Assorted Qur’an Benefits #43

The following are points of benefit originally posted on our social media channels during the month of April 2020:

♦ Qur’an Kareem

Allah swears in surah al-Waaqi’ah that:

إِنَّهُ لَقُرْآنٌ كَرِيمٌ

This is certainly a Qur’an kareem [56:77]

Imam al-Baghawi commented on this by writing:

ـ ( لقرآن كريم ) عزيز مكرم لأنه كلام الله . قال بعض أهل المعاني : الكريم الذي من شأنه أن يعطي الخير الكثير

A Qur’an kareem” – i.e. revered and honored, for it is the speech of Allah.

And some of the linguistic experts said that a person who is al-Kareem is one who, as a part of who he is, gives out great amounts of good.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 8/22]

♦ The Meaning of Kanood

Allah says in surah al-‘Adiyat:

إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ لِرَبِّهِ لَكَنُودٌ

Man is certainly kanood towards his Lord [100:06]

This word Kanood is usually translated as “ungrateful”. In part of his commentary on this ayah, Imam al-Baghawi mentioned the following explanations of this word from some of the salaf:

Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #42

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our social media pages during the second half of March 2020:

♦ On the Name al-Hameed

Allah includes the following ayah in surah al-Buruj regarding the crimes that the People of the Ditch committed against the believers:

وَمَا نَقَمُوا مِنْهُمْ إِلَّا أَن يُؤْمِنُوا بِاللَّـهِ الْعَزِيزِ الْحَمِيدِ

And they only resented them because they believed in Allah, al-‘Azeez al-Hameed [85:08]

Sheikh Salih al-Fawzan commented on the named al-Hameed in this ayah by writing:

ـ<الحميد> المحمود على كل حال ، فما يجري من شيء في هذا الكون من خير أو شر إلا ويحمد عليه ؛ لأن الله لم يخلق الشر لذاته ، وإنما خلقه وأوجده لحكمة ، وهي : الابتلاء والامتحان به ، فهو يحمد على كل حال وعلى أقداره وعلى شرعه وعلى جميع أفعاله ، فليس هناك شيء في أفعاله لا يحمد عليه . ـ

“al-Hameed” – i.e. the One who is worthy of praise in every situation. For nothing in the universe, whether good or bad, takes places without Allah deserving to be praised for it.

That is because Allah did not create evil for its own sake; He only created evil and brought it into existence for a reason, which is to use it as a test and a trial.

So He deserves to be praised in every circumstance, for every thing that He has decreed, for every thing that He has legislated, and for all of His actions. For there is not a single action of His that is not worthy of being praised. Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #41

The following brief benefits were originally published on our social media channels during February and March of 2020:

♦ “That is the Book …”

Allah begins surah al-Baqarah by saying:

الم * ذَٰلِكَ الْكِتَابُ لَا رَيْبَ ۛ فِيهِ

Which could be translated literally as:

Alif Lam Meem * That is the Book about which there is no doubt … [2:1-2]

In part of his commentary on the second ayah, al-Haafidh ibn Kathir wrote:

 وابن جريج : أن ذلك بمعنى هذا ، والعرب تقارض بين هذين الاسمين من أسماء الإشارة فيستعملون كلا منهما مكان الآخر ، وهذا معروف في كلامهم . ـ

Ibn Jurayj said: The word “that” is carrying the meaning of “this”. The Arabs interchange these two demonstrative pronouns and use each of them in place of the other, as is well-known in their way of speaking.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 1/163]

♦ Single Revelation vs Ongoing Revelation

Allah describes Himself in the beginning of surah Aal ‘Imran by saying:

نَزَّلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَأَنزَلَ التَّوْرَاةَ وَالْإِنجِيلَ

He has sent down the Book to you in truth, affirming what came before it, and He sent down the Tawrah and the Injeel [3:3]

Those able to read Arabic will notice that the verb of “to send down” is repeated twice in the ayah but in two different forms. Imam al-Baghawi comments on this subtle difference in his tafsir by writing: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #40

The following is a collection of brief benefits originally posted on our social media pages during January 2020:

♦ Flee to Allah

Allah says in surah al-Dhariyaat:

فَفِرُّوا إِلَى اللَّـهِ ۖ إِنِّي لَكُم مِّنْهُ نَذِيرٌ مُّبِينٌ

So flee to Allah. I am certainly a clear warner to you from Him. [51:50]

In his tafsir of this ayah, sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen said:

[الفرار إلى الله يكون بالقيام بطاعته واجتناب نواهيه لأنه لا ينقذك من عذاب الله إلا أن تقوم بطاعة الله.ـ]

Fleeing to Allah is done by being obedient to Him and avoiding what He has prohibited because nothing can rescue you from Allah’s punishment except for being obedient to Allah.

[Tafsir surah al-Dhariyaat pg. 216]

♦ Allah Guides His Heart

Allah says in surah al-Taghabun:

مَا أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّـهِ ۗ وَمَن يُؤْمِن بِاللَّـهِ يَهْدِ قَلْبَهُ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

No affliction strikes except that it is by Allah’s permission. And whoever believes in Allah – He will guide his heart. And Allah is knowing of all things. [64:11]

al-Haafidh ibn Kathir comments on this ayah by writing: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #39

What follows are the short points of benefit originally posted on our social media channels during December 2019:

♦ Allah Will Enrich Them

While discussing the rulings of marriage in surah al-Nur, Allah says:

وَأَنكِحُوا الْأَيَامَىٰ مِنكُمْ وَالصَّالِحِينَ مِنْ عِبَادِكُمْ وَإِمَائِكُمْ ۚ إِن يَكُونُوا فُقَرَاءَ يُغْنِهِمُ اللَّـهُ مِن فَضْلِهِ

And marry the unmarried among you and the righteous among your male slaves and female slaves. If they are poor, Allah will enrich them from His bounty (24:32)

Imam al-Baghawi mentioned the following in the end of his commentary on this ayah:

قوله – عز وجل – : ( إن يكونوا فقراء يغنهم الله من فضله والله واسع عليم ) قيل : الغنى هاهنا : القناعة . وقيل : اجتماع الرزقين ، رزق الزوج ورزق الزوجة . وقال عمر : عجبت لمن ابتغى الغنى بغير النكاح ، والله – عز وجل – يقول : ( إن يكونوا فقراء يغنهم الله من فضله )ـ

Some said the the meaning of “enrichment” here is contentment, while others said that it refers to the joining of two provisions: the provisions of the husband and the provisions of the wife.

‘Umar said, “I am amazed by those who seek wealth but do not get married when Allah says, ‘If they are poor, Allah will enrich them from His bounty.'”

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 6/40]

♦ Allah Will Provide For You

Allah says in surah Taha:

وَأْمُرْ أَهْلَكَ بِالصَّلَاةِ وَاصْطَبِرْ عَلَيْهَا ۖ لَا نَسْأَلُكَ رِزْقًا ۖ نَّحْنُ نَرْزُقُكَ ۗ وَالْعَاقِبَةُ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ

And command your people to pray, and be steadfast in doing so. We do not ask you for provision: We provide for you. And the good outcome is for those with taqwa. (20:132)

al-Haafidh ibn Kathir commented on this ayah by writing: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #38

What follows are the short points of benefit originally posted on the Tulayhah social media channels in the second half of November 2019:

♦ Your Record of Deeds

Allah describes some of the events of the Day of Resurrection in surah al-Israa’, including what will be said to the people when their records are presented to them:

اقْرَأْ كِتَابَكَ كَفَىٰ بِنَفْسِكَ الْيَوْمَ عَلَيْكَ حَسِيبًا

Read your book. You yourself are sufficient as a reckoner against yourself this Day [17:14]

Imam al-Qurtubi included the following in his brief commentary on this ayah:

وقال بعض الصلحاء : هذا كتاب ، لسانك قلمه ، وريقك مداده ، وأعضاؤك قرطاسه . ، أنت كنت المملي على حفظتك ، ما زيد فيه ولا نقص منه ، ومتى أنكرت منه شيئا يكون فيه الشاهد منك عليك .ـ

One of the righteous people said: This is the book – your tongue is its pen, your saliva is its ink, your limbs are its pages, and you are the one dictating it to your scribe. There are no extra additions nor any parts missing from it, and if you were to take issue with any part of what is recorded, there would be an evidence within it from your own self against you.”

[Tafsir al-Qurtubi 10/230] Continue reading

Rejecting the Sunnah in Order to Reinterpret the Qur’an: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool

In 2015, Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool, a professor at Umm al-Qura University in Mecca, wrote a series of posts on his personal blog entitled “The Types of People Who Reject the Sunnah”. We have translated all six installments of this series and present them to you below:

الذين ينكرون السنة أصناف؛ – منهم من ينكر السنة من أصلها ويردها كالقرآنيين. – ومنهم من يرد السنة الآحادية؛ لأنها ظنية بزعمه. – ومنهم من يثبت الحكم الشرعي بالآحاد، ولا يثبت الحكم العقدي إلا بالمتواتر. فلا تثبت عنده سنة احادية بظني، والآحاد عنده كله ظني. – ومنهم من يزعم أنه لا يرد السنة ولكن يطعن في كتبها ويشكك في ثبوتها من جهة دعوى اختلاق أسانيدها. – ومنهم من لا يقبل إلا السنة المنقول بعمل المسلمين ويرد ما عداها. – ومنهم من يطعن في أفراد من الأحاديث ليتوصل بذلك إلى التشكيك في كتب السنة الصحيحة. – ومنهم من يطعن في أعلام الحديث الناقلين للسنة. فهذه أصناف من الطاعنين في السنة، وهدفهم في النهاية إسقاط الدين. ـ

[Part One]

Those who reject the Sunnah fall into several different categories.

• There are those who deny and reject the Sunnah at its very core, such as the Qur’aniyyoon.

• There are those who reject the parts of the Sunnah transmitted through only one narrator because, according to them, such things cannot be confirmed with certainty.

• There are those who affirm legal rulings transmitted through only one narrator but do not affirm points of ‘aqeedah unless they come through multiple independent corroborating chains of narration. So they do not affirm these singular chains of narration due to their uncertain nature, and they claim that all such singular narrations are of uncertain authenticity.

Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #37

The following short quotes and excerpts were originally published on our social media channels during November 2019:

♦ Those Who Recite the Qur’an but Do Not Know its Tafsir

In part of the introduction to his famous book of tafsir, Imam al-Qurtubi mentioned the following statement:
وقال إياس بن معاوية : مثل الذين يقرءون القرآن وهم لا يعلمون تفسيره كمثل قوم جاءهم كتاب من ملكهم ليلا وليس عندهم مصباح فتداخلتهم روعة ولا يدرون ما في الكتاب ومثل الذي يعرف التفسير كمثل رجل جاءهم بمصباح فقرءوا ما في الكتاب. ـ
Iyaas ibn Mu’awiyah said, “Those who recite the Qur’an but do not know its tafsir are like a people who received a letter from their king during the night but do not have any lamp with them, so alarm comes over them and they do not know what the letter contains. But one who knows its tafsir is like a man who brings them a lamp so that they can read what the letter contains.”
[Tafsir al-Qurtubi 1/41]

♦ A Light for the Munafiqoon

Allah describes the munafiqoon in surah al-Nisaa’ by saying:

إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ يُخَادِعُونَ اللَّـهَ وَهُوَ خَادِعُهُمْ

Indeed, the hypocrites [think to] deceive Allah, but He is deceiving them. [4:142]

In his explanation of this, Imam al-Qurtubi mentioned the following narration: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #36

The following short quotes and excerpts were originally published on our social media channels during the second half of October 2019:

♦ The Virtue of Teaching the Qur’an

Allah says in surah Fussilat:

وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ قَوْلًا مِّمَّن دَعَا إِلَى اللَّـهِ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا وَقَالَ إِنَّنِي مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

And who is better in speech than one who invites to Allah and does righteousness and says, “Indeed, I am of the Muslims.” [41:33]

Ibn Hajr al-‘Asqalani mentioned this ayah in his explanation of Imam al-Bukhari’s chapter entitled “The Best of You Are Those Who Learn the Qur’an and Teach it” and commented on the first quality mentioned in the ayah by saying:

وَالدُّعَاءُ إِلَى اللَّهِ يَقَعُ بِأُمُورٍ شَتَّى ، مِنْ جُمْلَتِهَا تَعْلِيمُ الْقُرْآنِ وَهُوَ أَشْرَفُ الْجَمِيع

Calling to Allah can be done through many different ways, one of which is teaching the Qur’an, which is the most noble of them all.

[Fath al-Bari 9/76]

Sabr in the Qur’an

In his work dedicated to the virtues of Sabr and Shukr (steadfast patience and gratitude), Imam ibn al-Qayyim preceded his discussion of the places where Sabr is mentioned in the Qur’an by writing: Continue reading

Assorted Qur’an Benefits #35

The following short quotes and excerpts were originally published on our social media channels during the first half of October 2019:

♦ The Sickness and the Cure

Allah says in surah al-Israa’:

إِنَّ هَـٰذَا الْقُرْآنَ يَهْدِي لِلَّتِي هِيَ أَقْوَمُ وَيُبَشِّرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ الصَّالِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ أَجْرًا كَبِيرًا

This Qur’an certainly guides to that which is most correct and gives glad tidings to the believers who do righteous good deeds that there will be a great reward for them. [17:9]

In his book of narration-based tafsir, Jalal al-Deen al-Suyooti wrote the following under this ayah:

 وأخرج ابن أبي حاتم عن قتادة في الآية قال : إن هذا القرآن يدلكم على دائكم ودوائكم؛ فأما داؤكم فالذنوب والخطايا، وأما دواؤكم فالاستغفار . ـ

Ibn Abi Haatim brought the following quote from Qatadah under his explanation of this ayah:

Indeed, this Qur’an shows you your sickness and your cure. As for your sickness, it is sins and errors, and as for your cure, it is seeking Allah’s forgiveness.

[al-Durr al-Manthoor 9/622]

♦ “We Offered the Trust to the Heavens and the earth and the mountains …”

Allah informs us in surah al-Ahzab:

إِنَّا عَرَضْنَا الْأَمَانَةَ عَلَى السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَالْجِبَالِ فَأَبَيْنَ أَن يَحْمِلْنَهَا وَأَشْفَقْنَ مِنْهَا وَحَمَلَهَا الْإِنسَانُ ۖ إِنَّهُ كَانَ ظَلُومًا جَهُولًا

Indeed, we offered the Trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, and they declined to bear it and feared it; but man took it upon himself. Indeed, he was unjust and ignorant. [33:72] Continue reading