Khutbah related to ‘Eid al-Adhaa: Imam al-Sa’di

Before his death in the middle of 1376AH (1956CE), sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di had already written drafts of the khutbahs he planned to deliver for each Friday for the remainder of the year. One of the final khutbahs included in these drafts was scheduled to be delivered on Friday the 15th of Dhu’l-Hijjah, the first Friday khutbah after the ‘Eid al-Adhaa. Sheikh al-Sa’di wrote:

خطبة ثالثة لذي الحجة
The Third Khutbah of the month of Dhu’l-Hijjah

الحمد لله الذي جعل مواسم الخيرات وأوقات النفل للأبرار نزلا ، ووفقهم للقيام بحقها واغتنام فرصها فلم يرتضى بسواها بدلا ، وجعل لهم حظا وافرا من الباقيات الصالحات التي هي خير ثوابا وخير أملا . ـ

All praise is due to Allah who made the seasons of goodness and times of striving a gift for the righteous ones, and who granted them the accord to give these seasons and times their due and to seize the opportunities they present for He would not be pleased with anything other than that, and who made an abundant bounty of the lasting good deeds – which hold the best of rewards and good hopes – for those righteous ones.

فسبحان من يختص بحكمته ورحمته ما شاء من أزمنة وأمكنة وأعمال ، وتبارك من له الأوصاف الكاملة وله الفضل على خلقه والأفضال . ـ

Exalted is He who – out of His wisdom and mercy – has singled out whatever times, places and actions He wished. Blessed is He who has the most perfect of attributes and grants the best of bounties to His creation.

ونشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له ولا ند ولا مثال . ونشهد أن محمدا عبده ورسوله أوفى العالمين كلهم في خصال الخير والكمال . اللهم صل على محمد وعلى آله وصحبه خير صحب وأشرف آل ، وسلم تسليما . ـ

We bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except for Allah alone, without any equal or peer. And we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and messenger, the most complete of all creation in good and perfect qualities.

O Allah, bestow peace and blessings upon Muhammad, upon his family and upon his family – the best of companions and the most noble of families.

أما بعد : أيها الناس ؛ اتقوا ربكم واشكروه على ما خصكم به من الفضل والإنعام ، ويسّر لكم كل طريق وسبب يوصلكم دار السلام . ـ

To proceed: O people! Exercise taqwa of your Lord and be grateful to Him for the blessings and bounties which He has provided for you all to the exclusion of others, and for the fact that He has facilitated every path and means for you to make your way to the abode of peace [i.e. Paradise].

Continue reading

Which are More Virtuous, the First Ten of Dhu’l-Hijjah or the Last Ten of Ramadan?

A question was posed to Sheikh al-Islaam ibn Taymiyah: Which are more virtuous, the first ten of Dh’ul-Hijjah or the last ten of Ramadan? So he replied:

أيام عشر ذي الحجة أفضل من أيام العشر من رمضان، والليالي العشر الأواخر من رمضان أفضل من ليالي عشر ذي الحجة

The days of the first ten of Dhu’l-Hijjah are more virtuous than the days of the last ten of Ramadan while the nights of the last ten of Ramadan are more virtuous than the nights of the first ten of Dhu’l-Hijjah.

[Majmoo’ al-Fataawa 25/154]

Ibn Taymiyah’s student Ibn al-Qayyim commented and elaborated upon his teacher’s response in one of his own works by writing:

وإذا تأمل الفاضل اللبيب هذا الجواب وجده شافيا كافيا، فإنه ليس من أيام العمل فيها أحب إلى الله من أيام عشر ذي الحجة. وفيها يوم عرفة ويوم النحر ويوم التروية. وأما ليالي عشر رمضان فهي ليالي الأحياء التي كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يحييها كلها، وفيها ليلة خير من ألف شهر. فمن أجاب بغير هذا التفصيل، لم يمكنه أن يدلي بحجة صحيحة

If one were to consider the honor and sensibleness of this answer, he would find it to be comprehensive and sufficient. Indeed, there are no days in which deeds are more beloved to Allah than the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah – and they contain the Day of ‘Arafah, the Day of the Sacrifice, and the Day of Tarwiyah [the 9th, 10th, and 8th days, respectively]. Continue reading

Khutbah at the Close of the Year: Imam al-Sa’di

In a collection of more than 400 of his sermons, Imam ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di wrote the following khutbah related to the end of the (Hijri calendar) year, the passing of time and the believer’s response to these phenomena.

خطبة في ختام العام

Khutbah at the Close of the Year

الحمد لله منشئ الأيام والشهور ، ومفني الأعوام والدهور ، وميسر الميسور ومقدر المقدور ، يعلم خائنة الأعين وما تخفي الصدور . ـ

All praise belongs to Allah, the Creator of the days and months and the One who causes the years and time to pass away, the One who facilitates what is made easy and who apportions out what is decreed to happen. He knows the betrayals of the eyes and what the hearts conceal.

وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله الغفور الشكور . وأشهد أن محمدا عبده ورسوله أفضل آمر وأجل مأمور . ـ

I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah; the Forgiving, the Appreciative. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger; the best of those who command and the loftiest of those who were commanded.

اللهم صل وسلم وبارك على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وأصحابه وضاعف اللهم لهم الأجور . ـ

O Allah, grant Your praise, blessings and salutations to our prophet, Muhammad, and to his family and his companions, and O Allah multiply the rewards for them!

أما بعد : أيها الناس ؛ اتقوا الله تعالى حق تقواه ، وتوبوا إليه وأطيعوه تدركوا رضاه . ـ

To proceed: O people, have taqwa of Allah as He deserves to be feared, repent to Him and obey Him that you might attain His pleasure!

عباد الله : تصرمت الأعوام عاما بعد عام ، وأنتم في غفلتكم ساهون نيام ، أما تشاهدون مواقع المنايا ؟ وحلول الآفات والرزايا ! وكيف فاز وأفلح المتقون ؟ وكيف خاب وخسر المبطلون والمفرطون ؟ ـ

Slaves of Allah! The years are being cut off one after the other while you in your heedlessness are neglectful as if sleeping! Haven’t you witnessed the decreed events, or the oncoming of vices and harms? How the muttaqoon have succeeded and prospered? Or how the wasteful ones and those upon falsehood regretted and lost? Continue reading

The Three Legislated ‘Eids for the Believers: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali

In his discussion of the virtue of the Day of ‘Arafah and the Day of Sacrifice (the 9th and 10th days of the month of Dhu’l-Hijjah, respectively), Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali wrote the following:

في الصحيحين عن عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنه أن رجلا من اليهود له: يا أمير المؤمنين آية في كتابكم لو علينا معشر اليهود نزلت لا تخذنا اليهود نزلت لا تخذنا ذلك اليوم عيدا فقال: أي آية: قال: {الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْأِسْلامَ دِيناً} [المائدة: 3] فقال عمر: إني لأعلم اليوم الذي نزلت فيه والمكان الذي نزلت فيه: نزلت ورسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قائم بعرفة يوم الجمعة وخرج الترمذي عن ابن عباس نحوه وقال فيه: نزلت في يوم عيد من يوم جمعة ويوم عرفة. ـ

It comes in the Saheehayn on the authority of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab that a man from the Jews said to him, “O Ameer al-Mu’mineen, there is an ayah in your book that if it were to have been revealed to we Jewish people, then the Jews would have taken that day as an ‘Eid.” So he said, “Which ayah is that?” He replied:

الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَ‌ضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا

This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion [5:3]

So ‘Umar said, “Indeed, I know the day on which it was revealed and the place in which it was revealed: it was revealed while the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) was standing at ‘Arafah on the day of Jumu’ah.”

The likes of this was narrated by al-Tirmidhi on the authority of ibn ‘Abbaas and he said about it, “It was revealed during a day of ‘Eid – the day of Jumu’ah and the day of ‘Arafah.”

والعيد هو موسم الفرح والسرور وأفراح المؤمنين وسرورهم في الدنيا إنما هو بمولاهم إذا فازوا بإكمال طاعته وحازوا ثواب أعمالهم بوثوقهم بوعده لهم عليها بفضله ومغفرته كما قال تعالى: {قُلْ بِفَضْلِ اللَّهِ وَبِرَحْمَتِهِ فَبِذَلِكَ فَلْيَفْرَحُوا هُوَ خَيْرٌ مِمَّا يَجْمَعُونَ} [يونس: 58] قال بعض العارفين: ما فرح أحد بغير الله إلا بغفلته عن الله فالغافل يفرح بلهوه وهواه والعاقل يفرح بمولاه وأنشد سمنون في هذا المعنى: ـ

And the ‘Eid is a time of joy and happiness, and the joys and happinesses of the believers in this worldly life are only in their Lord when they achieve the completion of obedience to Him and attain the rewards of their deeds with their being certain of His promise of those rewards to them due to His bounty and forgiveness. This is as He has said:

قُلْ بِفَضْلِ اللَّهِ وَبِرَحْمَتِهِ فَبِذَلِكَ فَلْيَفْرَحُوا هُوَ خَيْرٌ مِمَّا يَجْمَعُونَ

Say, “In the bounty of Allah and in His mercy – in that let them rejoice; it is better than what they accumulate.” [10:58]

And one of the cognizant ones said, “What joy does one have in other than Allah except out of his own heedlessness of Allah?” For the heedless one rejoices in his idle amusements and desires while the intelligent one rejoices in his Lord. Continue reading

Khutbah regarding Hajj: Imam al-Sa’di

The following khutbah was one of several on the subject of the Hajj found in a collection of more than 400 sermons of sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di:

خطبة أولى في الحجّ

First Khutbah on the subject of the Hajj

الحمد لله الذي فرض الحج لبيته الحرام ، وجعل قصده مُكفِّراً للذنوب والآثام ، ولم يرض لمن أكمله وقام بحقوقه جزاء إلا الفوز برضوانه في دار السلام . ـ

All praise is due to Allah, the One who has ordained Hajj (pilgrimage) to His sacred house, and He made its purpose an expiation of sins and wrong-doings, and He is not pleased with anyone who completes it and fulfills its rights except that He would reward him with the attainment of His pleasure in the abode of peace.

أحمده أن جعل هذا البيت مثابة للناس وأمنا ، وجعل أفئدة من الناس تهوي إليه محبة وشوقا ، فهم يترددون إليه ويزدادون لهفا عليه وتوقا ، فقلوبهم على الدوام تحنّ إليه ، وعاجزهم يتأسّف لانقطاعه عن الوصول إليه . ـ

I praise Him for making this House a place of refuge and safety for mankind. He made the hearts of mankind to incline towards it with love and and desire, so they frequently return to it and increase in longing and yearning for it. So their hearts are always pining for it, and those of them who are unable grieve at being cut off from finding a way to it. Continue reading

Eemaan, jihaad and Hajj mabroor: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali

Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali writes the following under the chapter heading, “Concerning the Hajj, it’s virtues and an incitement to perform it”:

في الصحيحين [ عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : أفضل الأعمال إيمان بالله و رسوله ثم جهاد في سبيل الله ثم حج مبرور ] هذه الأعمال الثلاثة ترجع في الحقيقة إلى عملين

In the Saheehayn, Abu Huyayrah narrated that the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “The best of deeds is eemaan in Allah and His messenger, then jihaad in the path of Allah, then Hajj mabroor.” These three deeds, in reality, return back to being two deeds.

أحدهما : الإيمان بالله و رسوله و هو التصديق الجازم بالله و ملائكته و كتبه و رسله و اليوم الآخر كما فسر النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم الإيمان بذلك في سؤال جبريل و في غيره من الأحاديث و قد ذكر الله تعالى الإيمان بهذه الأصول في مواضع كثيرة من كتابه كأول البقرة و وسطها و آخرها

The first of them is al-eemaan in Allah and His messenger, and that is firm affirmation of Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers and the Last Day as they are explained by the Prophet (ﷺ). Having eemaan in that was in the question of Jibreel and others besides him in various aahaadeeth, and Allah the Almighty has mention al-eemaan with this foundation in numerous places in His book, such as the beginning of surah al-Baqarah and its middle and its end. Continue reading

Ibn Rajab on the First 10 Days of Dhul-Hijjah

In his book, Lataa’if al-Ma’aarif, which focuses on the deeds and actions with which Allah has distinguished certain times of the year, Imam ibn Rajab al-Hanbali discusses the merits of the first ten days of the month of Dhul-Hijjah, starting with the hadeeth from the Prophet:

خرج البخاري من حديث ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رضي الله عنهما عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ: مَا الْعَمَلُ فِي أَيَّامٍ أَفْضَلَ مِنْهَا فِي هَذِهِ. قَالُوا: وََلا الْجِهَادُ، قَالَ: وََلا الْجِهَادُ، إَِلا رَجُلٌ خَرَجَ يُخَاطِرُ بِنَفْسِهِ وَمَالِهِ فَلَمْ يَرْجِعْ بِشَيْءٍ.

al-Bukhari narrates the hadeeth from Ibn ‘Abbaas that the Prophet said, “No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these [first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah].” Then some companions of the Prophet said, “Not even jihaad?” He replied, “Not even jihaad, except in the case of a man who went out to fight expending himself and his wealth, and came back with nothing.”

al-Haafidh Ibn Rajab then proceeds to explain this hadeeth by writing:

وقد دلت هذه الأحاديث على أن العمل في أيام ذي الحجة أحب إلى الله من العمل في أيام الدنيا من غير استثناء شيء منها، وإذا كان أحب إلى الله فهو أفضل عنده. وقد ورد هذا الحديث بلفظ [ما من أيام العمل فيها أفضل من أيام عشر]. وروي بشك في لفظه أحب أو أفضل. و إذا كان العمل في أيام العشر أفضل و أحب إلى الله من العمل في غير من أيام السنة كلها, صار العمل فيه, وإن كان مفضولا, أفضل من العمل في غير وإن كان فاضلا ولهذا قالوا: يا رسول الله ولا الجهاد في سبيل الله؟ قال: ” ولا الجهاد في سبيل الله “، ثم استثنى جهاداً واحداً هو أفضل الجهاد .

This hadeeth has shown that deeds in the [first ten] days of Dhul-Hijjah are more beloved to Allah than deeds in (any) other days of this dunya without any exception at all. And if they are more beloved to Allah then they are more virtuous in His sight.

And this hadeeth has also been narrated with the wording, “There are no days in which actions are more virtuous than the ten days,” and it was narrated with some uncertainty in the wording as to whether it was “more beloved” or “more virtuous”.

And if deeds done in the ten days [of Dhul-Hijjah] are more virtuous and more beloved to Allah than deeds done during any other time of the entire year, then deeds performed in those days – even if if they are not the most meritorious – become more meritorious than deeds done at other times – even if those are more meritorious. And concerning this they [i.e. the companions] said, “O Messenger of Allah! Not even jihaad in the path of Allah?” He said, “Not even jihaad in the path of Allah”, and then he made the exception of one certain type of jihaad which is the best of jihaad.

And Ibn Rajab went on to write in the same section:

و أما بقية أنواع الجهاد فإن العمل في عشر ذي الحجة أفضل وأحب إلى الله عز وجل منها, و كذلك سائر الاعمال. وهذ يدل على أنّ العمل المفضول في الوقت الفاضل يلتحق بالعمل الفاضل في غيره, و يزيد عليه لمضاعفة ثوابه و أجره

But as for the remaining types of jihaad, then definitely the deeds in the [first] ten of Dhul-Hijjah are more virtuous and more beloved to Allah – Azza wa jall – than that, and the same goes for all other remaining deeds. And this shows that meritorious actions performed in a virtuous time overtake meritorious actions in other times, and the reward and recompense for them is increased and multiplied.

[Lataa’if al-Ma’aarif, pg 458-459]

Ibn Rajab continues on to discuss the merits of different categories of deeds during these days and to give a series of in-depth examinations of the narrations and issues concerning them. For anyone who can read the Arabic language, this amazing wealth of a text is available for download here.

See also: The Sacred Months

See also: Khutbah regarding Hajj: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: Eemaan, jihaad and Hajj mabroor: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali

See also: The Multiplication of Rewards and its Causes: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: Voluntary Fasting in Muharram and its virtues: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali

See also: The Month of Rajab

See also: Which are More Virtuous, the First Ten of Dhu’l-Hijjah or the Last Ten of Ramadan?