— Aal Mubaarak —
-Name of the Mufassir:
He is Faisal ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz Aal Mubaarak, al-Najdi. He was born in Huraymila, Saudi Arabia in the year 1313Ah/1895CE, and began his religious studies under his father, uncle, and maternal grandfather, all of whom were people of knowledge. He joined the armed forces of Saudi Arabia as a young man and took part in the conquest of the al-Ahsaa’ Oasis in 1331Ah/1913CE under King ‘Abd al-‘Azeez al-Saud. The King later appointed him as a teacher and preacher to the troops. His service in the military came to end around the age of 30, after which time he furthered his education at the university in Riyadh and was married. He continued to seek knowledge and worked as a judge in a number of different cities in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for the next 20 years. During the last fifteen years of his life, he worked as a judge and teacher in the northern region of al-Jawf. He authored many valuable works during his lifetime in the fields of ‘aqeedah, tafsir, hadeeth, fiqh, and grammar. He died in the year 1376Ah/1957CE.
-Name of the Book:
Tawfeeq al-Rahman fee Duroos al-Qur’an [توفيق الرحمن في دروس القرآن]
-General Description of the Book:
Sheikh Faisal Aal Mubaarak set out to produce a work of tafsir that would be easy for the common person to read and understand. With this goal in mind, he organized his book into a series of 313 very manageable lessons. Moving sequentially through the Qur’an, each lesson covered groupings of verses of varying sizes, but were always organized according to the context and meanings of the passage.
These lessons primarily consist of selected quotes from the reliable books of tafsir, ahaadeeth, statements of the salaf, and some statements of later scholars such as ibn Taymiyah and ibn al-Qayyim. The primary sources for this work were Tafsir ibn Jarir, Tafsir al-Baghawi, and Tafsir ibn Kathir, and the author frequently quotes these great mufassiroon and their opinions directly or in paraphrase. When quoting directly, Aal Mubaarak would explicitly reference these sources.
Sheikh Aal Mubaarak was a salafi scholar who gave great importance to teaching the proper ‘aqeedah, as is clear from his da’wah efforts and written works. This is especially clear in his tafsir, as he primarily relied on transmitting the explanations of the reliable salafi tafsirs of ibn Jarir al-Tabari, al-Baghawi, and ibn Kathir.
-Stance regarding isnaads (chains of narration):
The author did not include chains of narration in his work, neither for statements of the Prophet nor for statements of the salaf. He would sometimes attribute the narrations to the books in which they could be found, but not consistently. Also, the author did not make an effort to limit the hadeeth narrations he included to only those authentic ones, but also included a number of weak ahaadeeth. However the modern printing of this book has included footnotes with references and hadeeth grading.
-Stance regarding Israa’eeliyyaat (Judaeo-Christian traditions):
The work does include some Israa’eeliyaat narrations and fabricated ahaadeeth in certain places, though this is not prevalent.
-Stance regarding poetry, linguistic analysis, grammar, etc.:
Despite the author’s skill in the field of Arabic grammar, he did not place an emphasis on linguistic explanations in this work, as it was written to be easily understood by the common reader. In fact, the author would sometimes omit explanations of certain verses whose meaning would be clear to the native Arabic speaker from the language.
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أقوال الشيخ عبد الكريم الخضير والشيخ صالح الفوزان
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See also: Recommended Books of Tafsir