“There is no one who does not have a Qareen from the Jinn”: Sharḥ al-Nawawi

Imam Muslim recorded that ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood said:

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ مَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ إِلاَّ وَقَدْ وُكِّلَ بِهِ قَرِينُهُ مِنَ الْجِنِّ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا وَإِيَّاكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ ‏”‏ وَإِيَّاىَ إِلاَّ أَنَّ اللَّهَ أَعَانَنِي عَلَيْهِ فَأَسْلَمَ فَلاَ يَأْمُرُنِي إِلاَّ بِخَيْرٍ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “There is no one among you except that he has a qareen [companion] from the jinn.” They (the Companions) said, “And you too, O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “And me as well, but Allah helped me against him and so I am safe, so he does not command me except with good.”

[Saheeh Muslim #2814]

Imam al-Nawawi, in his commentary on Saheeh Muslim, wrote the following about this hadeeth:

قوله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ( ما منكم من أحد إلا وقد وكل به قرينه من الجن ، قالوا : وإياك ؟ قال : وإياي إلا أن الله أعانني عليه فأسلم فلا يأمرني إلا بخير ) ( فأسلم ) برفع الميم وفتحها ، وهما روايتان مشهورتان فمن رفع قال : معناه : أسلمُ أنا من شره وفتنته ، ومن فتح قال : إن القرين أسلمَ ، من الإسلام وصار مؤمنا لا يأمرني إلا بخير ، واختلفوا في الأرجح منهما  .

His (ﷺ) statement, “‘There is no one among you except that he has a qareen [companion] from the jinn.’ They (the Companions) said, ‘And you too, O Messenger of Allah?’ He said, ‘And me as well, but Allah helped me against him and so I am safe, so he does not command me except with good.’” – “So I am safe” with a fatḥah on the letter meem. And there are two well-known narrations of this word, and those who place a dummah on the meem say, “It means: I am safe from his evil and trials.” And those who place a fatḥah on the meem say, “[it means] Verily the Qareen submitted himself in al-Islaam and he became a mu’min, so he does not command anything except for good.” And they differed on the correct meaning between these two.

فقال الخطابي : الصحيح المختار الرفع ، ورجح القاضي عياض الفتح وهو المختار ، لقوله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ” فلا يأمرني إلا بخير “

So al-Khattaabi said, “What is correct is with a dummah [i.e. ‘I am safe‘],” and al-Qaadhi ‘Iyaad preferred it with a fatḥah [i.e. ‘he has submitted’] and that was his choice due to the Prophet’s statement, “so he does not command me except with good“.

واختلفوا على رواية الفتح ، قيل : أسلم بمعنى استسلم وانقاد ، وقد جاء هكذا في غير صحيح مسلم ( فاستسلم ) وقيل : معناه صار مسلما مؤمنا ، وهذا هو الظاهر

And they differed about the narration with the fatḥah [i.e. ‘he has submitted’]. It is said: It means he has submitted and succumbed, and that has come outside of Saheeh Muslim as “so he submitted. And it is said: It means he became a believing Muslim, and this is what is apparent.

قال القاضي : واعلم أن الأمة مجتمعة على عصمة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم من الشيطان في جسمه وخاطره ولسانه . وفي هذا الحديث إشارة إلى التحذير من فتنة القرين ووسوسته وإغوائه ، فأعلمنا بأنه معنا لنحترز منه بحسب الإمكان

Al-Qaadhi said: And know that the ummah has unanimously agreed upon the ‘ismah of the Prophet (ﷺ) from the shaytaan in terms of his body, his mind and his tongue. And in this hadeeth is an indication to beware of the fitnah of the qareen, and of his waswasah and his temptations. So it is informing us to be careful of him as much as possible.

[Sharḥ al-Nawawi ‘alaa Muslim #2814]

See also: Do not delve deeply into the affairs of the Unseen: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali

See also: Imam al-Nawawi on the Fitrah

See also: Dealing with the human shayaateen and the jinn shayaateen: Imam al-Shinqitee

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One thought on ““There is no one who does not have a Qareen from the Jinn”: Sharḥ al-Nawawi

  1. Pingback: The Shaytaan and his tribe see you from where you do not see them: ibn Taymiyah | Tulayhah

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