Assorted Qur’an Benefits #43

The following are points of benefit originally posted on our social media channels during the month of April 2020:

♦ Qur’an Kareem

Allah swears in surah al-Waaqi’ah that:

إِنَّهُ لَقُرْآنٌ كَرِيمٌ

This is certainly a Qur’an kareem [56:77]

Imam al-Baghawi commented on this by writing:

ـ ( لقرآن كريم ) عزيز مكرم لأنه كلام الله . قال بعض أهل المعاني : الكريم الذي من شأنه أن يعطي الخير الكثير

A Qur’an kareem” – i.e. revered and honored, for it is the speech of Allah.

And some of the linguistic experts said that a person who is al-Kareem is one who, as a part of who he is, gives out great amounts of good.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 8/22]

♦ The Meaning of Kanood

Allah says in surah al-‘Adiyat:

إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ لِرَبِّهِ لَكَنُودٌ

Man is certainly kanood towards his Lord [100:06]

This word Kanood is usually translated as “ungrateful”. In part of his commentary on this ayah, Imam al-Baghawi mentioned the following explanations of this word from some of the salaf:

وَقَالَ الْحَسَنُ : هُوَ الَّذِي يَعُدُّ الْمَصَائِبَ وَيَنْسَى النِّعَمَ . … وَقَالَ الْفُضَيْلُ بْنُ عِيَاضٍ : ” الْكَنُودُ ” الَّذِي أَنْسَتْهُ الْخَصْلَةُ الْوَاحِدَةُ مِنَ الْإِسَاءَةِ الْخِصَالَ الْكَثِيرَةَ مِنَ الْإِحْسَانِ ، وَ ” الشَّكُورُ ” : الَّذِي أَنْسَتْهُ الْخَصْلَةُ الْوَاحِدَةُ مِنَ الْإِحْسَانِ الْخِصَالَ الْكَثِيرَةَ مِنَ الْإِسَاءَةِ . ـ

al-Hasan al-Basri said: Kanood is one who counts misfortunes while forgetting blessings.

al-Fudhayl ibn ‘Iyaadh said: al-Kunood – an ungrateful person – is someone for whom a single offensive trait can make him forget the many good qualities of a person, while al-Shakoor – a grateful person – is one for whom a single good trait can make him forget the many offensive qualities that a person has.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 8/509]

♦ Joy and Sorrow

Allah says in surah al-Hadeed:

مَا أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِي أَنفُسِكُمْ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مِّن قَبْلِ أَن نَّبْرَأَهَا ۚ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّـهِ يَسِيرٌ * لِّكَيْلَا تَأْسَوْا عَلَىٰ مَا فَاتَكُمْ وَلَا تَفْرَحُوا بِمَا آتَاكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ لَا يُحِبُّ كُلَّ مُخْتَالٍ فَخُورٍ

No disaster strikes the earth or among yourselves except that it is in a register before We even brought them into existence. That is certainly easy for Allah. * That is so that you would not despair over what eluded you nor exult in what He has given you. And Allah does not love all those who are self-deluded and boastful. [57:22-23]

Ibn Kathir included the following quote in his explanation of this passage:

وَقَالَ عِكْرِمَةُ : لَيْسَ أَحَدٌ إِلَّا وَهُوَ يَفْرَحُ وَيَحْزَنُ ، وَلَكِنِ اجْعَلُوا الْفَرَحَ شُكْرًا وَالْحُزْنَ صَبْرًا . ـ

‘Ikrimah said: Every single person experiences joy and sorrow, but you should make your joy gratitude and your sorrow patience.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 8/27]

♦ Reciting Surah al-Sajdah and Surah al-Insan on Fridays

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Kareem al-Kudhayr was asked the following question in one of his lessons:

هل ثبت أن الرسول -عليه الصلاة والسلام- قرأ في صلاة الفجر يوم الجمعة بغير السجدة والإنسان؟

Question: Has it been authentically reported that the Messenger recited anything other than surah al-Sajdah and surah al-Insan for the Fajr prayer on Fridays?

 الجواب: جاء عنه أنه كان يقرأ بهاتين السورتين وكان دِيْمَة، يعني يقرؤها كثيرًا، لكن لا يعني أنه لا يخل بها، لا يعني أنها يلتزمها كالتزام الفاتحة.ـ

Response: It has been reported that he used to recited these two surahs regularly, i.e. he recited them frequently, but that does not mean that he never left them; it doesn’t mean that held to this practice with the same stringency that one must adhere to reciting surah al-Fatihah.

[as found here: https://shkhudheir.com/fatawa/57441002%5D

♦ Failing to Recognize the Source of One’s Blessings

In surah al-‘Adiyat, Allah informs us:

إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ لِرَبِّهِ لَكَنُودٌ

Man is certainly kanood towards his Lord [100:06]

This word Kanood is usually translated as “ungrateful”. The salaf explained this word in a number of different ways. While listing many a large group of these explanations, Imam al-Qurtubi mentioned:

وقال الترمذي : الذي يرى النعمة ولا يرى المنعم

al-Tirmidhi said: al-Kunood is one who notices the blessings he receives but doesn’t recognize the One who gave him those blessings.

[Tafsir al-Qurtubi 20/143]

♦ “Call on Me; I will Respond to You”

Allah says in surah Ghafir:

وَقَالَ رَبُّكُمُ ادْعُونِي أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ عَنْ عِبَادَتِي سَيَدْخُلُونَ جَهَنَّمَ دَاخِرِينَ

And your Lord says, “Call on Me; I will respond to you.” Indeed, those who disdain My worship will enter Hell humiliated. [40:60]

Imam ibn Jarir al-Tabari began his explanation of this ayah by writing:

وقوله: ( وَقَالَ رَبُّكُمُ ادْعُونِي أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ ) يقول تعالى ذكره: ويقول ربكم أيها الناس لكم ادعوني: يقول: اعبدوني وأخلصوا لي العبادة دون من تعبدون من دوني من الأوثان والأصنام وغير ذلك ( أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ ) يقول: أُجِبْ دعاءكم فأعفو عنكم وأرحمكم.ـ
وبنحو الذي قلنا في ذلك قال أهل التأويل.ـ ذكر من قال ذلك:  حدثني عليّ, قال: ثنا عبد الله, قال: ثني معاوية, عن عليّ, عن ابن عباس, قوله: ( ادْعُونِي أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ ) يقول: وحَّدوني أغفر لكم.ـ

Allah is saying: Your Lord is saying, “O people, you must call on Me” – i.e. worship Me and make your worship exclusively for Me without worshiping any idols or statues or anything else besides Me. “I will respond to you” – i.e. I will respond to your calls and pardon you and show mercy to you.

The experts of tafsir have given explanations similar to this gloss of ours, including:

… that ibn ‘Abbaas said: Allah’s statement:

ادْعُونِي أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ

Call on Me; I will respond to you

Allah is saying: single Me out for worship; I will forgive you.

[Tafsir al-Tabari 21/407]


Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

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