Belief in the Messengers in brief: Tafsir al-Sa’di

In part of his tafsir of surah al-Baqarah (2:253), sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di listed a summary of some of the salient points regarding the prophets and messengers:

فائدة: كما يجب على المكلف معرفته بربه، فيجب عليه معرفته برسله، ما يجب لهم ويمتنع عليهم ويجوز في حقهم، ويؤخذ جميع ذلك مما وصفهم الله به في آيات متعددة. ـ

A point of benefit: Just as knowledge of one’s Lord is obligatory upon every legally-responsible adult, likewise knowledge of His messengers is also obligatory upon him – what is obligated towards them, what is prohibited regarding them and what is permitted concerning them. And all of that is taken from what Allah has described them with in numerous ayaat.

منها: أنهم رجال لا نساء، من أهل القرى لا من أهل البوادي، وأنهم مصطفون مختارون، جمع الله لهم من الصفات الحميدة ما به الاصطفاء والاختيار، وأنهم سالمون من كل ما يقدح في رسالتهم من كذب وخيانة وكتمان وعيوب مزرية، وأنهم لا يقرون على خطأ فيما يتعلق بالرسالة والتكليف، وأن الله تعالى خصهم بوحيه . ـ

And among these descriptions are:

-They there are men and not women[1], from the inhabitants of townships and not from the people of the wilderness[2].

– And they were chosen[3] and selected[4]; Allah combined in them praiseworthy traits which He chose and selected[5].

– And they were free of anything of lying, treachery, concealment, and disgraceful short-comings which would blemish their messengerships[6].

-And they did not persist in mistakes in that which was related to their messengership and responsibilities[7].

-And that Allah singled them out for His revelation to the exclusion of others[8].

فلهذا وجب الإيمان بهم وطاعتهم ومن لم يؤمن بهم فهو كافر، ومن قدح في واحد منهم أو سبه فهو كافر يتحتم قتله، ودلائل هذه الجمل كثيرة، من تدبر القرآن تبين له الحق . ـ

So due to these things, al-eemaan in them and obedience to them is obligatory. And whoever does not believe in them, then he is a disbeliever, and whoever defames or insults one of them, then he is a disbeliever whose execution is incumbent[9]. And the proofs for this list are many – whoever reflects over the Qur’an, the truth will become clear to him.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 111]

See also: The command to extol the Prophet, and the punishment for harming him or the believers: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: “Those of determination among the messengers”: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

See also: Five Descriptions of the Prophet in Surah al-Ahzaab

See also: We have sent him in order that you may believe: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: Whoever Denies One Messenger has Denied Them All: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

Translator’s Notes:

[1] According to the ayah:

وَمَا أَرْ‌سَلْنَا قَبْلَكَ إِلَّا رِ‌جَالًا نُّوحِي إِلَيْهِمْ

And We sent not before you, [O Muhammad], except men to whom We revealed [21:7]

[2] According to the ayah:

وَمَا أَرْ‌سَلْنَا مِن قَبْلِكَ إِلَّا رِ‌جَالًا نُّوحِي إِلَيْهِم مِّنْ أَهْلِ الْقُرَ‌ىٰ

And We sent not before you (as Messengers) any but men, whom We inspired from among the people of townships. [12:109]

[3] According to the ayah:

اللَّـهُ يَصْطَفِي مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ رُ‌سُلًا وَمِنَ النَّاسِ

Allah chooses messengers from among the angles and from mankind [22:75]

[4] According to the ayah – following Allah’s listing 18 of His prophets by name – :

وَاجْتَبَيْنَاهُمْ وَهَدَيْنَاهُمْ إِلَىٰ صِرَ‌اطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ

…and We selected them and We guided them to a straight path [6:87]

[5] According to the ayah:

لَّقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّـهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِّمَن كَانَ يَرْجُو اللَّـهَ وَالْيَوْمَ الْآخِرَ وَذَكَرَ اللَّـهَ كَثِيرًا

There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent example for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah often. [33:21]

[6] According to the ayah:

اللَّـهُ أَعْلَمُ حَيْثُ يَجْعَلُ رِ‌سَالَتَهُ

Allah is most knowing of where He places His message [6:124]

[7] According to the ayah:

وَالنَّجْمِ إِذَا هَوَىٰ * مَا ضَلَّ صَاحِبُكُمْ وَمَا غَوَىٰ * وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ * إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَىٰ

By the star when it descends, * Your companion [Muhammad] has not strayed, nor has he erred, * Nor does he speak from [his own] inclination. * It is not but a revelation revealed [54:1-4]

as well as:

وَلَوْ تَقَوَّلَ عَلَيْنَا بَعْضَ الْأَقَاوِيلِ * لَأَخَذْنَا مِنْهُ بِالْيَمِينِ * ثُمَّ لَقَطَعْنَا مِنْهُ الْوَتِينَ * فَمَا مِنكُم مِّنْ أَحَدٍ عَنْهُ حَاجِزِينَ

And if Muhammad had made up about Us some [false] sayings, * We would have seized him by the right hand; * Then We would have cut from him the aorta. * And there is no one of you who could prevent [Us] from him. [69:44-47]

[8] According to the ayah:

يُنَزِّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةَ بِالرُّ‌وحِ مِنْ أَمْرِ‌هِ عَلَىٰ مَن يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ أَنْ أَنذِرُ‌وا أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاتَّقُونِ

He sends down the angels, with the inspiration of His command, upon whom He wills of His servants, [telling them], “Warn that there is no deity except Me; so fear Me.” [16:2]

[9] The nature of Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di’s comments here is brief, but he explains this issue in more detail in other writings, such as:

لا حد إلا على مكلف عالم بالتحريم . ولا يقيمه إلا الامام أو تائبه … ـ

There is no hadd (prescribed) punishment except for the one who is legally responsible and knows of the prohibition (that he has broken). And the hadd punishment is not carried out except by the Muslim leader or his appointed representative.

[Majmoo’ al-Kaamilah li-Mu’aalifaat al-Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di 12/76]

And these notes were what Allah made easy for us to find in the explanations of the scholars and include here, BaarakAllaahu feekum.

9 thoughts on “Belief in the Messengers in brief: Tafsir al-Sa’di

  1. Pingback: The command to extol the Prophet, and the punishment for harming him or the believers: Tafsir al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: “Those of determination among the messengers”: Tafsir al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: Five Descriptions of the Prophet in Surah al-Ahzaab | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: We have sent him in order that you may believe: Tafsir al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  5. Pingback: Moosaa, Muhammad & Adam – the Messengers to whom Allah spoke: Tafsir al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

  6. Pingback: Those Messengers whom Allah Raised in Degree: Tafsir al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

  7. Pingback: “Those messengers, We have given precedence to some over others”: Tafsir al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

  8. Pingback: “O Messenger, Convey what has been Revealed to you”: Tafsir al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

  9. Pingback: Whoever Denies One Messenger has Denied Them All: Tafsir al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

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