Assorted Qur’an Benefits #27

What follows is a collection of benefits related to the Qur’an which were originally published on our social media pages in the month of July and August 2018:

♦ The Importance of Reciting with Tarteel

While discussing the importance of reciting the Qur’an with tarteel (slow and measured recitation) in his manual of the Qur’anic sciences, al-Suyooti brings the following quote from Imam al-Nawawi:

وقراءة جزء بترتيل أفضل من قراءة جزئين في قدر ذلك الزمان بلا ترتيل

Reciting one juz’ with tarteel is better than reciting two juz’ in the same amount of time without tarteel.

[al-Itqaan fee ‘Uloom al-Qur’an 1/343]


♦ A Parable of Those Who Know the Explanation of the Qur’an

Imam al-Qurtubi mentioned the following narration in part of the introduction to his tafsir:

وقال إياس بن معاوية : مثل الذين يقرءون القرآن وهم لا يعلمون تفسيره ، كمثل قوم جاءهم كتاب من ملكهم ليلا وليس عندهم مصباح ، فتداخلتهم روعة ولا يدرون ما في الكتاب ; ومثل الذي يعرف التفسير كمثل رجل جاءهم بمصباح فقرءوا ما في الكتاب . ـ

Iyaas ibn Mu’aawiyah said: Those who recite the Qur’an without knowing its explanation are a like a people who receive a letter from their king during the night but do not have any lamp. Apprehension comes over them, for they do not know what the letter contains. But the person who knows the explanation is like a man who bring them a lamp so that they can read what is in the letter.

[Tafsir al-Qurtubi 1/41]


♦ Whoever Recites the Qur’an and Follows What it Contains Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #26

What follows is a collection of Qur’anic benefits that were originally posted on our social media pages in May and June of 2018, which overlapped Ramadan of that year. As a result, a number of these benefits are related to Ramadan in one way or another:

♦ Silence is Golden

Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali mentions the following narration in part of his famous commentary on Arba’een al-Nawawi:

وسئل ابن المبارك عن قول لقمان لابنه : إن كان الكلام من فضة ، فإن الصمت من ذهب ، فقال : معناه : لو كان الكلام بطاعة الله من فضة ، فإن الصمت عن معصية الله من ذهب . وهذا يرجع إلى أن الكف عن المعاصي أفضل من عمل الطاعات ، وقد سبق القول في هذا مستوفى .ـ

Ibn al-Mubarak was asked about Luqman’s statement to his son, that “If speech were made of silver, then refraining from speech is made of gold.”

So ibn al-Mubarak said, “The meaning is: that if speech in obedience to Allah were made of silver, then refraining from speech that is disobedience to Allah is made of gold.”

This goes back to the point that refraining from disobedience is better than [voluntary] acts of obedience, and we have already provided a sufficient discussion of that.

[Jaami’ al-‘Uloom wa-‘l-Hikam 1/341 – under hadith #15]


♦The Latter Part is More Virtuous Than the Earlier Part

While discussing the merits of the second half of Ramadan, ibn Rajab al-Hanbali mentioned the following more general point: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #25

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our social media during the months of April and May of 2018:

♦ Expiation of Minor Sins

In his Saheeh, Imam Muslim mentions the hadith of the Prophet that:

 الصَّلَوَاتُ الْخَمْسُ وَالْجُمُعَةُ إِلَى الْجُمُعَةِ وَرَمَضَانُ إِلَى رَمَضَانَ مُكَفِّرَاتٌ مَا بَيْنَهُنَّ إِذَا اجْتَنَبَ الْكَبَائِرَ

The five daily prayers, one jumu’ah to the next, and one Ramadan to the next expiate what is in between them, so long as one avoids the major sins.

Commenting on this hadith, sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di pointed out:

وعلم من هذا الحديث: أن كل نص جاء فيه تكفير بعض الأعمال الصالحة للسيئات، فإنما المراد به الصغائر؛ لأن هذه العبادات الكبار إذا كانت لا تكفر بها الكبائر فكيف بما دونها؟

From this hadith, we come to know that every ayah or hadith that mentions the expiation of sins by way of certain righteous actions is only referring to the expiation of minor sins. For the acts of worship mentioned in this hadith are great acts of worship, so if these do not expiate the major sins, then what about lesser acts of worship?

And he also mentioned:

أما الكبائر فلا بد لها من توبة.ـ

As for the major sins, then they require one to make tawbah.

[Bahjah al-Quloob al-Abrar, hadith #24]


♦ The Sanctity of the Sacred Months

Sheikh ‘Abd al-‘Aziz al-Raajihi wrote the following on his twitter account here on April 1st: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #24

What follows are  brief benefits originally posted on our Facebook and Telegram pages in the end of February and March 2018:

♦ Good Thoughts or Bad Thoughts About Your Lord

Allah says in surah al-Haqqah:

فَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ فَيَقُولُ هَاؤُمُ اقْرَءُوا كِتَابِيَهْ * إِنِّي ظَنَنتُ أَنِّي مُلَاقٍ حِسَابِيَهْ

As for he who is given his record of deeds in his right hand, he will say: come, read my record! * I certainly thought that I would meet my account! [69:19-20]

In his tafsir of these ayaat, Imam al-Qurtubi mentioned:

وقال الحسن في هذه الآية : إن المؤمن أحسن الظن بربه فأحسن العمل وإن المنافق أساء الظن بربه فأساء العمل . ـ

al-Hasan al-Basri commented on this ayah by saying, “The believer thinks well of his Lord, so he does well with his deeds. But the munaafiq thinks ill of his Lord, so he does ill deeds.”

[Jaami’ Li-Ahkam al-Qur’an 18/249]


♦ Taking Time to Contemplate the Qur’an

Imam Maalik ibn Anas recorded the following narration in his Muwatta: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #23

What follows are  brief benefits originally posted on our Facebook and Telegram pages in January and the beginning of February 2018:

♦ The Importance of Learning Arabic

Allah informs us in the first part of surah Ibrahim:

وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا بِلِسَانِ قَوْمِهِ لِيُبَيِّنَ لَهُمْ

And We have not sent any messenger except in the language of his people, in order to make it clear to them… [14:04]

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di mentioned the following point in his explanation of this ayah:

ويستدل بهذه الآية الكريمة على أن علوم العربية الموصلة إلى تبيين كلامه وكلام رسوله أمور مطلوبة محبوبة لله لأنه لا يتم معرفة ما أنزل على رسوله إلا بها إلا إذا كان الناس بحالة لا يحتاجون إليها، وذلك إذا تمرنوا على العربية، ونشأ عليها صغيرهم وصارت طبيعة لهم فحينئذ قد اكتفوا المؤنة، وصلحوا لأن يتلقوا عن الله وعن رسوله ابتداء كما تلقى عنهم الصحابة رضي الله عنهم.ـ

This noble ayah can be used to show that the sciences of the Arabic language which enable one to understand Allah’s speech and the speech of His Messenger are something which are encouraged to learn and beloved to Allah. That is because knowing what Allah sent down to His Messenger can not be fully achieved without learning them.

That is the case, except for those people who do not need to learn those sciences – i.e. those how are accustomed to the Arabic language, having been brought up on it since their youth and it being natural for them. In that case, what they have is sufficient and suitable, for they are able to receive the message from Allah and His Messenger just as the Sahabah (may Allah be pleased with them) did.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 488]


Understanding the Parables of the Qur’an Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #22

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our Facebook page and Telegram Channel in the latter part of December 2017:

♦ Allah does not Charge a Soul Beyond its Ability

Imam ibn Jarir al-Tabari mentioned the following narration in part of his famous tafsir:

 6502 – حَدَّثَنِي الْمُثَنَّى قَالَ : حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي مُعَاوِيَةُ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَوْلَهُ : ” لَا يُكَلِّفُ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا ” قَالَ : هُمُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ ، وَسَّعَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ أَمْرَ دِينِهِمْ ، فَقَالَ اللَّهُ – جَلَّ ثَنَاؤُهُ – : ( وَمَا جَعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ مِنْ حَرَجٍ ) [ سُورَةُ الْحَجِّ : 78 ] ، وَقَالَ : ( يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ ) [ سُورَةُ الْبَقَرَةِ : 185 ] ، وَقَالَ : ( فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ ) [ سُورَةُ التَّغَابُنِ : 16 ] .ـ

… Regarding the ayah:

لَا يُكَلِّفُ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا

Allah does not charge a soul beyond its ability [2:286]

ibn ‘Abbaas said: This is referring to the believers – Allah has made the matter of their religion easy for them. For Allah said:

وَمَا جَعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ مِنْ حَرَجٍ

and He has not placed any difficulty upon you in the religion [22:78]

and He said:

يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ

Allah wants ease for you and He does not want hardship for you [2:185]

and He said:

فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ

Have taqwa of Allah as much as you are able [64:16]

[Tafsir al-Tabari 6/131]


A Description of the Munafiqoon Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #21

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our Facebook page and Telegram Channel in the first part of December 2017:

♦ Ibn Kathir’s Approach to the Qiraa’aat in his Tafsir

The great mufassir al-haafidh Ismaa’eel ibn Kathir explained the approach he took in his tafsir towards linguistic discussion and the qiraa’aat by writing:

 وفي جبريل وميكائيل لغات وقراءات ، تذكر في كتب اللغة والقراءات ، ولم نطول كتابنا هذا بسرد ذلك إلا أن يدور فهم المعنى عليه ، أو يرجع الحكم في ذلك إليه ، وبالله الثقة ، وهو المستعان . ـ

Regarding the words “Jibreel” and “Meekaa’eel” [c.f. 2:98], there are a number of linguistic issues and different recitations which are mentioned in the books of language and qiraa’aat. But we will not elongate this book of ours by going through these topics unless the meaning of an ayah centers around that or unless a legal ruling related to an ayah hinges on one of those things. In Allah do we place our trust, and it is from Him that we seek aid.”

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 1/343]


♦ Continuing Rewards

Allah says in surah al-Tin:

لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ فِي أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ * ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ * إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَلَهُمْ أَجْرٌ غَيْرُ مَمْنُونٍ

We have certainly created man in the best form * then we return him to the lowest of the low * Except for those who believe and do righteous good deeds – for them there is a reward without interruption [95:4-6]

Commenting on these latter two ayaat in his book of tafsir, ibn al-Jawzi wrote:

 وقال النخعي: إذا بلغ المؤمن من الكبر ما يعجز عن العمل كتب له ما كان يعمل، وهو قوله تعالى: فلهم أجر غير ممنون وقال ابن قتيبة: المعنى: إلا الذين آمنوا في وقت القوة والقدرة، فإنهم حال الكبر غير منقوصين وإن عجزوا عن الطاعات، لأن الله تعالى علم أنهم لو لم يسلبهم القوة لم ينقطعوا عن أفعال الخير، فهو يجري لهم أجر ذلك . ـ

Ibrahim al-Nakaa’i said: When a believer reaches old age and is no longer able to perform good deeds, what he used to do will continue to be written for him. This is as Allah says, “For them there is a reward without interruption”. Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #20

What follows is a collection of various benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during August, September, October and November of 2017:

♦ The Knowledge of ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood

Sheikh Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shinqitee mentioned the following narration in part of his tafsir:

وقال ابن مسعود : إذا حدثتكم بحديث أنبأتكم بتصديقه من كتاب الله . أخرجه ابن أبي حاتم . ـ

ibn Mas’ood said, “If any of you were to narrate a hadeeth to me, I can tell you something from Allah’s Book which affirms it.” This was reported by ibn Abi Haatim.

[Adhwaa’ al-Bayaan 2/429]


♦ The Qur’an is the Spring of the Hearts

Imam al-Qurtubi mentioned the following quote in the last part of his tafsir of surah al-Shooraa [42]:

وكان مالك بن دينار يقول : يا أهل القرآن ، ماذا زرع القرآن في قلوبكم ؟ فإن القرآن ربيع القلوب كما أن الغيث ربيع الأرض . ـ

Malik ibn Dinar used to say, “O people of the Qur’an, what has the Qur’an produced in your hearts? For the Qur’an is the spring of the hearts, just as rain is the spring for the earth.”

[Jaami’ li-Ahkam al-Qur’an 16/53]


♦ Be Frequent in Seeking Allah’s Forgiveness

In part of his commentary on surah Aal ‘Imraan [03], Imam al-Qurtubi mentions the following words from the tabi’ee, Makhool: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #19

What follows is a collection of various benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during April, May, June and July of 2017:

♦ O Turner of the Hearts …

In his tafsir of surah Aal ‘Imraan, al-haafidh ibn Kathir mentioned the following narration:

قال ابن أبي حاتم : حدثنا عمرو بن عبد الله الأودي – وقال ابن جرير : حدثنا أبو كريب – قالا جميعا : حدثنا وكيع ، عن عبد الحميد بن بهرام ، عن شهر بن حوشب ، عن أم سلمة ، رضي الله عنها ، أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يقول : ” يا مقلب القلوب ثبت قلبي على دينك ” ثم قرأ : ( ربنا لا تزغ قلوبنا بعد إذ هديتنا وهب لنا من لدنك رحمة إنك أنت الوهاب )

Ibn Abi Haatim recorded … that Umm Salamah said that the Prophet said, “O Turner of hearts, make my heart steady upon Your religion” and then he recited:

 رَبَّنَا لَا تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ

Our Lord, do not let our hearts deviate after You have guided us, and grant us mercy from You. Truly, You are the Bestower. [3:8]

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 2/14]


♦ Fasting Combines All Types of Patience

Sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen made the following remarks:

الصيام صبر على طاعة الله، وصبر عن محارم الله، وصبر على أقدار الله المؤلمة من الجوع والعطش وضعف البدن والنفس؛ فقد اجتمعت فيه أنواع الصبر الثلاثة، وتحقق أن يكون الصائم من الصابرين، وقد قال الله تعالى: {إنما يوفى الصابرون أجرهم بغير حساب} [الزمر:10].ـ

Fasting is exercising patience in the obedience of Allah, and it is also exercising patience against the prohibitions of Allah, and it is also exercising patience in the face of those painful things – such as hurt, thirst, weakness of body and soul – which Allah has ordained.

So all three types of sabr – steadfast patience – are combined in fasting, and so the fasting person becomes one of the sabiroon. And Allah has said:

إِنَّمَا يُوَفَّى الصَّابِرُونَ أَجْرَهُم بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ

Only those who are patient shall receive their rewards in full, without reckoning. [39:10]

[Majmoo’ Fataawaa wa Rasaa’il al-‘Uthaymeen 20/200]


♦ Allah Responds to the Supplication of the Distressed Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #18

We continue our monthly series of “Assorted Qur’an Benefits”. What follows is a collection of various benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during January, February, and March of 2017:

♦ Act According to What You Know

In part of a brief advice directed to the students of the University of Madinah, sheikh ‘Abd al-‘Aziz bin Baaz mentioned:

قد جاء في بعض الآثار( من عمل بما علم أورثه الله علم ما لم يعلم ) وشاهد هذا في كتاب الله سبحانه قوله تعالى : وَالَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا زَادَهُمْ هُدًى وَآتَاهُمْ تَقْوَاهُمْ وقوله سبحانه : وَيَزِيدُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا هُدًى

It has come in some statements of the salaf that “whoever acts according to what he knows, Allah will endow him with knowledge which he does not know”. And a supporting evidence for this in Allah’s Book is His statement:

 وَالَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا زَادَهُمْ هُدًى وَآتَاهُمْ تَقْوَاهُمْ

And those who are guided – He increases them in guidance and gives them their taqwaa. [47:17]

and His statement:

وَيَزِيدُ اللَّـهُ الَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا هُدًى

And Allah increases those who were guided in guidance. [19:76]

[Taken from the sheikh’s website here: https://binbaz.org.sa/article/136]


♦ Allah Gives Them Their Taqwa

Allah says in surah Muhammad:

وَالَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا زَادَهُمْ هُدًى وَآتَاهُمْ تَقْوَاهُمْ

And those who are guided – He increases them in guidance and gives them their taqwa [47:17]

Commenting on this in his tafsir, Imam al-Baghawi wrote:

ـ( وآتاهم تقواهم ) وفقهم للعمل بما أمرهم به ، وهو التقوى

And He gives them their taqwa” – meaning: He grants them the accord to act according to what He has commanded them to do, and that is al-taqwa.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 7/284] Continue reading