The Qur’anic Ayaat on Love – Part 3: Those whom Allah does not Love

Sheikh Falaah ibn Ismaa’eel al-Mundakar, one of the Salafi shuyookh of Kuwait and a professor of ‘Aqeedah at Kuwait University, authored a book entitled “The Essential Beliefs Regarding Love: the Love of Allah – a Theological Study”. He devoted one of its chapters to the Qur’an ayaat regarding loving Allah. The first section of the chapter discussed the qualities of those who love Allah, and the second section listed the qualities of those whom Allah love. What follows in the third and final section of that chapter, dealing specifically with the qualities which Allah does not love:

وفي مقابل هذه الآيات وغيرها في ذكر ما يحبه الله تعالى ويرضاه قد جاءت آيات كثيرة في بيان ما لا يحبه الله تعالى ، تدعو المؤمن إلى أن يبتعد عنها ويتجنبها في حياته لأنها تضاد محبة الله تعالى ، فالمحبة الصادقة تستلزم كما سبق بيانه موافقته فيما يحب ويبغض ، فالمحب يحرص على ما يحبه محبوبه به فيحبه ويلتزمه ، كما يحرص على معرفة ما يبغضه محبوبه ليجتنبه ويبغضه . ـ

Opposite to these and other ayaat which mention what Allah loves and is pleased with, there are many other ayaat announcing what Allah does not love. These ayaat call the believer to distance himself from what Allah does not love and to avoid to those things during his life because they are in opposition to loving Allah. So, as has already been explained, sincere love towards Allah necessarily entails being in line with what He loves and what He hates. For a lover is keen to do what his beloved loves for him to do, so he loves that thing and clings to it. Likewise, a lover is keen to know what his beloved hates so that he can avoid it and hate it too.

فقد أخبر الله تعالى أنه لا يحب المعتدين فقال تعالى : {وَلَا تَعْتَدُوا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ} [البقرة 190] . ـ

○ So Allah has informed us that He does not love those who transgress, for He said:

وَلَا تَعْتَدُوا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ

and do not transgress. Indeed. Allah does not like transgressors. [2:190]

وأخبر أنه لا يحب الظالمين فقال : { وَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَيُوَفِّيهِمْ أُجُورَ‌هُمْ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الظَّالِمِينَ} [آل عمران 57] . ـ

○ And He informed us that He does not love those who do wrong, for He said: Continue reading

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The Qur’anic Ayaat on Love – Part 2: Those whom Allah Loves

Sheikh Falaah ibn Ismaa’eel al-Mundakar, one of the Salafi shuyookh of Kuwait and a professor of ‘Aqeedah at Kuwait University, authored a book entitled “The Essential Beliefs Regarding Love: the Love of Allah – a Theological Study”. He devoted one of its chapters to the Qur’an ayaat regarding loving Allah. In the first section of that chapter, he discussed some of the ayaat specifically dealing with love and the characteristics of the slaves who truly love Allah. What follows in the second section of that chapter, which deals with the qualities that Allah loves:

هذا وقد جاءت آيات كثيرة في كتاب الله تبين الصفات والأعمال التي يحبها الله تعالى ، وهي ترشد أهل الايمان إلى التحلي بها ، والتزامها في حياتهم لينالوا محبة الله تعالى التي هي أعظم غاية يسعى العبد في الحصول عليها في حياته في الدنيا . ـ

There are a number of ayaat in the Qur’an which explain the attributes and actions which Allah loves, and which guide the people of eemaan to adorn themselves with these things and to hold fast to them throughout their lives so that they may attain Allah’s love, which is the greatest goal which a slave can strive to attain in the life of this world.

فقد أخبر سبحانه وتعالى أنه يحب المحسنين فقال تعالى : {وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ} [آل عمران 134] وقال تعالى : {وَأَحْسِنُوا ۛ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ} [البقرة 195] ففي هاتين الآيتين دعوة للصادقين المؤمنين أن يحسنوا إلى عباد الله إحساناً مادياً من مدّ يد المساعدة والعون ، وإحساناً معنويّاً في الأخلاق والمعاملات . ـ

○ And Allah has informed us that He loves the muhsinoon (doers of good), for He said:

وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

… and those who restrain anger and who pardon the people – and Allah loves the muhsinoon [3:134]

And He said:

وَأَحْسِنُوا ۛ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

And do good; indeed, Allah loves the doers of good [2:195]

So these two ayaat contain a call to the sincere believer for him to do good to the slaves of Allah in a literal sense by helping and assisting them, and in a figurative sense in terms of good manners and  conduct towards them.

كما أخبر سبحانه وتعالى في آيات كثيرة ، أنه يحب المتقين وقد أمر الناس بالتقوى وأوصاهم بها في آيات أخرى كثيرة من كتابه العزيز فقال تعالى : {بَلَىٰ مَنْ أَوْفَىٰ بِعَهْدِهِ وَاتَّقَىٰ فَإِنَّ اللَّـهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَّقِينَ } [آل عمران 76]  ؛ وذلك لأن التقوى هي جماع كل خير ؛ فهي وسيلة لكل خير عاجل وآجل ، وهي حصن حصين وحرز منيع من كل شر وضرر ؛ ولذلك فقد أوصى الله تبارك وتعالى بها الأولين والآخرين بقوله : {وَلَقَدْ وَصَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ وَإِيَّاكُمْ أَنِ اتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ} [النساء 131] . ـ

○ Likewise, Allah has informed us in many ayaat that He loves the muttaqoon and He has commanded mankind to have taqwa and has enjoined it upon them in many other ayaat in His Mighty Book. For He said: Continue reading

The Qur’anic Ayaat on Love – Part 1: Love Towards Allah

Sheikh Falaah ibn Ismaa’eel al-Mundakar, one of the Salafi shuyookh of Kuwait and a professor of ‘Aqeedah at Kuwait University, authored a book entitled “The Essential Beliefs Regarding Love: the Love of Allah – a Theological Study”. He devoted one of its chapters to the Qur’anic ayaat regarding loving Allah. This chapter begins by first discussing the characteristics of those who truly love Allah, then moves on to Allah’s descriptions of those whom He loves, and concludes with a discussion of the descriptions of those whom He does not love. What follows is the first section:

ذكر الآيات الواردة في المحبة الخاصة
The ayaat specifically regarding Love

من أهم الآيات التي جاءت في هذه المحبة هي قوله تعالى : {قُلْ إِن كَانَ آبَاؤُكُمْ وَأَبْنَاؤُكُمْ وَإِخْوَانُكُمْ وَأَزْوَاجُكُمْ وَعَشِيرَ‌تُكُمْ وَأَمْوَالٌ اقْتَرَ‌فْتُمُوهَا وَتِجَارَ‌ةٌ تَخْشَوْنَ كَسَادَهَا وَمَسَاكِنُ تَرْ‌ضَوْنَهَا أَحَبَّ إِلَيْكُم مِّنَ اللَّـهِ وَرَ‌سُولِهِ وَجِهَادٍ فِي سَبِيلِهِ فَتَرَ‌بَّصُوا حَتَّىٰ يَأْتِيَ اللَّـهُ بِأَمْرِ‌هِ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ} [التوبة 24] . ـ

○ Among the most important ayaat on the subject of this love is Allah’s statement:

قُلْ إِن كَانَ آبَاؤُكُمْ وَأَبْنَاؤُكُمْ وَإِخْوَانُكُمْ وَأَزْوَاجُكُمْ وَعَشِيرَ‌تُكُمْ وَأَمْوَالٌ اقْتَرَ‌فْتُمُوهَا وَتِجَارَ‌ةٌ تَخْشَوْنَ كَسَادَهَا وَمَسَاكِنُ تَرْ‌ضَوْنَهَا أَحَبَّ إِلَيْكُم مِّنَ اللَّـهِ وَرَ‌سُولِهِ وَجِهَادٍ فِي سَبِيلِهِ فَتَرَ‌بَّصُوا حَتَّىٰ يَأْتِيَ اللَّـهُ بِأَمْرِ‌هِ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ

Say, [O Muhammad], “If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your relatives, wealth which you have obtained, commerce wherein you fear decline, and dwellings with which you are pleased are more beloved to you than Allah and His Messenger and jihaad in His cause, then wait until Allah executes His command. And Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people.” [9:24]

ففي هذه الآية وعيد شديد من الله تعالى لمن كان أهله وماله أحب إليه من الله ورسوله والجهاد في سبيله . ـ

For this ayah contains a severe threat from Allah to whoever holds their family and their wealth as more beloved to them than Allah, His messenger and jihaad in His path.

والوعيد في كتاب الله وفي سنة رسول الله ﷺ لا يكون إلا على ترك فرض أو ارتكاب محرم من المحرمات ، فالآية تدل بذلك على وجوب محبة الله تعالى ووجوب ما تقتضيه هذه المحبة من محبة رسوله ﷺ والجهاد في سبيله حباً يفوق حب الأهل والمال والوالد . ـ

And a threat does not occur in the Book of Allah or in the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) except for the abandonment of an obligation or the perpetration of one of the forbidden acts. So this ayah thereby proves the obligatory nature of loving Allah, as well as the obligatory nature of what that love entails of love for His messenger (ﷺ) and for jihaad in His path – with a love that surpasses one’s love for family, wealth and offspring.

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