The Qur’anic Arguments Against the Mushrikoon

In his book of Usool al-Tafsir, sheikh Shah Waliullah al-Dehlawi included the following brief discussion:

الجدل القرآني مع المشتركين: ـ
The Qur’anic Arguments Against the Mushrikoon

لقد رد الله – تعالى – على المشركين ومعتقداتهم الباطلة بشتى الطرق، وبيانها كما يلي: ـ

Allah has refuted the Mushrikoon and their false beliefs through a number of different methods, as we shall illustrate presently:

أولا : مطالبتهم بالدليل على ما يزعمون، ونقض تمسكهم بتقليد آبائهم. ـ

First: Demanding that they produce some proof for their claims and denouncing how they cling to blindly-following their forefathers.

ثانيا : إثبات أن لا تساوي بين الرب والعباد وأن الرب تعالى مختص باستحقاق العبادة أقصى غاية التعظيم ، بخلاف جميع عباده وجميع مخلوقاته . ـ

Second: Making it clear that there is no similarity between the Lord and the slaves, and that it is only the Lord who deserves to be worshiped with the utmost level of veneration, in contrast to all of His slaves and creations who do not have any right to that.

ثالثا : بيان إجماع الأنبياء والمرسلين على هذه الحقيقة الكبرى : [وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن قَبْلِكَ مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا نُوحِي إِلَيْهِ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاعْبُدُونِ] . ـ

Third: Clearly stating that all of the Prophets and Messengers were unanimously agreed on this ultimate truth:

وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن قَبْلِكَ مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا نُوحِي إِلَيْهِ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاعْبُدُونِ

And We sent not before you any messenger except that We revealed to him that, “There is no deity except Me, so worship Me.” [21:25]

رابعا : بيان شناعة عبادة الأصنام ، وأن الأحجار صاقطة عن مرتبة الكمال الإنساني ، فكيف تظل بمرتبة الألوهية ، يسجد لها ، ويتوجه إليها ؟! ـ

Fourth: Clearly stating the detestable nature of worshiping idols, and that these wooden idols fall short of even the level of human completeness, so how then could they be of a divine level, such that people prostrate and turn in worship to them?!

ومثل هذا الرد والتنفيد لأولئك المشركين الذين كانوا يعتقدون هذه الأصنام آلهة معبودة لذاتها . ـ

These are the types of things used to refute these Mushrikoon who used to believe that these idols were divine and worthy of worship in-and-of themselves.

[al-Fawz al-Kabir pg 30-31]

See also: The Qur’anic Methods of Calling People to Tawheed: Sheikh Saalih al-Fawzan

See also: The Three Categories of Tawheed according to the Qur’an: Imam al-Shinqitee

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