Dealing with the human shayaateen and the jinn shayaateen: Imam al-Shinqitee

Allah says towards the end of surah al-A’araaf:

خُذِ الْعَفْوَ وَأْمُرْ‌ بِالْعُرْ‌فِ وَأَعْرِ‌ضْ عَنِ الْجَاهِلِينَ * وَإِمَّا يَنزَغَنَّكَ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ نَزْغٌ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّـهِ ۚ إِنَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ

Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the ignorant. And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shaytan then seek refuge with Allah. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower. [7:199-200]
Commenting on this ayah in his book of tafsir, Imam al-Shinqitee wrote:
بين في هذه الآية الكريمة ما ينبغي أن يعامل به الجهلة من شياطين الإنس والجن . فبين أن شيطان الإنس يعامل باللين ، وأخذ العفو ، والإعراض عن جهله وإساءته . وأن شيطان الجن لا منجى منه إلا بالاستعاذة بالله منه ، قال في الأول : خذ العفو وأمر بالعرف وأعرض عن الجاهلين [ 7 \ 199 ] ، وقال في الثاني : وإما ينزغنك من الشيطان نزغ فاستعذ بالله إنه سميع عليم [ 7 \ 200 ] ، وبين هذا الذي ذكرنا في موضعين آخرين . ـ
In this noble ayah, Allah clarified how one should act concerning the ignorance of the shayaateen of mankind and the jinn. So He clarified that the shaytaan of mankind should be treated with gentleness, pardoning and turning away from his ignorance and abuse. And as for the shaytaan of the jinn, there is no safety from him except in seeking refuge with Allah from him. Allah first said, “Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the ignorant, ” [7:199], and He said secondly, “And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shaitan then seek refuge with Allah. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower,” [7:200], and He clarified this which we mentioned in two other places.
أحدهما : في سورة قد أفلح المؤمنون [ 32 \ 1 ] ، قال فيه في شيطان الإنس : ادفع بالتي هي أحسن السيئة نحن أعلم بما يصفون [ 96 ] ، وقال في الآخر : وقل رب أعوذ بك من همزات الشياطين وأعوذ بك رب أن يحضرون [ 79 ، 98 ] . ـ
Firstly: In surah al-Mu’minoon, He said concerning the shaytaan of the mankind, “Repel evil with that which is better. We are Best-Acquainted with the things they utter,” [23:96] and He said concerning the other [i.e. the shaytaan of the jinn], “And say: “My Lord! I seek refuge with You from the whisperings of the Shayaateen,” [23:97].
والثاني : في ” السجدة ” قال فيه في شيطان الإنس : ولا تستوي الحسنة ولا السيئة ادفع بالتي هي أحسن فإذا الذي بينك وبينه عداوة كأنه ولي حميم [ 41 \ 34 ] ، وزاد هنا أن ذلك لا يعطاه كل الناس ، بل لا يعطيه الله إلا لذي الحظ الكبير والبخت العظيم عنده فقال : وما يلقاها إلا الذين صبروا وما يلقاها إلا ذو حظ عظيم [ 41 \ 35 ] ، ثم قال في شيطان الجن : وإما ينزغنك من الشيطان نزغ فاستعذ بالله إنه هو السميع العليم [ 41 \ 36 ] . ـ
Secondly: In surah Haa meem Sajdah [i.e. surah al-Sajdah], He said concerning the shaytaan of mankind, “The good deed and the evil deed cannot be equal. Repel (the evil) with one which is better, then verily! he, between whom and you there was enmity, (will become) as though he was a close friend,” [41:34]. And here He added that this is not granted to all of mankind – rather, Allah does not grant this to anyone except for the possessor of a great blessing and fortune from Him. So He said, “But none is granted it except those who are patient, and none is granted it except the owner of the great portion,” [41:35]. He them said concerning the shaytaan of the jinn, “And if an evil whisper from Shaytaan tries to turn you away, then seek refuge in Allah. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower,” [41:36].

[Adwaa’ al-Bayaan 2/48]

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14 thoughts on “Dealing with the human shayaateen and the jinn shayaateen: Imam al-Shinqitee

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