Tafsir of Surah al-Baqarah 124-129: al-Tafsir al-Muyassar

This is the thirteenth installment of our translation of al-Tafsir al-Muyassar‘s explanation of surah al-Baqarah, covering ayaat 124-129. This passage recounts some events from the life of Ibrahim. See the series guide here for more information about this series and other installments.

وَإِذِ ابْتَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ رَبُّهُ بِكَلِمَاتٍ فَأَتَمَّهُنَّ ۖ قَالَ إِنِّي جَاعِلُكَ لِلنَّاسِ إِمَامًا ۖ قَالَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِي ۖ قَالَ لَا يَنَالُ عَهْدِي الظَّالِمِينَ

And when Ibrahim was tested by his Lord with some word and he fulfilled them. He said, “I have certainly made you a leader for mankind.” He said, “And those of my offspring?” He said, “My covenant does not extend to the wrongdoers.” [2:124]

واذكر- أيها النبي- حين اختبر الله إبراهيم بما شرع له من تكاليف، فأدَّاها وقام بها خير قيام. قال الله له: إني جاعلك قدوة للناس. قال إبراهيم: ربِّ اجعل بعض نسلي أئمة فضلا منك، فأجابه الله سبحانه أنه لا تحصل للظالمين الإمامةُ في الدين.ـ

124. And remember – O Prophet – when Allah tested Ibrahim with the legal responsibilities that He had legislated for him. So Ibrahim fulfilled and discharged those responsibilities in the best way. Allah said to him, “I have certainly made you an example for mankind.” Ibrahim said, “Lord, make some of my descendants leaders, out of Your graciousness.” Allah responded to him by saying that the wrongdoers do not attain leadership in the religion.

وَإِذْ جَعَلْنَا الْبَيْتَ مَثَابَةً لِّلنَّاسِ وَأَمْنًا وَاتَّخِذُوا مِن مَّقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ مُصَلًّى ۖ وَعَهِدْنَا إِلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ أَن طَهِّرَا بَيْتِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَالْعَاكِفِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ السُّجُودِ

And when We made the House a place of return for mankind and a sanctuary. And take the station of Ibrahim as a place of prayer. And We charged Ibrahim and Ismaa’eel to purify My House for those who make tawaf and i’tikaaf and bow in prostration. [2:125]

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Khutbah regarding Hajj: Imam al-Sa’di

The following khutbah was one of several on the subject of the Hajj found in a collection of more than 400 sermons of sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di:

خطبة أولى في الحجّ

First Khutbah on the subject of the Hajj

الحمد لله الذي فرض الحج لبيته الحرام ، وجعل قصده مُكفِّراً للذنوب والآثام ، ولم يرض لمن أكمله وقام بحقوقه جزاء إلا الفوز برضوانه في دار السلام . ـ

All praise is due to Allah, the One who has ordained Hajj (pilgrimage) to His sacred house, and He made its purpose an expiation of sins and wrong-doings, and He is not pleased with anyone who completes it and fulfills its rights except that He would reward him with the attainment of His pleasure in the abode of peace.

أحمده أن جعل هذا البيت مثابة للناس وأمنا ، وجعل أفئدة من الناس تهوي إليه محبة وشوقا ، فهم يترددون إليه ويزدادون لهفا عليه وتوقا ، فقلوبهم على الدوام تحنّ إليه ، وعاجزهم يتأسّف لانقطاعه عن الوصول إليه . ـ

I praise Him for making this House a place of refuge and safety for mankind. He made the hearts of mankind to incline towards it with love and and desire, so they frequently return to it and increase in longing and yearning for it. So their hearts are always pining for it, and those of them who are unable grieve at being cut off from finding a way to it. Continue reading

The reward of an action is of the same category as the action itself: Tafsir ibn Kathir

Ibn Kathīr mentions the following point in the beginning of his tafsīr of surah al-Tūr:

ثبت في الصحيحين أن رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – قال في حديث الإسراء – بعد مجاوزته إلى السماء السابعة – : ” ثم رفع بي إلى البيت المعمور ، وإذا هو يدخله في كل يوم سبعون ألفا لا يعودون إليه آخر ما عليهم ” يعني : يتعبدون فيه ويطوفون ، كما يطوف أهل الأرض بكعبتهم كذلك ذاك البيت ، هو كعبة أهل السماء السابعة ; ولهذا وجد إبراهيم الخليل عليه السلام مسندا ظهره إلى البيت المعمور ; لأنه باني الكعبة الأرضية ، والجزاء من جنس العمل ، وهو بحيال الكعبة ، وفي كل سماء بيت يتعبد فيه أهلها ، ويصلون إليه ، والذي في السماء الدنيا يقال له : بيت العزة . والله أعلم .

It is firmly establish in the two Ṣaḥeeḥ collections that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said in the adeeth of the Night Journey (al-Isrā’) – after his entrance into the Seventh Heaven – “Then he raised me to the Bait al-Ma’mūr, where every day seventy thousand angels enter and they do not return again” – meaning, for the purpose of worshipping therein and making tawaaf. Just as the inhabitants of the earth make tawaaf of their Ka’bah, so it is also done of that place, which is the Ka’bah of the inhabitants of the Seventh Heaven. And for that reason he found Ibrahim, the Khalīl (‘alaihis salaam), reclining against Bait al-Ma’mūr, and that is because he was the builder of the Ka’bah of the earth, and the reward of an action is of the same category as the action itself, and it corresponds to the Ka’bah. And in each (level) of the heavens there is a house of worship in which it’s inhabitants worship and towards which they face during alaah, and the one which is in the lowest Heaven is called Bait al-‘Izzah, and Allah knows best.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 7/427-428]