Assorted Qur’an Benefits #38

What follows are the short points of benefit originally posted on the Tulayhah social media channels in the second half of November 2019:

♦ Your Record of Deeds

Allah describes some of the events of the Day of Resurrection in surah al-Israa’, including what will be said to the people when their records are presented to them:

اقْرَأْ كِتَابَكَ كَفَىٰ بِنَفْسِكَ الْيَوْمَ عَلَيْكَ حَسِيبًا

Read your book. You yourself are sufficient as a reckoner against yourself this Day [17:14]

Imam al-Qurtubi included the following in his brief commentary on this ayah:

وقال بعض الصلحاء : هذا كتاب ، لسانك قلمه ، وريقك مداده ، وأعضاؤك قرطاسه . ، أنت كنت المملي على حفظتك ، ما زيد فيه ولا نقص منه ، ومتى أنكرت منه شيئا يكون فيه الشاهد منك عليك .ـ

One of the righteous people said: This is the book – your tongue is its pen, your saliva is its ink, your limbs are its pages, and you are the one dictating it to your scribe. There are no extra additions nor any parts missing from it, and if you were to take issue with any part of what is recorded, there would be an evidence within it from your own self against you.”

[Tafsir al-Qurtubi 10/230]

♦ Seeking Refuge

Allah says in surah al-Nahl:

فَإِذَا قَرَأْتَ الْقُرْآنَ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ

So when you recite the Qur’an seek refuge in Allah from the accursed shaytaan [16:98]

Ibn Kathir commented on this by writing:

والمعنى في الاستعاذة عند ابتداء القراءة لئلا يلبس على القارئ قراءته ويخلط عليه ، ويمنعه من التدبر والتفكر

The purpose of seeking refuge at the start of reciting is so that one’s recitation does not become clouded and jumbled, preventing him from contemplation and reflection.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 4/603]

♦ Those Who Cause Trouble in the Land

Allah mentions the story of His Prophet Salih in part of surah al-Naml. In his tafsir of this section, ibn Abi Haatim included the following narration:

تلا مالك بن دينار رحمه الله تعالى هذه الآية { وَكَانَ فِي الْمَدِينَةِ تِسْعَةُ رَهْطٍ يُفْسِدُونَ فِي الأَرْضِ وَلا يُصْلِحُونَ } فقال : فكم اليوم في كل قبيلة من الذين يفسدون في الأرض ولا يصلحون ؟!!ـ

Malik ibn Dinar recited the following ayah:

وَكَانَ فِي الْمَدِينَةِ تِسْعَةُ رَهْطٍ يُفْسِدُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا يُصْلِحُونَ

And there were nine prominent men in the city who caused trouble in the land and would not reform. [27:48]

and then said, “Then what about today, how many are there in every single tribe who cause trouble in the land and will not reform?!”

[Tafsir ibn Abi Haatim #16467]

♦ Eating What is Lawful

Allah says in surah al-Baqarah:

أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ كُلُوا مِمَّا فِي الْأَرْضِ حَلَالًا طَيِّبًا وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ

O mankind, eat of what is lawful and good on the earth and do not follow the footsteps of the shaytaan. He is certainly a clear enemy to you. [2:168]

Commenting on part of this ayah, Imam al-Qurtubi wrote:

قال سهل بن عبد الله : النجاة في ثلاثة : أكل الحلال ، وأداء الفرائض ، والاقتداء بالنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم . وقال أبو عبد الله الساجي واسمه سعيد بن يزيد : خمس خصال بها تمام العلم ، وهي : معرفة الله عز وجل ، ومعرفة الحق وإخلاص العمل لله ، والعمل على السنة ، وأكل الحلال ، فإن فقدت واحدة لم يرفع العمل . ـ

Sahl ibn ‘Abdullah said: Salvation lies in three things:

1) Eating what is lawful

2) Fulfilling the obligations, and

3) Following the example of the Prophet.

Abu ‘Abdullah al-Saji – whose name is Sa’eed ibn Yazeed – said: There are five qualities which bring about well-rounded knowledge:

1) Knowing Allah,

2) Knowing the truth,

3) Making one’s deeds sincerely for Allah,

4) Doing one’s deeds according to the Sunnah, and

5) Eating what is lawful.

But if you are missing any one of these things your deeds will not be raised up [i.e. accepted].

[Tafsir al-Qurtubi 1/140]

♦ Purifying One’s Heart and Understanding the Qur’an

Sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen mentioned the following in his explanation of Kitab al-Tawheed:

من طهر قلبه من المعاصي كان أفهم للقرآن ومن تنجس قلبه بالمعاصي كان أبعد فهما عن القرآن. ـ

Whoever purifies his heart from sins will have more understanding of the Qur’an, but whoever sullies his heart with sins will be further from understanding the Qur’an.

[al-Qawl al-Mufeed ‘alaa Kitab al-Tawheed 2/37]

♦ The Beginning of Surah al-Hadeed

Imam al-Dhahabi mentioned the following in his biographical entry of Yazeed ibn ‘Abeedah, a scholar of Damascus from the generation after the Tabi’oon:
 قال ابن شابور : سمعته يقول : من أراد أن يعرف كيف وصف الله نفسه ، فليقرأ شيئا من أول الحديد . ـ
Ibn Shaboor said: I heard him saying, “Whoever wants to know how Allah described Himself, then let him recite part of the beginning of surah al-Hadeed.”
[Siyar A’lam al-Nubalaa’ 6/308]
And ibn Asaakir also mentioned this with the following wording:
محمد بن شعيب قال سمعت يزيد بن عبيدة يقول من أراد أن يعرف كيف وصف الجبار نفسه فليقرأ ست آيات من أول الحديد إلى قوله ” والله عليم بذات الصدور
Muhammad ibn Shu’ayb said: I heard Yazeed ibn ‘Abeedah saying, “Whoever wants to know how al-Jabbaar described Himself then let him recite six ayaat from the beginning of surah al-Hadeed until Allah’s statement, ‘And Allah is All-Knowing of what the chests contain.'”
[Tarikh al-Dimashq 65/315]

Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

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