Benefits to Take from the Stories of the Qur’an: Sheikh Khalid al-Batili

In part of his explanation of sheikh Muhammad al-‘Uthaymeen’s primer of the fundamentals of tafsir, sheikh Khalid al-Batili (professor at Imam Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic University in Riyadh) included the following points related to benefiting from the stories of the Qur’an:

الحكمة في القصص القرآني
The Reasons for the Qur’anic Stories

أولا: الجانب التربوي الأخلاقي: مثل: الصبر من أيوب، والعفة من يوسف، والكرم من إبراهيم. وفي المقابل: التكبر من إبليس وفرعون، والغرور والعجب من قارون، والحسد من إخوة يوسف. ـ

First: There is the aspect of cultivating good character. For example, learning steadfast patience from Ayyub, chastity from Yusuf, or generosity from Ibrahim. And conversely, avoiding the arrogance of Iblis and Fir’awn, the self-delusion and self-amazement of Qarun, or the envy of Yusuf’s brothers.

ثانيا: تأصيل منهج الدعوة إلى االله: ببيان أهميتها وفضلها والصبر عليها والمنهج الصحيح فيها؛ فالأبياء رؤوس الدعاة. فإذا داخل َ الداعية يأس وإحباط فليقرأ قصة نوح، وكيف بذل للدعوة ﴿ فَلَبِثَ فِيهِمْ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ إِلَّا خَمْسِينَ عَامًا ﴾[العنكبوت: ١٤ ] ودعاهم ليلا ونهارا، وسرا وجهارا. ـ

Second: Becoming grounded in the methods of calling others to Allah. The stories clearly show its importance, its virtue, how to be steadfast in it, and the correct approach to take, for the prophets are the foremost callers. So if a caller finds himself feeling hopeless or overwhelmed, then he should read the story of Nooh and how hard he worked in calling others

فَلَبِثَ فِيهِمْ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ إِلَّا خَمْسِينَ عَامًا

And he remained with them for one thousand years, minus fifty [29:31]

and he called them night and day, in private and in public.

ثالثا: أخذ العبرة والعظة: قال تعالى: ﴿ لَقَدْ كَانَ فِي قَصَصِهِمْ عِبْرَةٌ لِّأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ ﴾ [يوسف:١١١ّ ،] بالنظر في نجاة المؤمنين ونصرتهم، وعقوبة المكذبين. ـ

Third: Taking lessons and admonition from these stories. Allah said:

لَقَدْ كَانَ فِي قَصَصِهِمْ عِبْرَةٌ لِّأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ

And in these stories is a lesson for those of understanding [12:111]

This comes from considering how the believers were saved and supported as well as the punishment of those who rejected the message.

رابعا: تعلم أسلوب الحوار والإقناع والمجادلة بالتي هي أحسن. ـ

Fourth: Learning the proper ways to discuss, persuade and argue in the best way.

خامسا: تثبيت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وأصحابه والمؤمنين بعده على الطريق الحق، بالنظر فيما أصاب السابقين من أذى وتعذيب، وكيف كانت العاقبة لهم. ـ

Fifth: Fortifying the Prophet, his companions and all the believers after that on the right path. That comes from considering the harm and torture that those before us faced and the good end that they had.

سادسا: التشويق والتسلية وتجديد النشاط؛ لأن النفس تميل إلى سماع القصة، ومتابعة أحداثها. ـ

Sixth: The excitement, enjoyment and captivation that they bring, for people are naturally inclined to listen to stories and follow along with their events.

[al-Taysir fee Sharh Usool fee al-Tafsir pages 205-206 (see here)]

See also: Benefits from the Story of the Mother of Moosaa: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: The Story of Yunus: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: The Story of Ayyub: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: Benefits from the story of Moosaa and al-Khadr: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: The story of ‘Eesaa, his mother, Zakariyyah and Yahya – Imam al-Sa’di

See also: The Story of Qarun: Tafsir al-Sa’di

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