al-Sa’di

 — al-Sa’di —

-Name of the Mufassir:

He is ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di al-Tameemi. He was a teacher in the city of ‘Unayzah in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. He held expertise in a number of sciences, most notably in fiqh and tafsir. He authored many beneficial works and poems which have become widespread among both scholars and lay-people. He died in the year 1376Ah/1956CE.

-Name of the Book:

Tayseer al-Kareem al-Rahman fee Tafseer Kalaam al-Mannaan [تيسير الكريم الرحمن في تفسير كلام المنّان]

Note: al-Sa’di authored a number of books of related to tafsir. The one under discussion here is his complete tafsir and his most well-know. Other works of his in the same genre included thematic tafsir, miscellaneous benefits, and usool al-tafsir.

-General Description of the Book:

Tayseer al-Kareem al-Rahman – also commonly known as Tafseer al-Sa’di – is a celebrated work of tafsir due to its ease of accessibility and beneficial contents which offer something for both the common reader and the student of knowledge. The work was authored with the intention of conveying the intended meanings and desired actions contained in the Qur’an to the reader, and as such functions as both a work of tafsir as well as a book of tarbiyyah as it includes many points of benefit for personal growth and development.

‘Aqeedah:

The author is salafi in ‘aqeedah. Throughout his tafsir, al-Sa’di affirmed issues related to the salafi ‘aqeedah and refuted other deviant understandings. He also included a section in his tafsir which was dedicated to explaining Allah’s beautiful names.

-Stance regarding isnaads (chains of narration):

al-Sa’di did not frequently mention the text of a hadeeth directly in this work, but would more commonly convey the meaning in the midst of his explanation of an ayah. In the instances where he would directly quote a hadeeth, he generally would not include a citation. This falls in line with the general style of this tafsir of conveying the meaning of the text in a straightforward and unencumbered manner for readers of all knowledge levels.

-Stance regarding Fiqh (legal) Rulings:

The author would explain the issues of fiqh related to an ayah in clear and easy-to-follow language, and he would present the opinion that he felt was the strongest. al-Sa’di would not mention the different positions held among the scholars except in cases where there was a strong case for more than one opinion. In some cases, he would include remarks to indicate that the fiqh position he mentioned was the majority position, or the position of the sahabah or a particular sahabi.

Although his work was not focused on fiqh, al-Sa’di would mention fiqh benefits in many places throughout his work where appropriate, and extract many subtle benefits in the process. For example, in explaining the ayah of al-Taharah in surah al-Ma’idah (5:6), al-Sa’di mentioned roughly 50 points of benefit that could be extracted from this single ayah. The author also authored other works related to fiqh and usool al-fiqh, and this expertise is apparent in all of his works.

-Stance regarding Qiraa’aat (different recitations):

al-Sa’di did not mention the different recitations in his tafsir due to the shorter size of his work and more detailed treatments of the subject being available elsewhere.

-Stance regarding Israa’eeliyyaat (Judaeo-Christian traditions):

The author did not mention or draw upon Israa’eeliyyaat narrations, but rather refuted some popular misconceptions and misinterpretations that had resulted from Israa’eeliyyaat narrations in certain parts of his tafsir.

-Stance regarding poetry, linguistic analysis, grammar, etc.:

In his introduction al-Sa’di explained that his goal was to explain the meanings of the ayaat so that it would be understood, and not to delve into the fine details of the wordings, grammar, morphology, etc. That being said, this work does occasionally point out certain issues of syntax or wording which highlight a benefit or subtle point. However, this is done in plain language and without specialized terminology.

Bibliography:

القول المختصر المبين في مناهج المفسرين لمحمد بن حمد الحمود النجدي

مقدمة تسير الكريم الرحمن لمحمد بن صالح العثيمين


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See also: Recommended Books of Tafsir

See also: Ibn ‘Uthaymeen’s Introduction to Tafsir al-Sa’di