“And We have not created the heaven and the earth and all that is between them without purpose!” : Tafsir al-Sa’di

Allah the Exalted says in His Book in surah saad:

وَمَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاءَ وَالْأَرْ‌ضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا بَاطِلًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ ظَنُّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُ‌وا ۚ فَوَيْلٌ لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُ‌وا مِنَ النَّارِ‌ * أَمْ نَجْعَلُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ كَالْمُفْسِدِينَ فِي الْأَرْ‌ضِ أَمْ نَجْعَلُ الْمُتَّقِينَ كَالْفُجَّارِ‌ * كِتَابٌ أَنزَلْنَاهُ إِلَيْكَ مُبَارَ‌كٌ لِّيَدَّبَّرُ‌وا آيَاتِهِ وَلِيَتَذَكَّرَ‌ أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ

And We have not created the heaven and the earth and all that is between them without purpose! That is the thought of those who disbelieve! So woe to those who disbelieve on account of the Fire! * Shall We treat those who believe and do good works as those who spread corruption in the earth; or shall We treat the pious as the wicked? * [This is] a blessed Book which We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], that they might reflect upon its verses and that those of understanding would be reminded. [38:27-29]

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di, in his book of tafsir, wrote about these ayaat:

يخبر تعالى عن تمام حكمته في خلقه السماوات والأرض، وأنه لم يخلقهما باطلا، أي‏:‏ عبثا ولعبا من غير فائدة ولا مصلحة‏.‏

Allah the Exalted informs us of the completeness of His wisdom in creating the heavens and the earth, and that these were not created without purpose – meaning in vain or as an amusement without any benefit or objective.

‏{‏ذَلِكَ ظَنُّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا‏}‏ بربهم، حيث ظنوا ما لا يليق بجلاله‏.‏ ‏{‏فَوَيْلٌ لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنَ النَّارِ‏}‏ فإنها التي تأخذ الحق منهم، وتبلغ منهم كل مبلغ‏.‏

That is the thought of those who disbelieve!” in their Lord, since they think that they will not meet Him. “So woe to those who disbelieve on account of the Fire!” for certainly that will be justified upon them, and each one will be taken to account.

وإنما خلق اللّه السماوات والأرض بالحق وللحق، فخلقهما ليعلم العباد كمال علمه وقدرته وسعة سلطانه، وأنه تعالى وحده المعبود، دون من لم يخلق مثقال ذرة من السماوات والأرض، وأن البعث حق، وسيفصل اللّه بين أهل الخير والشر‏.‏

Allah only created the heavens and the earth in truth and for truth, for He created them in order that the slaves may know the complete perfection of His Actions and His Power and the vast extent of His Authority. For verily He alone is worthy of worship, in exclusion of those who never created a speck of the heavens and earth, and [in order to] raise up the truth, and for Allah to clearly distinguish between the people of good and evil. Continue reading