Assorted Qur’an Benefits #19

What follows is a collection of various benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during April, May, June and July of 2017:

♦ O Turner of the Hearts …

In his tafsir of surah Aal ‘Imraan, al-haafidh ibn Kathir mentioned the following narration:

قال ابن أبي حاتم : حدثنا عمرو بن عبد الله الأودي – وقال ابن جرير : حدثنا أبو كريب – قالا جميعا : حدثنا وكيع ، عن عبد الحميد بن بهرام ، عن شهر بن حوشب ، عن أم سلمة ، رضي الله عنها ، أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يقول : ” يا مقلب القلوب ثبت قلبي على دينك ” ثم قرأ : ( ربنا لا تزغ قلوبنا بعد إذ هديتنا وهب لنا من لدنك رحمة إنك أنت الوهاب )

Ibn Abi Haatim recorded … that Umm Salamah said that the Prophet said, “O Turner of hearts, make my heart steady upon Your religion” and then he recited:

 رَبَّنَا لَا تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ

Our Lord, do not let our hearts deviate after You have guided us, and grant us mercy from You. Truly, You are the Bestower. [3:8]

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 2/14]


♦ Fasting Combines All Types of Patience

Sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen made the following remarks:

الصيام صبر على طاعة الله، وصبر عن محارم الله، وصبر على أقدار الله المؤلمة من الجوع والعطش وضعف البدن والنفس؛ فقد اجتمعت فيه أنواع الصبر الثلاثة، وتحقق أن يكون الصائم من الصابرين، وقد قال الله تعالى: {إنما يوفى الصابرون أجرهم بغير حساب} [الزمر:10].ـ

Fasting is exercising patience in the obedience of Allah, and it is also exercising patience against the prohibitions of Allah, and it is also exercising patience in the face of those painful things – such as hurt, thirst, weakness of body and soul – which Allah has ordained.

So all three types of sabr – steadfast patience – are combined in fasting, and so the fasting person becomes one of the sabiroon. And Allah has said:

إِنَّمَا يُوَفَّى الصَّابِرُونَ أَجْرَهُم بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ

Only those who are patient shall receive their rewards in full, without reckoning. [39:10]

[Majmoo’ Fataawaa wa Rasaa’il al-‘Uthaymeen 20/200]


♦ Allah Responds to the Supplication of the Distressed Continue reading

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Assorted Qur’an Benefits #18

We continue our monthly series of “Assorted Qur’an Benefits”. What follows is a collection of various benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during January, February, and March of 2017:

♦ Act According to What You Know

In part of a brief advice directed to the students of the University of Madinah, sheikh ‘Abd al-‘Aziz bin Baaz mentioned:

قد جاء في بعض الآثار( من عمل بما علم أورثه الله علم ما لم يعلم ) وشاهد هذا في كتاب الله سبحانه قوله تعالى : وَالَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا زَادَهُمْ هُدًى وَآتَاهُمْ تَقْوَاهُمْ وقوله سبحانه : وَيَزِيدُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا هُدًى

It has come in some statements of the salaf that “whoever acts according to what he knows, Allah will endow him with knowledge which he does not know”. And a supporting evidence for this in Allah’s Book is His statement:

 وَالَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا زَادَهُمْ هُدًى وَآتَاهُمْ تَقْوَاهُمْ

And those who are guided – He increases them in guidance and gives them their taqwaa. [47:17]

and His statement:

وَيَزِيدُ اللَّـهُ الَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا هُدًى

And Allah increases those who were guided in guidance. [19:76]

[Taken from the sheikh’s website here: https://binbaz.org.sa/article/136]


♦ Allah Gives Them Their Taqwa

Allah says in surah Muhammad:

وَالَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا زَادَهُمْ هُدًى وَآتَاهُمْ تَقْوَاهُمْ

And those who are guided – He increases them in guidance and gives them their taqwa [47:17]

Commenting on this in his tafsir, Imam al-Baghawi wrote:

ـ( وآتاهم تقواهم ) وفقهم للعمل بما أمرهم به ، وهو التقوى

And He gives them their taqwa” – meaning: He grants them the accord to act according to what He has commanded them to do, and that is al-taqwa.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 7/284] Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #16

What follows is a collection of various benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during the months of September and October of 2016:

♦ Sharing in Punishment

Allah informs us about the punishment of the disbelievers in surah al-Zukhruf when He says:

 وَلَن يَنفَعَكُمُ الْيَوْمَ إِذ ظَّلَمْتُمْ أَنَّكُمْ فِي الْعَذَابِ مُشْتَرِكُونَ

And it will not benefit you on that day when you have done wrong that you are sharing in the punishment [43:39]

Sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen commented on this by writing:

وهذا يدل على أن اشتراك الناس في العذاب يخفف عليهم ، لكن في يوم القيامة لا ينفع هؤلاء اشتراكهم في العذاب

This indicates that sharing in punishment usually makes the punishment seem lighter for the people experiencing it, however on the Day of Resurrection this shared experience of punishment of theirs will not benefit them.

[Sharh Usool fee al-Tafsir pg. 343]


♦ Those Whom Allah Will Allow to Speak

In surah al-Naba’a, Allah describes the Day of Judgement by saying:

 يَوْمَ يَقُومُ الرُّوحُ وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ صَفًّا ۖ لَّا يَتَكَلَّمُونَ إِلَّا مَنْ أَذِنَ لَهُ الرَّحْمَـٰنُ وَقَالَ صَوَابًا

The Day that Ar-Ruh and the angels will stand forth in rows, none shall speak except him whom the al-Rahman has allowed, and who spoke what is right. [78:38]

Sheikh Muhammad al-Shawkaani commented on this ayah in his tafsir by writing: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #15

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during August and September of 2016, a period which coincided with the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah and the Hajj:

♦ Restraining Oneself from Base Desires

Allah says in surah al-Naazi’aat:

 وَأَمَّا مَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ وَنَهَى النَّفْسَ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ * فَإِنَّ الْجَنَّةَ هِيَ الْمَأْوَىٰ

But as for him who feared standing before his Lord, and restrained himself from desires. * Verily, Paradise will be his abode. [79:40-41]

Commenting on this in his tafsir, Imam al-Baghawi wrote:

عن المحارم التي تشتهيها ، قال مقاتل : هو الرجل يهم بالمعصية فيذكر مقامه للحساب فيتركها

He restrained himself from the forbidden matters which he desired.

Muqatil said: This is a man who was intending to perform an act of disobedience but then he remembered his appointment for the recompense of his deeds and so abandoned doing that act.”

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 8/331]


And If They Turn Away …

In surah al-Maa’idah, Allah instructs His Messenger: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #14

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during July 2016:

The Reminder Benefits the Believers

In part of his tafsir of surah al-Ghaashiyah, sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen mentioned the following admonition:

ونقول إذا رأيت قلبك لا يتذكر بذكرى فاتهمه ؛ لأن الله يقول : {فَإِنَّ الذِّكْرَىٰ تَنفَعُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ} [الذاريات ٥٥] ، فإذا ذُكرت ولم تجد من قلبك تأثرا وانتفاعا فاتمم نفسك ، واعلم أن فيك نقص إيمان ؛ لأن لو كان إيمانك كاملا لانتفعت بالذكرى ؛ لأن الذكرى لابد أن تنفع المؤمنين . ـ

And we say: if you observe that your heart is not reminded by a reminder then be concerned, for Allah says,

فَإِنَّ الذِّكْرَىٰ تَنفَعُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

indeed, the reminder benefits the believers [51:55]

So if it is reminded and you do not find your heart being affected or benefiting, then be concerned for yourself and know that you have some deficiency of eemaan. For if your eemaan were complete then you would have benefited from the reminder, because a reminder will certainly benefit the believers.”

[al-Tafseer al-Thameen l’il-‘Alaamah al-‘Uthaymeen 14/470]


Your Lord is Almighty, Merciful

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di made the following incisive point in his work on the principles of Tafsir: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #13

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during June 2016:

♦ If Allah were to Expand their Provision …

Allah says in surah al-Shooraa:

وَلَوْ بَسَطَ اللَّـهُ الرِّزْقَ لِعِبَادِهِ لَبَغَوْا فِي الْأَرْضِ

And if Allah were to expand the provision for His slaves, they would surely commit wrongdoing in the earth [42:27]

Sheikh Muhammad al-Shawkaani offered the following explanation for this in his tafsir:

أي : لو وسع الله لهم رزقهم لبغوا في الأرض ، لعصوا فيها وبطروا النعمة وتكبروا وطلبوا ما ليس لهم طلبه

Meaning: had Allah enlarged their sustenance for them, then they would have committed wrongdoing and disobedience on the earth, and they would have been arrogant and ungrateful for Allah’s blessings, and they would have chased after things which they ought not to seek.

[Fath al-Qadeer pg. 1329]


♦ A Proof for the Obligation of Khushoo’ During the Prayers

In surah al-Nisaa’, Allah commanded the believers:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَقْرَبُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَنتُمْ سُكَارَىٰ حَتَّىٰ تَعْلَمُوا مَا تَقُولُونَ

O you who have believed, do not approach prayer while you are intoxicated until you know what you are saying [4:43]

Commenting on this ayah, Sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen said: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #11

What follows is a collection of various benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during March and April 2016:

♦ Entering into Islam Completely

Allah commands the believers in surah al-Baqarah with the following instruction:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ادْخُلُوا فِي السِّلْمِ كَافَّةً وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ

O you who have believed, enter into Islam completely and do not follow the footsteps of the shaytaan. Indeed, he is a clear enemy to you. [2:208]

Before discussing the various statements of the sahabah, tabi’een and scholars of the salaf regarding this ayah, Ibn Kathir began with the following quick explanation and summary of this important ayah:

[يقول تعالى آمرا عباده المؤمنين به المصدقين برسوله : أن يأخذوا بجميع عرى الإسلام وشرائعه ، والعمل بجميع أوامره ، وترك جميع زواجره ما استطاعوا من ذلك .ـ]

Allah commands those slaves of His who believe in Him and who affirm His Messenger to take up all of the bonds and legislations of Islam, and to act according to all of His commands, and to abandon all of His prohibitions as much as they are able.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 1/566]


♦ The Elevated Status of the Knowledgeable Believer

In surah al-Mujaadilah, Allah informs the believers that:

يَرْ‌فَعِ اللَّـهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ دَرَ‌جَاتٍ

Allah raises in degrees those among you who have believed and those who were given knowledge [58:11] Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #10

What follows is a collection of benefits that were originally posted on our Facebook page in December 2015, and January and February of 2016:

♦ Fearing Allah is a Part of Eeemaan

Allah says to the believers in surah Aal ‘Imraan:

 إِنَّمَا ذَٰلِكُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ يُخَوِّفُ أَوْلِيَاءَهُ فَلَا تَخَافُوهُمْ وَخَافُونِ إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ

It is only the Shaytan that suggests to you to fear his allies; so fear them not, but fear Me, if you are indeed believers. (3:175)

In part of his commentary on this ayah, Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di wrote:

وفي هذه الآية وجوب الخوف من الله وحده، وأنه من لوازم الإيمان، فعلى قدر إيمان العبد يكون خوفه من الله، والخوف المحمود: ما حجز العبد عن محارم الله

This ayah shows the obligation of fearing of Allah alone and that this is a necessary part of al-eemaan. For a slave’s fear of Allah is in accordance with his eemaan. And the praiseworthy type of fear is that which restrains the slave from what Allah had made forbidden.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 168]


♦ The Great Value of al-Hamdulillaah

Abu’l-Fidaa’ Ismaa’eel ibn Kathir wrote the following in his tafsir of surah al-Fatihah:

وقال القرطبي في تفسيره ، وفي نوادر الأصول عن أنس عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : لو أن الدنيا بحذافيرها في يد رجل من أمتي ثم قال : الحمد لله ، لكان الحمد لله أفضل من ذلك . قال القرطبي وغيره : أي لكان إلهامه الحمد لله أكبر نعمة عليه من نعم الدنيا ؛ لأن ثواب الحمد لا يفنى ونعيم الدنيا لا يبقى ، قال الله تعالى : المال والبنون زينة الحياة الدنيا والباقيات الصالحات خير عند ربك ثوابا وخير أملا [ الكهف : 46 ] .ـ

al-Qurtubi said in his tafsir: In the book Nawaadir al-Usool, it is reported that Anas narrated that the Prophet said, “If the entire dunya were to be in the hands of a man from among my ummah and then he were to say, ‘alhamdulillaah‘, that alhamdulillaah would be better for him than all of that.” Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #9

What follows is a collection of benefits that were originally posted on our Facebook page during October and November of 2015:

♦ Taqwa and Gratitude

Allah says in surah Aali ‘Imran:

فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

So have taqwa of Allah that you may be grateful (3:123)

Commenting on this, sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di wrote:

قال { فاتقوا الله لعلكم تشكرون } لأن من اتقى ربه فقد شكره، ومن ترك التقوى فلم يشكره

Allah said, “So have taqwa of Allah that you may be grateful” because whoever exercises taqwa of his Lord  has expressed gratitude to Him while whoever leaves off al-taqwa has not been grateful to Him.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 154]


♦ Belief in Allah and the Last Day

Frequently in the Qur’an and the Sunnah, Allah and His messenger pair and emphasize the belief in Allah with the belief in the Day of Judgement when referring to the believers, such as Allah’s statement:

يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّـهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ

They believe in Allah and the Last Day … [3:114]

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di comments on this occurrence of this phrase in his tafsir by explaining: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #8

The following is a collection of benefits originally posted on our Facebook page in June, July, and August of 2015:

♦ Allah does not guide a wrong-doing people

Allah recounts the story of Ibrahim’s debate with the ruler who claimed to give and take life in surah al-Baqarah (2:258). Commenting on part of this, sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di provided the useful clarification of a commonly recurring meaning in the Qur’an:

قال تعالى: { والله لا يهدي القوم الظالمين } بل يبقيهم على كفرهم وضلالهم، وهم الذين اختاروا لأنفسهم ذلك، وإلا فلو كان قصدهم الحق والهداية لهداهم إليه ويسر لهم أسباب الوصول إليه

Allah’s statement:

وَاللَّـهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ

And Allah does not guide a wrong-doing people [2:258]

rather, He causes them to remain upon their disbelief and misguidance, and they are the ones who choose that for themselves. But otherwise, if their intent were the truth and guidance, then He would guide them to it and facilitate the causes of reaching that for them.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 113]


♦ An Etiquette of Supplication

Allah says in surah Fussilat:

وَإِذَا أَنْعَمْنَا عَلَى الإِنْسَانِ أَعْرَضَ وَنَأَىٰ بِجَانِبِهِ وَإِذَا مَسَّهُ شَرُّ فَذُو دُعَاءٍ عَرِضٍ

And when We bestow favor upon man, he turns away and distances himself. But when evil touches him, then he is full of extensive supplication. [41:51]

Commenting on this in his book of tafsir, ibn Kathir wrote: Continue reading