Commands at the End of Makki Surahs

I, Abu’l-Yaman Khalil, asked the following question to Sheikh Muhammad al-Rabee’ah, a professor of the Qur’anic Sciences at al-Qassim University, via Twitter:

س – لاحظت ان غير واحد من السور المكية ختمت بالأوامر مثل الأمر بالتسبيح او بالصبر او بالصلاة -إما في ختامها كسورة العلق والطور مثلا وإما قبيل النهاية بيسير كسورة ق والانسان مثلا. هل هذا صحيح وما الحكمة في ذلك؟ هل عند العلماء كلام في هذا؟

Question: I’ve noticed that more than one of the Makki surahs ends with commands, such as a command to make tasbeeh or to have sabr or to pray. This comes either at the very end of the surah, such as with surah al-‘Alaq and al-Toor for instance, or shortly before the end, such as with surah Qaaf and al-Insaan for instance. Is this accurate, and what is the wisdom behind this? Have some of the scholars spoken about this?

ج – تأمل بديع . ويحتاج لاستقراء وتدبر . ويظهر لي – والله أعلم – أنها توصية للنبي ﷺ بأن يعرض عن المكذبين بعد البيان وينشغل بذكر الله ولا يحزن لعدم إيمانهم كما قال في سورة الحجر ( ولقد نعلم أنك يضيق صدرك بما يقولون . فسبح بحمد ربك وكن من الساجدين)

Response: That is a good observation. This is something which needs more investigation and consideration. It appears to me – and Allah knows best – that this is instructing the Prophet to turn away from the rejecters after having clearly conveyed the message and to instead occupy himself with remembering Allah rather than grieving over their lack of eemaan, like Allah’s statement in surah al-Hijr:

وَلَقَدْ نَعْلَمُ أَنَّكَ يَضِيقُ صَدْرُكَ بِمَا يَقُولُونَ * فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَكُن مِّنَ السَّاجِدِينَ * وَاعْبُدْ رَبَّكَ حَتَّىٰ يَأْتِيَكَ الْيَقِينُ

And We know that your chest is constrained by what they say * so exalt the praises of your Lord and be among those who prostrate * and worship your Lord until death comes to you. [15:97-99]

[See here for original question via the Qur’anic Consultations Twitter page]

See also: “So Turn Away From Them”: Sheikh Saalih al-Fawzan

See also: Munasabat Article Index

See also: A Central Theme of Surah al-Baqarah: Sheikh Muhammad al-Rabee’ah

One thought on “Commands at the End of Makki Surahs

  1. Pingback: Links Between Surah Yunus and Surah Hud: Sheikh Muhammad al-Rabee’ah | Tulayhah

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