An Encouragement to Those Who Rush Towards Good: Tafsir al-Shawkani

In the middle of surah al-Mu’minoon, Allah describes those who rush towards good with a series of excellent qualities:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ هُم مِّنْ خَشْيَةِ رَبِّهِم مُّشْفِقُونَ * وَالَّذِينَ هُم بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ يُؤْمِنُونَ * وَالَّذِينَ هُم بِرَبِّهِمْ لَا يُشْرِكُونَ * وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْتُونَ مَا آتَوا وَّقُلُوبُهُمْ وَجِلَةٌ أَنَّهُمْ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ رَاجِعُونَ * أُولَـٰئِكَ يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْخَيْرَاتِ وَهُمْ لَهَا سَابِقُونَ

Those who are apprehensive from fear of their Lord * And who believe in the signs of their Lord * And who do not associate anything with their Lord * And who give what they give while their hearts are fearful because they will be returning to their Lord – * These are the ones who hasten to good deeds, and they are the forerunners to them. [23:57-61]

Allah then follows up these descriptions by saying:

وَلَا نُكَلِّفُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا

And We do not tax any person except according to his capacity … [23:62]

Imam Muhammad al-Shawkaani commented on relationship between the first section of ayaat and the latter one by writing:

وهذه الجملة مستأنفة للتحريض على ما وصف به السابقون من فعل الطاعات المؤدي إلى نيل الكرامات ببيان سهولته وكونه غير خارج عن حد الوسع والطاقة

This sentence that came after the others acts as an encouragement towards those acts of obedience – those that characterize the forerunners in good – which lead to attaining Allah’s blessings. This encouragement is by way of showing the ease of attaining this and that it is not out of one’s reach or ability.

[Fath al-Qadeer pg. 988]

Explore more subtle benefits in the arrangement of ayaat here and through our Munasabat Article Index

See also: An “Amazing Connection” in the Story of Zakariyyah: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: The Qualities of those who Hasten towards Good: Khutbah of Imam al-Sa’di

2 thoughts on “An Encouragement to Those Who Rush Towards Good: Tafsir al-Shawkani

  1. Pingback: The Qualities of those who Hasten towards Good: Khutbah of Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: A Subtle Point in Surah al-Nisaa’: Tafsir al-Shawkani | Tulayhah

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