Assorted Qur’an Benefits #51

What follows is a collection of small benefits found in the books of tafsir that were originally published on the Tulayhah social media channels during the second half of July, August and September 2020:

♦ The House in Which Allah’s Book is Recited

Ibn Abi Shaybah dedicated one chapter of his Musannaf to “Houses in which the Qur’an is Recited.” He concluded the chapter with the following narration:

ـ 29440 حَدَّثَنَا عَفَّانُ ، قَالَ : حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ الْمُغِيرَةِ ، قَالَ : حَدَّثَنَا ثَابِتٌ ، قَالَ : كَانَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ يَقُولُ : الْبَيْتُ إِذَا تُلِيَ فِيهِ كِتَابُ اللَّهِ اتَّسَعَ بِأَهْلِهِ ، وَكَثُرَ خَيْرُهُ ، وَحَضَرَتْهُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ ، وَخَرَجَتْ مِنْهُ الشَّيَاطِينُ ، وَالْبَيْتُ الَّذِي لَمْ يُتْلَ فِيهِ كِتَابُ اللَّهِ ، ضَاقَ بِأَهْلِهِ ، وَقَلَّ خَيْرُهُ ، عَنْهُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ ، وَحَضَرَهُ الشَّيَاطِينُ

… Abu Hurayrah used to say: The house in which Allah’s Book is recited becomes spacious for its inhabitants and its good increases. The angels come to it, and the shayateen leave it. But the house in which Allah’s Book is not recited becomes becomes constricting for its inhabitants and its good is scarce. The angels avoid it, and the shayaateen come to it.

[Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah #29440]

♦ Broken Agreements

Allah addresses Banu Israa’eel in surah al-Baqarah by saying:

ثُمَّ أَنتُمْ هَٰؤُلَاءِ تَقْتُلُونَ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَتُخْرِجُونَ فَرِيقًا مِّنكُم مِّن دِيَارِهِمْ تَظَاهَرُونَ عَلَيْهِم بِالْإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ وَإِن يَأْتُوكُمْ أُسَارَىٰ تُفَادُوهُمْ وَهُوَ مُحَرَّمٌ عَلَيْكُمْ إِخْرَاجُهُمْ ۚ أَفَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِبَعْضِ الْكِتَابِ وَتَكْفُرُونَ بِبَعْضٍ

Then it was you who killed yourselves and expelled a group of you from their homes, working together in sin and aggression against them. But if they came to you as captives, you ransomed them, when it was forbidden for you to expel them! Do you believe in some of the Scripture and disbelieve in other parts? [2:85]

Imam al-Baghawi commented on this by writing:

فكأن الله تعالى أخذ عليهم أربعة عهود: ترك القتال، وترك الإخراج، وترك المظاهرة عليهم مع أعدائهم، وفداء أسراهم، فأعرضوا عن الكل إلا الفداء.ـ

It is as if Allah took four covenants from them: 1) to leave off fighting one another, 2) to leave off expelling one another, 3) to leave off working with their enemies to overpower one another, and 4) to pay the ransom for those who become prisoners of war. However the turned away from all of these agreements except for paying the ransoms.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 1/118]

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Assorted Qur’an Benefits #50

What follows is a collection of small benefits found in the books of tafsir that were originally published on the Tulayhah social media channels during July 2020:

♦ Lawful Food and Righteous Deeds

Allah says in surah al-Mu’minoon:

يَا أَيُّهَا الرُّسُلُ كُلُوا مِنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَاعْمَلُوا صَالِحًا ۖ إِنِّي بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ عَلِيمٌ

O Messengers, eat of the pure foods and do righteous deeds. I am certainly well-acquainted with what you do. [23:51]

al-Haafidh ibn Kathir opens his commentary on this ayah by writing:

يَأْمُرُ تَعَالَى عِبَادَهُ الْمُرْسَلِينَ ، عَلَيْهِمُ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ أَجْمَعِينَ ، بِالْأَكْلِ مِنَ الْحَلَالِ ، وَالْقِيَامِ بِالصَّالِحِ مِنَ الْأَعْمَالِ ، فَدَلَّ هَذَا عَلَى أَنَّ الْحَلَالَ عَوْنٌ عَلَى الْعَمَلِ الصَّالِحِ

Allah commands those servants of His whom He sent as messengers (may His mercy and blessing be upon them all) to eat of the lawful foods and to perform righteous actions. This indicates that lawful food helps one to perform righteous deeds.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 5/481]

♦ His Wealth and His Children Will Not Benefit Him

al-Haafidh ibn Kathir mentions the following narration in part of his tafsir of surah al-Masad:

 وذكر عن ابن مسعود أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لما دعا قومه إلى الإيمان ، قال أبو لهب : إذا كان ما يقول ابن أخي حقا ، فإني أفتدي نفسي يوم القيامة من العذاب بمالي وولدي ، فأنزل الله : ( ما أغنى عنه ماله وما كسب ) . ـ

Ibn Mas’ood mentioned that when Allah’s Messenger called his people to eemaan, Abu Lahab said, “If what my nephew is saying is true, then on the Day of Resurrection I will ransom myself from punishment with my wealth and offspring,” so Allah then revealed:

 مَا أَغْنَىٰ عَنْهُ مَالُهُ وَمَا كَسَبَ

His wealth and his children will not benefit him [111:2]

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 8/515]

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Assorted Qur’an Benefits #49

What follows is a collection of the short benefits from the books of tafsir originally posted on our Tulayhah social media channels during June 2020:

♦ You Alone We Worship and You Alone Do We Ask for Help

In his tafsir of surah al-Fatihah, al-haafidh Ismaa’eel ibn Kathir mentioned the following point of benefit:

وإنما قدم : ( إياك نعبد) على (وإياك نستعين) لأن العبادة له هي المقصودة ، والاستعانة وسيلة إليها ، والاهتمام والحزم هو أن يقدم ما هو الأهم فالأهم ، والله أعلم .ـ

The reason why Allah mentioned “You alone we worship” before “and You alone do we ask for help” is because worshiping Allah is the goal while seeking His aid is a means to achieve that goal. One should direct their attention and resolve to focusing first on what is most important and then what comes next in importance. and Allah knows best.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 1/135]


♦ Two Sources of Protection for this Ummah

al-Haafidh Ismaa’eel ibn Kathir includes the following narration in part of his tafsir of surah al-Anfaal:

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Assorted Qur’an Benefits #48

This post collects short points of benefit from the books of tafsir originally posted on the Tulayhah social media accounts during the months of May and June 2020:

♦ The Severest Ayah Regarding the People of the Hellfire

Allah addresses the disbelievers in surah al-Naba’ when they will be entered into the Hellfire by saying:

فَذُوقُوا فَلَنْ نَزِيدَكُمْ إِلا عَذَابًا

So taste [the punishment], for We will never increase you in anything other than punishment. [78:30]

Imam ibn Jarir al-Tabari mentioned the following report in his tafsir of this ayah:

وقد حدثنا ابن بشار، قال: ثنا ابن أبي عديّ، عن سعيد، عن قتادة، عن أبي أيوب الأزدي، عن عبد الله بن عمرو، قال: لم تنـزل على أهل النار آية أشد من هذه: ( فَذُوقُوا فَلَنْ نـزيدَكُمْ إِلا عَذَابًا ) قال: فهم في مزيد من العذاب أبدا.ـ

… ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr said: No ayah sent down regarding the people of the hellfire is more severe than this

فَذُوقُوا فَلَنْ نَزِيدَكُمْ إِلا عَذَابًا

So taste [the punishment], for We will never increase you in anything other than punishment. [78:30]

For they will be in a state of eternally increasing punishment.

[Tafsir al-Tabari 23/169]

♦ Whoever Submits His Face to Allah

In surah al-Baqarah, Allah responds to the claims of the People of the Book that only they will enter Jannah by saying:

بَلَىٰ مَنْ أَسْلَمَ وَجْهَهُ لِلَّـهِ وَهُوَ مُحْسِنٌ فَلَهُ أَجْرُهُ عِندَ رَبِّهِ وَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ

On the contrary, whoever submits his face to Allah while being a good doer, he will have his reward from his Lord and there will be no fear for them, nor will they grieve. [2:112]

In part of his explanation of this passage, Imam al-Baghawi wrote:

وخص الوجه لأنه إذا جاد بوجهه في السجود لم يبخل بسائر جوارحه

Allah singled out the face here because someone who willingly offers their face in prostration would not grudgingly withhold any of their other limbs.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 1/137]

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Assorted Qur’an Benefits #47

What follows is a collection of assorted benefits primarily from the books of tafsir that were originally posted on our social media channels during the month of May 2020:

♦ Those Who Fear al-Rahman Unseen

Allah describes the muttaqoon in surah Qaaf with the following attributes:

مَّنْ خَشِيَ الرَّحْمَـٰنَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَجَاءَ بِقَلْبٍ مُّنِيبٍ

Those who fear al-Rahman unseen and come with a repentant heart [50:33]

Imam al-Baghawi commented on this by writing:

معنى الآية : من خاف الرحمن وأطاعه بالغيب ولم يره . وقال الضحاك والسدي : يعني في الخلوة حيث لا يراه أحد . قال الحسن : إذا أرخى الستر وأغلق الباب

The meaning of this ayah is: those who fear al-Rahman and obey Him in private without seeing Him.

al-Dhahhaak and al-Suddi said: i.e. in privacy when no one can see him.

al-Hasan al-Basri said: When he lowers the shades and locks the door.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 7/364]

♦ It Will Bring Down and Raise Up

Allah begins surah al-Waqi’ah by describing the Day of Resurrection as:

إِذَا وَقَعَتِ الْوَاقِعَةُ * لَيْسَ لِوَقْعَتِهَا كَاذِبَةٌ * خَافِضَةٌ رَّافِعَةٌ

When the Event befalls. * And there can be no denying of its befalling. * It will bring down and raise up. [56:1-3]

Commenting on this, Imam al-Baghawi wrote:

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Assorted Qur’an Benefits #46

What follows is a collection of short benefits that were originally posted on our social media channels during the month of May 2020:

♦ Moving Upwards

Allah begins surah al-Jaathiyah by directing mankind to reflect on a number of His signs and blessings in the creation [ayaat 3-6] and mentions three different types of people will benefit from such reflection. Ibn Kathir comments on the sequence of these types of people by writing:

[وقال أولا ) لآيات للمؤمنين ) ، ثم ) يوقنون ) ثم ) يعقلون ) وهو ترق من حال شريف إلى ما هو أشرف منه وأعلى]

First, Allah says

لَآيَاتٍ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

… signs for the believers. [45:3]

then

آيَاتٌ لِّقَوْمٍ يُوقِنُونَ

… signs for people who are certain in their faith. [45:4]

then

آيَاتٌ لِّقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ

… signs for people who understand. [45:5]

So He is moving from distinguished and upright to even more distinguished and of a higher level.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 7/265]

♦ The One Who Brought the Truth and Believed in It

Allah promises an amazing reward in surah al-Zumar when He says:

وَالَّذِي جَاءَ بِالصِّدْقِ وَصَدَّقَ بِهِ ۙ أُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُتَّقُونَ * لَهُم مَّا يَشَاءُونَ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ جَزَاءُ الْمُحْسِنِينَ * لِيُكَفِّرَ اللَّـهُ عَنْهُمْ أَسْوَأَ الَّذِي عَمِلُوا وَيَجْزِيَهُمْ أَجْرَهُم بِأَحْسَنِ الَّذِي كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

And the one who has brought the truth and believed in it – those are the righteous. * They will have whatever they desire with their Lord. That is the reward of the doers of good – * That Allah may remove from them the worst of what they did and reward them their due for the best of what they used to do. [39:33-35]

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Assorted Qur’an Benefits #45

What follows is a collection of the various benefits originally posted on our social media pages during May 2020:

♦ What Follows Ramadan

In one of his khutbahs delivered during the month of Ramadan, sheikh ‘Abd al-Razzaq al-Badr said:

أيها المؤمن الصائم ! إن صيامك عن المفطرات في شهر رمضان له وقتٌ محدود وأمدٌ معدود في هذا الشهر الفاضل وأما صيامك عن المحرمات وعن كل ما يُسخط الله ، فإنه صيامٌ مستمرٌّ دائمٌ معك كلِّ حياتك كلها وعمرك جميعه

O Fasting Muslim! Withholding from the things that break your fast during the month of Ramadan is just for a specific time and a limited term during this great month. But as for withholding from the things that are forbidden and that incur Allah’s anger, that is an continual and ongoing fast that must stay with you throughout your entire life and all of your days!

[al-Jami’ li’l-Mu’allafat 12/362]

♦ Beautifying Our Recitation

Sheikh Saalih al-‘Usaymi wrote:

أمرنا بتحسين قراءتنا القرآن؛ لأنَّ المباني وعاء المعاني، والصَّوت لسان المباني، فإذا حَسُن صوت قارئ القرآن قرَّت المباني في الأُذن؛ فبلغت القلب، وانتفع العبد، وقد صحَّ عند أبي داودَ وغيره عن البراء بن عازبٍ رضي الله عنهما أنَّ النَّبيَّ ﷺ قال: “زيِّنوا القرآنَ بأصواتكم”.ـ

We have been commanded to beautify our recitation of the Qur’an. That is because the medium is what carries the message, and the sounds of the tongue is the medium. So when the reciter’s voice is beautiful, then the medium takes hold of one’s ears which then reaches to the heart and benefits the slave.

And it has been authentically reported from Abu Dawud and others that al-Baraa’ ibn ‘Aazib relayed that the Prophet said, “Beautify the Qur’an with your voices.”

[As found on the sheikh’s Twitter here: https://twitter.com/Osaimi0543/status/1257299857875877889%5D

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Assorted Qur’an Benefits #44

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our social media channels during Ramadan 2020:

♦ Lengthening the Night Prayer

Imam al-Dhahabi records the following statement in his famous biographical encyclopedia:

قال الأوزاعي : من أطال قيام الليل ، هون الله عليه وقوف يوم القيامة

al-Awza’ee said, “Whoever lengthens his standing in the night prayer, Allah will make his standing on the Day of Resurrection easy for him.”

[Siyar A’lam al-Nubala’ 7/120]

♦ Ramadan is Training for the Entire Year

Sheikh Muhammad ibn Salih al-‘Uthaymeen once stated:

‏ينبغي للصائم أن يشتغل بالصلاة والذكر والدعاء وقراءة القرآن الكريم حتى يجمع في صيامه عبادات شتى والإنسان إذا عود نفسه ومرنها على أعمال العبادة في حال الصيام سهل عليه ذلك.ـ

The fasting person ought to occupy himself with prayer, dhikr, supplication, and reciting Qur’an so that he can have a number of different acts of worship together alongside his fasting.

If a person trains himself and gets himself used to doing these acts of worship while he is fasting, they will become easy for him to do.

[Fatawa fee al-Zakah wa’l-Siyaam pg. 556]

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Assorted Qur’an Benefits #43

The following are points of benefit originally posted on our social media channels during the month of April 2020:

♦ Qur’an Kareem

Allah swears in surah al-Waaqi’ah that:

إِنَّهُ لَقُرْآنٌ كَرِيمٌ

This is certainly a Qur’an kareem [56:77]

Imam al-Baghawi commented on this by writing:

ـ ( لقرآن كريم ) عزيز مكرم لأنه كلام الله . قال بعض أهل المعاني : الكريم الذي من شأنه أن يعطي الخير الكثير

A Qur’an kareem” – i.e. revered and honored, for it is the speech of Allah.

And some of the linguistic experts said that a person who is al-Kareem is one who, as a part of who he is, gives out great amounts of good.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 8/22]

♦ The Meaning of Kanood

Allah says in surah al-‘Adiyat:

إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ لِرَبِّهِ لَكَنُودٌ

Man is certainly kanood towards his Lord [100:06]

This word Kanood is usually translated as “ungrateful”. In part of his commentary on this ayah, Imam al-Baghawi mentioned the following explanations of this word from some of the salaf:

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Assorted Qur’an Benefits #42

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our social media pages during the second half of March 2020:

♦ On the Name al-Hameed

Allah includes the following ayah in surah al-Buruj regarding the crimes that the People of the Ditch committed against the believers:

وَمَا نَقَمُوا مِنْهُمْ إِلَّا أَن يُؤْمِنُوا بِاللَّـهِ الْعَزِيزِ الْحَمِيدِ

And they only resented them because they believed in Allah, al-‘Azeez al-Hameed [85:08]

Sheikh Salih al-Fawzan commented on the named al-Hameed in this ayah by writing:

ـ<الحميد> المحمود على كل حال ، فما يجري من شيء في هذا الكون من خير أو شر إلا ويحمد عليه ؛ لأن الله لم يخلق الشر لذاته ، وإنما خلقه وأوجده لحكمة ، وهي : الابتلاء والامتحان به ، فهو يحمد على كل حال وعلى أقداره وعلى شرعه وعلى جميع أفعاله ، فليس هناك شيء في أفعاله لا يحمد عليه . ـ

“al-Hameed” – i.e. the One who is worthy of praise in every situation. For nothing in the universe, whether good or bad, takes places without Allah deserving to be praised for it.

That is because Allah did not create evil for its own sake; He only created evil and brought it into existence for a reason, which is to use it as a test and a trial.

So He deserves to be praised in every circumstance, for every thing that He has decreed, for every thing that He has legislated, and for all of His actions. For there is not a single action of His that is not worthy of being praised. Continue reading