Assorted Qur’an Benefits #22

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our Facebook page and Telegram Channel in the latter part of December 2017:

♦ Allah does not Charge a Soul Beyond its Ability

Imam ibn Jarir al-Tabari mentioned the following narration in part of his famous tafsir:

 6502 – حَدَّثَنِي الْمُثَنَّى قَالَ : حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي مُعَاوِيَةُ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَوْلَهُ : ” لَا يُكَلِّفُ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا ” قَالَ : هُمُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ ، وَسَّعَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ أَمْرَ دِينِهِمْ ، فَقَالَ اللَّهُ – جَلَّ ثَنَاؤُهُ – : ( وَمَا جَعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ مِنْ حَرَجٍ ) [ سُورَةُ الْحَجِّ : 78 ] ، وَقَالَ : ( يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ ) [ سُورَةُ الْبَقَرَةِ : 185 ] ، وَقَالَ : ( فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ ) [ سُورَةُ التَّغَابُنِ : 16 ] .ـ

… Regarding the ayah:

لَا يُكَلِّفُ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا

Allah does not charge a soul beyond its ability [2:286]

ibn ‘Abbaas said: This is referring to the believers – Allah has made the matter of their religion easy for them. For Allah said:

وَمَا جَعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ مِنْ حَرَجٍ

and He has not placed any difficulty upon you in the religion [22:78]

and He said:

يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ

Allah wants ease for you and He does not want hardship for you [2:185]

and He said:

فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ

Have taqwa of Allah as much as you are able [64:16]

[Tafsir al-Tabari 6/131]


A Description of the Munafiqoon Continue reading

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Assorted Qur’an Benefits #21

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our Facebook page and Telegram Channel in the first part of December 2017:

♦ Ibn Kathir’s Approach to the Qiraa’aat in his Tafsir

The great mufassir al-haafidh Ismaa’eel ibn Kathir explained the approach he took in his tafsir towards linguistic discussion and the qiraa’aat by writing:

 وفي جبريل وميكائيل لغات وقراءات ، تذكر في كتب اللغة والقراءات ، ولم نطول كتابنا هذا بسرد ذلك إلا أن يدور فهم المعنى عليه ، أو يرجع الحكم في ذلك إليه ، وبالله الثقة ، وهو المستعان . ـ

Regarding the words “Jibreel” and “Meekaa’eel” [c.f. 2:98], there are a number of linguistic issues and different recitations which are mentioned in the books of language and qiraa’aat. But we will not elongate this book of ours by going through these topics unless the meaning of an ayah centers around that or unless a legal ruling related to an ayah hinges on one of those things. In Allah do we place our trust, and it is from Him that we seek aid.”

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 1/343]


♦ Continuing Rewards

Allah says in surah al-Tin:

لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ فِي أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ * ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ * إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَلَهُمْ أَجْرٌ غَيْرُ مَمْنُونٍ

We have certainly created man in the best form * then we return him to the lowest of the low * Except for those who believe and do righteous good deeds – for them there is a reward without interruption [95:4-6]

Commenting on these latter two ayaat in his book of tafsir, ibn al-Jawzi wrote:

 وقال النخعي: إذا بلغ المؤمن من الكبر ما يعجز عن العمل كتب له ما كان يعمل، وهو قوله تعالى: فلهم أجر غير ممنون وقال ابن قتيبة: المعنى: إلا الذين آمنوا في وقت القوة والقدرة، فإنهم حال الكبر غير منقوصين وإن عجزوا عن الطاعات، لأن الله تعالى علم أنهم لو لم يسلبهم القوة لم ينقطعوا عن أفعال الخير، فهو يجري لهم أجر ذلك . ـ

Ibrahim al-Nakaa’i said: When a believer reaches old age and is no longer able to perform good deeds, what he used to do will continue to be written for him. This is as Allah says, “For them there is a reward without interruption”. Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #20

What follows is a collection of various benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during August, September, October and November of 2017:

♦ The Knowledge of ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood

Sheikh Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shinqitee mentioned the following narration in part of his tafsir:

وقال ابن مسعود : إذا حدثتكم بحديث أنبأتكم بتصديقه من كتاب الله . أخرجه ابن أبي حاتم . ـ

ibn Mas’ood said, “If any of you were to narrate a hadeeth to me, I can tell you something from Allah’s Book which affirms it.” This was reported by ibn Abi Haatim.

[Adhwaa’ al-Bayaan 2/429]


♦ The Qur’an is the Spring of the Hearts

Imam al-Qurtubi mentioned the following quote in the last part of his tafsir of surah al-Shooraa [42]:

وكان مالك بن دينار يقول : يا أهل القرآن ، ماذا زرع القرآن في قلوبكم ؟ فإن القرآن ربيع القلوب كما أن الغيث ربيع الأرض . ـ

Malik ibn Dinar used to say, “O people of the Qur’an, what has the Qur’an produced in your hearts? For the Qur’an is the spring of the hearts, just as rain is the spring for the earth.”

[Jaami’ li-Ahkam al-Qur’an 16/53]


♦ Be Frequent in Seeking Allah’s Forgiveness

In part of his commentary on surah Aal ‘Imraan [03], Imam al-Qurtubi mentions the following words from the tabi’ee, Makhool: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #19

What follows is a collection of various benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during April, May, June and July of 2017:

♦ O Turner of the Hearts …

In his tafsir of surah Aal ‘Imraan, al-haafidh ibn Kathir mentioned the following narration:

قال ابن أبي حاتم : حدثنا عمرو بن عبد الله الأودي – وقال ابن جرير : حدثنا أبو كريب – قالا جميعا : حدثنا وكيع ، عن عبد الحميد بن بهرام ، عن شهر بن حوشب ، عن أم سلمة ، رضي الله عنها ، أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يقول : ” يا مقلب القلوب ثبت قلبي على دينك ” ثم قرأ : ( ربنا لا تزغ قلوبنا بعد إذ هديتنا وهب لنا من لدنك رحمة إنك أنت الوهاب )

Ibn Abi Haatim recorded … that Umm Salamah said that the Prophet said, “O Turner of hearts, make my heart steady upon Your religion” and then he recited:

 رَبَّنَا لَا تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ

Our Lord, do not let our hearts deviate after You have guided us, and grant us mercy from You. Truly, You are the Bestower. [3:8]

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 2/14]


♦ Fasting Combines All Types of Patience

Sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen made the following remarks:

الصيام صبر على طاعة الله، وصبر عن محارم الله، وصبر على أقدار الله المؤلمة من الجوع والعطش وضعف البدن والنفس؛ فقد اجتمعت فيه أنواع الصبر الثلاثة، وتحقق أن يكون الصائم من الصابرين، وقد قال الله تعالى: {إنما يوفى الصابرون أجرهم بغير حساب} [الزمر:10].ـ

Fasting is exercising patience in the obedience of Allah, and it is also exercising patience against the prohibitions of Allah, and it is also exercising patience in the face of those painful things – such as hurt, thirst, weakness of body and soul – which Allah has ordained.

So all three types of sabr – steadfast patience – are combined in fasting, and so the fasting person becomes one of the sabiroon. And Allah has said:

إِنَّمَا يُوَفَّى الصَّابِرُونَ أَجْرَهُم بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ

Only those who are patient shall receive their rewards in full, without reckoning. [39:10]

[Majmoo’ Fataawaa wa Rasaa’il al-‘Uthaymeen 20/200]


♦ Allah Responds to the Supplication of the Distressed Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #18

We continue our monthly series of “Assorted Qur’an Benefits”. What follows is a collection of various benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during January, February, and March of 2017:

♦ Act According to What You Know

In part of a brief advice directed to the students of the University of Madinah, sheikh ‘Abd al-‘Aziz bin Baaz mentioned:

قد جاء في بعض الآثار( من عمل بما علم أورثه الله علم ما لم يعلم ) وشاهد هذا في كتاب الله سبحانه قوله تعالى : وَالَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا زَادَهُمْ هُدًى وَآتَاهُمْ تَقْوَاهُمْ وقوله سبحانه : وَيَزِيدُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا هُدًى

It has come in some statements of the salaf that “whoever acts according to what he knows, Allah will endow him with knowledge which he does not know”. And a supporting evidence for this in Allah’s Book is His statement:

 وَالَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا زَادَهُمْ هُدًى وَآتَاهُمْ تَقْوَاهُمْ

And those who are guided – He increases them in guidance and gives them their taqwaa. [47:17]

and His statement:

وَيَزِيدُ اللَّـهُ الَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا هُدًى

And Allah increases those who were guided in guidance. [19:76]

[Taken from the sheikh’s website here: https://binbaz.org.sa/article/136]


♦ Allah Gives Them Their Taqwa

Allah says in surah Muhammad:

وَالَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا زَادَهُمْ هُدًى وَآتَاهُمْ تَقْوَاهُمْ

And those who are guided – He increases them in guidance and gives them their taqwa [47:17]

Commenting on this in his tafsir, Imam al-Baghawi wrote:

ـ( وآتاهم تقواهم ) وفقهم للعمل بما أمرهم به ، وهو التقوى

And He gives them their taqwa” – meaning: He grants them the accord to act according to what He has commanded them to do, and that is al-taqwa.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 7/284] Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #16

What follows is a collection of various benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during the months of September and October of 2016:

♦ Sharing in Punishment

Allah informs us about the punishment of the disbelievers in surah al-Zukhruf when He says:

 وَلَن يَنفَعَكُمُ الْيَوْمَ إِذ ظَّلَمْتُمْ أَنَّكُمْ فِي الْعَذَابِ مُشْتَرِكُونَ

And it will not benefit you on that day when you have done wrong that you are sharing in the punishment [43:39]

Sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen commented on this by writing:

وهذا يدل على أن اشتراك الناس في العذاب يخفف عليهم ، لكن في يوم القيامة لا ينفع هؤلاء اشتراكهم في العذاب

This indicates that sharing in punishment usually makes the punishment seem lighter for the people experiencing it, however on the Day of Resurrection this shared experience of punishment of theirs will not benefit them.

[Sharh Usool fee al-Tafsir pg. 343]


♦ Those Whom Allah Will Allow to Speak

In surah al-Naba’a, Allah describes the Day of Judgement by saying:

 يَوْمَ يَقُومُ الرُّوحُ وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ صَفًّا ۖ لَّا يَتَكَلَّمُونَ إِلَّا مَنْ أَذِنَ لَهُ الرَّحْمَـٰنُ وَقَالَ صَوَابًا

The Day that Ar-Ruh and the angels will stand forth in rows, none shall speak except him whom the al-Rahman has allowed, and who spoke what is right. [78:38]

Sheikh Muhammad al-Shawkaani commented on this ayah in his tafsir by writing: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #15

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during August and September of 2016, a period which coincided with the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah and the Hajj:

♦ Restraining Oneself from Base Desires

Allah says in surah al-Naazi’aat:

 وَأَمَّا مَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ وَنَهَى النَّفْسَ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ * فَإِنَّ الْجَنَّةَ هِيَ الْمَأْوَىٰ

But as for him who feared standing before his Lord, and restrained himself from desires. * Verily, Paradise will be his abode. [79:40-41]

Commenting on this in his tafsir, Imam al-Baghawi wrote:

عن المحارم التي تشتهيها ، قال مقاتل : هو الرجل يهم بالمعصية فيذكر مقامه للحساب فيتركها

He restrained himself from the forbidden matters which he desired.

Muqatil said: This is a man who was intending to perform an act of disobedience but then he remembered his appointment for the recompense of his deeds and so abandoned doing that act.”

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 8/331]


And If They Turn Away …

In surah al-Maa’idah, Allah instructs His Messenger: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #14

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during July 2016:

The Reminder Benefits the Believers

In part of his tafsir of surah al-Ghaashiyah, sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen mentioned the following admonition:

ونقول إذا رأيت قلبك لا يتذكر بذكرى فاتهمه ؛ لأن الله يقول : {فَإِنَّ الذِّكْرَىٰ تَنفَعُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ} [الذاريات ٥٥] ، فإذا ذُكرت ولم تجد من قلبك تأثرا وانتفاعا فاتمم نفسك ، واعلم أن فيك نقص إيمان ؛ لأن لو كان إيمانك كاملا لانتفعت بالذكرى ؛ لأن الذكرى لابد أن تنفع المؤمنين . ـ

And we say: if you observe that your heart is not reminded by a reminder then be concerned, for Allah says,

فَإِنَّ الذِّكْرَىٰ تَنفَعُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

indeed, the reminder benefits the believers [51:55]

So if it is reminded and you do not find your heart being affected or benefiting, then be concerned for yourself and know that you have some deficiency of eemaan. For if your eemaan were complete then you would have benefited from the reminder, because a reminder will certainly benefit the believers.”

[al-Tafseer al-Thameen l’il-‘Alaamah al-‘Uthaymeen 14/470]


Your Lord is Almighty, Merciful

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di made the following incisive point in his work on the principles of Tafsir: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #13

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during June 2016:

♦ If Allah were to Expand their Provision …

Allah says in surah al-Shooraa:

وَلَوْ بَسَطَ اللَّـهُ الرِّزْقَ لِعِبَادِهِ لَبَغَوْا فِي الْأَرْضِ

And if Allah were to expand the provision for His slaves, they would surely commit wrongdoing in the earth [42:27]

Sheikh Muhammad al-Shawkaani offered the following explanation for this in his tafsir:

أي : لو وسع الله لهم رزقهم لبغوا في الأرض ، لعصوا فيها وبطروا النعمة وتكبروا وطلبوا ما ليس لهم طلبه

Meaning: had Allah enlarged their sustenance for them, then they would have committed wrongdoing and disobedience on the earth, and they would have been arrogant and ungrateful for Allah’s blessings, and they would have chased after things which they ought not to seek.

[Fath al-Qadeer pg. 1329]


♦ A Proof for the Obligation of Khushoo’ During the Prayers

In surah al-Nisaa’, Allah commanded the believers:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَقْرَبُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَنتُمْ سُكَارَىٰ حَتَّىٰ تَعْلَمُوا مَا تَقُولُونَ

O you who have believed, do not approach prayer while you are intoxicated until you know what you are saying [4:43]

Commenting on this ayah, Sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen said: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #11

What follows is a collection of various benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during March and April 2016:

♦ Entering into Islam Completely

Allah commands the believers in surah al-Baqarah with the following instruction:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ادْخُلُوا فِي السِّلْمِ كَافَّةً وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ

O you who have believed, enter into Islam completely and do not follow the footsteps of the shaytaan. Indeed, he is a clear enemy to you. [2:208]

Before discussing the various statements of the sahabah, tabi’een and scholars of the salaf regarding this ayah, Ibn Kathir began with the following quick explanation and summary of this important ayah:

[يقول تعالى آمرا عباده المؤمنين به المصدقين برسوله : أن يأخذوا بجميع عرى الإسلام وشرائعه ، والعمل بجميع أوامره ، وترك جميع زواجره ما استطاعوا من ذلك .ـ]

Allah commands those slaves of His who believe in Him and who affirm His Messenger to take up all of the bonds and legislations of Islam, and to act according to all of His commands, and to abandon all of His prohibitions as much as they are able.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 1/566]


♦ The Elevated Status of the Knowledgeable Believer

In surah al-Mujaadilah, Allah informs the believers that:

يَرْ‌فَعِ اللَّـهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ دَرَ‌جَاتٍ

Allah raises in degrees those among you who have believed and those who were given knowledge [58:11] Continue reading