Parables of the Qur’an Article Index

This page is dedicated to gathering all of our translations on the subject of the Amthal al-Qur’an, or Parables of the Qur’an. We have listed the 40 of so parables found in the Qur’an, and perhaps Allah will enable us to translate explanations of each of them over the coming months and years. Our current schedule is to publish a new article related to the parables of the Qur’an at the beginning of each month.

Introductory articles

Introduction to the Parables of the Qur’an: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

The Purpose of Parables in the Qur’an: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

The Qur’anic Methods of Calling People to Tawheed: Sheikh Saalih al-Fawzan

Allah is Not Shy to Strike a Parable of a Mosquito: Tafsir al-Sa’di

We have organized the parables in two different ways:

  1. Sequentially according to their placement in the mushaf
  2. Thematically according to the topics they discuss

1. Sequential List of Parables

Surah al-Baqarah

• 2:17-18 – Tafsir of Surah al-Baqarah 1-20: al-Tafsir al-Muyassar

                – Major Nifaq and Minor Nifaq in the Qur’an: Tafsir ibn Kathir

• 2:19-20 – Tafsir of Surah al-Baqarah 1-20: al-Tafsir al-Muyassar

                          – Major Nifaq and Minor Nifaq in the Qur’an: Tafsir ibn Kathir

• 2:171 – Those Who Hear Nothing But Calls and Cries: Tafsir al-Sa’di

• 2:261 – The Example of Those who Spend Their Wealth in Allah’s Path …: Ibn al-Qayyim

• 2:264

• 2:265

• 2:266

• 2:275

Aal ‘Imran

• 3:117 – A Parable of What the Disbelievers Spend in This Life: Tafsir al-Sa’di

al-An’aam

• 6:71 – “Shall We Turn Back on Our Heels After Allah has Guided us?”: Tafsir al-Baghawi

• 6:122 – A Living Heart and a Light to Walk by: Tafsir ibn Kathir

• 6:125 – “Whoever Allah Wants to Guide, He Opens his Chest to Islam”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

al-A’raaf

• 7:175-176 – Those Who Threw Off the Guidance that Allah Gave Them: Tafsir al-Sa’di

Yunus

• 10:24 – Becoming Deceived by This Life: Ibn al-Qayyim

Hud

• 11:24 – A Parable of the Disbelievers and the Believers: Tafsir al-Tabari

al-Ra’d

• 13:14 – “And the supplication of the disbelievers is not but in error”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

• 13:17 – “Thus Does Allah Strike a Parable of Truth and Falsehood”: al-Qurtubi, ibn Taymiyah, and ibn al-Qayyim

Ibrahim

• 14:18 – The Deeds of the Disbelievers: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

• 14:24 – “A Good Word is like a Good Tree”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

• 14:26 – “A Good Word is like a Good Tree”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

al-Nahl

• 16:75-76

• 16:112

al-Kahf

• 18:32-44

• 18:45 – The Passing Nature of this Life: Tafsir al-Tabari

      Allah’s Comparison of the Dunya and Water – Tafsir al-Qurtubi

al-Hajj

• 22:31

• 22:73

al-Noor

• 24:35 – The Light of Eeman in the Heart of the Believer: Tafsir al-Tabari

• 24:39

• 24:40

al-Furqan

• 25:44 – More Astray Than Cattle: Ibn al-Qayyim

al-‘Ankaboot

• 29:41 – Like the House of a Spider: Tafsir ibn Kathir

al-Room

• 30:28 – Allah Presents a Parable From Your Own Selves: Tafsir ibn Kathir

al-Zumar

• 39:29 – A Parable of Two Slaves: Ibn al-Qayyim

Muhammad

• 47:20 – You Will See Them Looking Like One Overcome by Death: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

al-Fath

• 48:29

al-Hujurat

• 49:12 – “O you who believe, avoid much suspicion…”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

al-Hadeed

• 57:20

al-Hashr

• 59:15

• 59:16

al-Jumu’ah

• 62:5 – “Like a Donkey Carrying Books”: Tafsir al-Qurtubi

al-Tahreem

• 66:10-12 – Three Parables in Surah al-Tahreem: ibn al-Qayyim

                    Two disbelieving women and two believing women: Tafsir al-Sa’di

al-Muddathir

• 74:50-52

Note: This list is based on the small book al-Wajeez fee Amthal al-Qur’an al-‘Aziz by Sheikh Abu’l-Hasan al-Rouqi al-‘Utaybi, may Allah reward him, for it was this book that inspired our collection of translations here. In his book, the author selected brief yet beneficial explanations of each parable in the Qur’an from some of the well-known scholars and books of tafsir. The sequential list presented here is the same as found in his book (with the addition of 18:45 and 57:20, which perhaps he excluded because of their similarity to 10:24), and we chose to translate many of the same excerpts that he selected.

2. Thematic List of Parables

Tawheed and Shirk

• al-Ra’d 13:14 – “And the supplication of the disbelievers is not but in error”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

• Ibrahim 14:24-25 – “A Good Word is like a Good Tree”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

• Ibrahim 14:26-27 – “A Good Word is like a Good Tree”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

• al-Nahl 16:75

• al-Nahl 16:76

• al-Hajj 22:31

• al-‘Ankaboot 29:34

• al-‘Ankaboot 29:41 – Like the House of a Spider: Tafsir ibn Kathir

• al-Room 30:28 – Allah Presents a Parable From Your Own Selves: Tafsir ibn Kathir

• al-Zumar 39:29 – A Parable of Two Slaves: Ibn al-Qayyim

○ Truth and Falsehood

• al-Ra’d 13:17 – “Thus Does Allah Strike a Parable of Truth and Falsehood”: al-Qurtubi, ibn Taymiyah, and ibn al-Qayyim

○ The Believers and the Disbelievers

• al-An’aam 6:122 – A Living Heart and a Light to Walk by: Tafsir ibn Kathir

• al-An’aam 6:125* – “Whoever Allah Wants to Guide, He Opens his Chest to Islam”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

• Hud 11:24 – A Parable of the Disbelievers and the Believers: Tafsir al-Tabari

○ Spending, and those who Spend

• al-Baqarah 2:261 – The Example of Those who Spend Their Wealth in Allah’s Path …: Ibn al-Qayyim

• al-Baqarah 2:264

• al-Baqarah 2:265

• al-Baqarah 2:266

• Aal ‘Imraan 3:117 – A Parable of What the Disbelievers Spend in This Life: Tafsir al-Sa’di

○ The Light of Guidance

• al-Noor 24:35 – The Light of Eeman in the Heart of the Believer: Tafsir al-Tabari

○ Nifaq and the Munafiqoon

• al-Baqarah 2:17-18 – Tafsir of Surah al-Baqarah 1-20: al-Tafsir al-Muyassar

                                  – Major Nifaq and Minor Nifaq in the Qur’an: Tafsir ibn Kathir

• al-Baqarah 2:19-20 – Tafsir of Surah al-Baqarah 1-20: al-Tafsir al-Muyassar

                                  – Major Nifaq and Minor Nifaq in the Qur’an: Tafsir ibn Kathir

○ The Life of this World

• Yunus 10:24 – Becoming Deceived by This Life: Ibn al-Qayyim

• al-Kahf 18:45 – The Passing Nature of this Life: Tafsir al-Tabari

                                  – Allah’s Comparison of the Dunya and Water: Tafsir al-Qurtubi

• al-Hadeed 57:20

○ Turning Away from the Ayaat of Allah

• al-Baqarah 2:171 – Those Who Hear Nothing But Calls and Cries: Tafsir al-Sa’di

• al-A’raaf 175-176 – Those Who Threw Off the Guidance that Allah Gave Them: Tafsir al-Sa’di

• al-Jumu’ah 62:5 – “Like a Donkey Carrying Books”: Tafsir al-Qurtubi

• al-Muddathir 74:49-53

The Deeds of the Disbelievers

• Ibrahim 14:18 – The Deeds of the Disbelievers: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

• al-Noor 24:39

• al-Noor 24:40

Note: This thematic list is based on a very beneficial class entitled “Understanding the Qur’anic Parables” [فقه الأمثال القرآنية] by Sheikh Khalid al-Batili [خالد الباتلي], a professor at Imam University in Riyadh. A transcript of these lessons in book form can be found here. Please note that this class did not endeavor to cover all parables of the Qur’an, but limited itself to roughly 30 out of the 40 or so included in the sequential list above. Asterisks [*] indicate that these parables were not included in the sheikh’s original list.

We ask Allah to make this effort a source of benefit for the original authors, the compiler, the teacher, the translator, and all who read these articles. BaarakAllaahu feekum.

-Abu’l-Yaman Khalil Klopfenstein (Translator and Administrator)