Will the Disbelievers speak on the Day of Judgement?: Imam al-Shinqitee

In his book written to respond to supposed contradictions and difficult passages of the Qur’an, Sheikh Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shinqitee brought the following discussion under his treatment of surah al-Mursalat:

قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى: هَذَا يَوْمُ لَا يَنْطِقُونَ وَلَا يُؤْذَنُ لَهُمْ فَيَعْتَذِرُونَ. هَذِهِ الْآيَةُ الْكَرِيمَةُ تَدُلُّ عَلَى أَنَّ أَهْلَ النَّارِ لَا يَنْطِقُونَ وَلَا يَعْتَذِرُونَ. ـ

Allah’s statement:

هَذَا يَوْمُ لَا يَنْطِقُونَ * وَلَا يُؤْذَنُ لَهُمْ فَيَعْتَذِرُونَ

This is a Day they will not speak, * Nor will it be permitted for them to make an excuse. [77:35-36]

This noble ayah indicates that the people of the Hell-fire will neither speak nor proffer excuses.

وَقَدْ جَاءَتْ آيَاتٌ تَدُلُّ عَلَى أَنَّهُمْ يَنْطِقُونَ وَيَعْتَذِرُونَ، كَقَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى: وَاللَّهِ رَبِّنَا مَا كُنَّا مُشْرِكِينَ [6 \ 23] ، وَقَوْلِهِ: فَأَلْقَوُا السَّلَمَ مَا كُنَّا نَعْمَلُ مِنْ سُوءٍ [16 \ 28] ، وَقَوْلِهِ: بَلْ لَمْ نَكُنْ نَدْعُو مِنْ قَبْلُ شَيْئًا [40] ، وَقَوْلِهِ: تَاللَّهِ إِنْ كُنَّا لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ إِذْ نُسَوِّيكُمْ بِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ وَمَا أَضَلَّنَا إِلَّا الْمُجْرِمُونَ [26 \ 97 – 99] ، وَقَوْلِهِ: رَبَّنَا هَؤُلَاءِ أَضَلُّونَا [7 \ 38] ، إِلَى غَيْرِ ذَلِكَ مِنَ الْآيَاتِ.ـ

But other ayaat have already come which indicates that they will speak and offer excuses, such as His statement:

وَاللَّهِ رَبِّنَا مَا كُنَّا مُشْرِكِينَ

[the disbelievers will say] “By Allah, our Lord, we were not those who committed al-shirk.” [6:23]

And His statement: Continue reading