Assorted Qur’an Benefits #39

What follows are the short points of benefit originally posted on our social media channels during December 2019:

♦ Allah Will Enrich Them

While discussing the rulings of marriage in surah al-Nur, Allah says:

وَأَنكِحُوا الْأَيَامَىٰ مِنكُمْ وَالصَّالِحِينَ مِنْ عِبَادِكُمْ وَإِمَائِكُمْ ۚ إِن يَكُونُوا فُقَرَاءَ يُغْنِهِمُ اللَّـهُ مِن فَضْلِهِ

And marry the unmarried among you and the righteous among your male slaves and female slaves. If they are poor, Allah will enrich them from His bounty (24:32)

Imam al-Baghawi mentioned the following in the end of his commentary on this ayah:

قوله – عز وجل – : ( إن يكونوا فقراء يغنهم الله من فضله والله واسع عليم ) قيل : الغنى هاهنا : القناعة . وقيل : اجتماع الرزقين ، رزق الزوج ورزق الزوجة . وقال عمر : عجبت لمن ابتغى الغنى بغير النكاح ، والله – عز وجل – يقول : ( إن يكونوا فقراء يغنهم الله من فضله )ـ

Some said the the meaning of “enrichment” here is contentment, while others said that it refers to the joining of two provisions: the provisions of the husband and the provisions of the wife.

‘Umar said, “I am amazed by those who seek wealth but do not get married when Allah says, ‘If they are poor, Allah will enrich them from His bounty.'”

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 6/40]


♦ Allah Will Provide For You

Allah says in surah Taha:

وَأْمُرْ أَهْلَكَ بِالصَّلَاةِ وَاصْطَبِرْ عَلَيْهَا ۖ لَا نَسْأَلُكَ رِزْقًا ۖ نَّحْنُ نَرْزُقُكَ ۗ وَالْعَاقِبَةُ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ

And command your people to pray, and be steadfast in doing so. We do not ask you for provision: We provide for you. And the good outcome is for those with taqwa. (20:132)

al-Haafidh ibn Kathir commented on this ayah by writing:

وقوله : ( لا نسألك رزقا نحن نرزقك ) يعني إذا أقمت الصلاة أتاك الرزق من حيث لا تحتسب ، كما قال تعالى : ( ومن يتق الله يجعل له مخرجا ويرزقه من حيث لا يحتسب ) [ الطلاق : 2 ، 3 ] ، وقال تعالى : ( وما خلقت الجن والإنس إلا ليعبدون ما أريد منهم من رزق وما أريد أن يطعمون إن الله هو الرزاق ذو القوة المتين ) [ الذاريات : 56 – 58 ]

Allah’s statement:

لَا نَسْأَلُكَ رِزْقًا ۖ نَّحْنُ نَرْزُقُكَ

We do not ask you for provision: We provide for you.

meaning: When you establish the prayer, your provisions will come to you from places you do not imagine.

This is like what Allah said:

وَمَن يَتَّقِ اللَّـهَ يَجْعَل لَّهُ مَخْرَجًا * وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ

And whoever has taqwa of Allah, He will make a way out for him * and He will provide for him from places he did not imagine. (65:2-3)

as well as:

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ * مَا أُرِيدُ مِنْهُم مِّن رِّزْقٍ وَمَا أُرِيدُ أَن يُطْعِمُونِ * إِنَّ اللَّـهَ هُوَ الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو الْقُوَّةِ الْمَتِينُ

And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me * I do not desire provision from them, nor do I want them to feed me * It is Allah who is the continual provider, the firm possessor of strength. (51:56-58)

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 5/327]


♦ Allah Knows What Their Chests Conceal and What They Reveal

Allah says in surah al-Naml:

وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَيَعْلَمُ مَا تُكِنُّ صُدُورُهُمْ وَمَا يُعْلِنُونَ

And your Lord certainly knows what their chests conceal and what they reveal (27:74)

Ibn Abi Haatim mentioned the following in his tafsir of this ayah:

[ 16566] حدثنا أبي ، ثنا هوذة، ثنا عوف، عن الحسن، يعلم ما تكن صدورهم وما يعلنون قال: في ظلمة الليل، وفي أجواف بيوتهم.ـ

… al-Hasan al-Basri said about this ayah: In the dark of the night, in the inner-most parts of your homes.

[Tafsir ibn Abi Haatim 9/2919]


♦ The Emptiest of Houses

‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood is reported to have said:

إنَّ أَصْفَرَ الْبُيُوتِ البيت الَّذِي صَفِرَ مِنْ كِتَابِ اللهِ .ـ

The emptiest of houses is one which has been emptied of Allah’s Book.

[Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah #30647]


♦ Do Not Put Yourselves Forward Before Allah and His Messenger

Allah begins surah al-Hujurat with the following command:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تُقَدِّمُوا بَيْنَ يَدَيِ اللَّـهِ وَرَسُولِهِ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ

O you who believe, do not put yourselves forward before Allah and His Messenger, and have taqwa of Allah. Indeed, Allah is all-hearing, all-knowing. (49:01)

After a brief gloss of this ayah, the great mufassir Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari chose the following narration as the first he would mention:

 حدثنا علي قال : ثنا أبو صالح قال : ثني معاوية ، عن علي ، عن ابن عباس في قوله ( لا تقدموا بين يدي الله ورسوله ) يقول : لا تقولوا خلاف الكتاب والسنة . ـ

Ibn ‘Abbaas said in explanation of this ayah, “Do not say anything in conflict with the Qur’an or Sunnah.”

[Tafsir al-Tabari 22/272]


♦ Avoiding Offensive Nicknames

Allah commands the believers in surah al-Hujurat by saying:

وَلَا تَنَابَزُوا بِالْأَلْقَابِ

And do not refer to one another with offensive nicknames (49:11)

Imam al-Baghawi mentions the following examples given by some of the salaf to help understand this ayah:

قال عكرمة : هو قول الرجل للرجل : يا فاسق يا منافق يا كافر .ـ وقال الحسن : كان اليهودي والنصراني يسلم ، فيقال له بعد إسلامه يا يهودي يا نصراني ، فنهوا عن ذلك . [ ص: 344 ] قال عطاء : هو أن تقول لأخيك : يا كلب يا حمار يا خنزير .وروي عن ابن عباس قال : ” التنابز بالألقاب ” : أن يكون الرجل عمل السيئات ثم تاب عنها فنهي أن يعير بما سلف من عمله . ـ

‘Ikrimah said: This one man saying to another, “Hey sinner! O you hypocrite! You disbeliever!”

al-Hasan al-Basri said: It used to be that a Jew or a Christian would enter Islam and then after having done so people would still say, “Hey Jew! Hey Christian!” So they were prohibited from doing that.

‘Ataa’ said: It is that you say to your brother, “Hey dog, hey donkey, hey pig!”

And it was narrated that ibn ‘Abbaas said: Calling others by offensive nicknames – Let’s say a man used to commit sins and then repented from them; then it is prohibited to mock him for what he used to do.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 7/343-344]


♦ Do Not Spy on One Another

One of the many commands and prohibitions found in surah al-Hujurat is Allah’s statement:

وَلَا تَجَسَّسُوا

And do not spy on one another (49:12)

Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari began his explanation of this statement by saying:

 وقوله ( ولا تجسسوا ) يقول : ولا يتتبع بعضكم عورة بعض ، ولا يبحث عن سرائره ، يبتغي بذلك الظهور على عيوبه ، ولكن اقنعوا بما ظهر لكم من أمره ، وبه فاحمدوا أو ذموا ، لا على ما لا تعلمونه من سرائره . ـ

Allah’s statement, “And do not spy on one another”

Allah is saying: Do not go looking for the faults of one another or dig into their secrets in an effort to bring their faults to light. Instead, content yourself with the outward appearance that a person displays to you and commend or criticize them based on that, not based on their hidden matters which you do not know.

[Tafsir al-Tabari 22/304]


Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.