A Beneficial Method of Studying Tafsir: Sheikh Saalih al-‘Usaymi

In part of his explanation of sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di’s shorter thematic tafsir, al-Fath al-Raheem, sheikh Saalih al-‘Usaymi mentioned the following:

وما ذكره رحمه الله تعالى من أن علوم التفسير يمكن أن إفادة منها إذا ادرك الانسان مجامع المعاني القرآن دون حاجة لوقوف على كل آية ، هذا حق . وقل من يعنتني بهذا الامر ، فإن بعض الناس يظن ان التفسير لا يدرك إلا بأن يؤخذ القرآن آية آية . وهذا ليس من المنهج القوي في التلقين والتلاقي . بل المنهج القوي هو بيان الاصول والقواعد والكليات بقدر من القرآن بحيث لو لم يدرس الطالب إلا إياه يستطاع أن يعرف التفسير الباقي القرآن . وهذا القدر هو في شيئين اثنين : أحدهما المفصل من سورة ق إلى آخره وثاني سورة البقرة . فإن الانسان إذا درس تفسير هذين القدرين من القرآن الكريم على طريقة تبين فيها الأصول والقواعد في الفهم وتفسير لكلام الله سبحانه وتعالى أكسبه ذلك قدرة على فهم باقي القرآن الكريم . ـ

As for what the sheikh mentioned about it being possible for a person to have a good knowledge of the meanings of the Qur’an if he were to understand a selection of the Qur’an’s messages without needing to have gone over every single ayah, then this is accurate.

However, there are not many who give attention to this method, for some people think that one has not achieved an understanding of the Qur’an unless he has learned the Qur’an ayah by ayah. But this is not a strong method of studying and taking knowledge.

Rather, the strong method is to explain the fundamentals, principles and general rules of thumb in a portion of the Qur’an so that even if the student were not to study anything else besides that he would still be able to understand the meanings of the rest of the Qur’an.

And this portion is made up of two parts. The first is the Mufassal surahs, from surah Qaaf [50] until the end [114], and the second is surah al-Baqarah [02]. So if a person studies these two portions of the Qur’an in a way that explains the fundamentals and principles that they contain for understanding and explaining Allah’s speech, then that will have afforded him the ability to understand the rest of the Qur’an.

[As found in this audio clip, transcription mine]

Translator’s Note: In a report graded as “hasan” by sheikh al-Albani, it has been reported that:

عن ابنِ مسعودٍ قال إن لكلِّ شيءٍ سنامًا ، وإن سنامَ القرآنِ سورةُ البقرةِ ، وإن لكلِّ شيءٍ لبابًا ؛ وإن لبابَ القرآنِ المفصل

‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood said: Everything has an apex and the apex of the Qur’an is surah al-Baqarah. And everything has a core, and the core of the Qur’an are the Mufassal surahs.

[graded as Hasan by sheikh al-Albani in Takhreej Mishkat al-Masabih #2120]

See also: How to Acquire a Firm Understanding of Tafsir: Sheikh Saalih al-‘Usaymi

See also: Ten Areas to Memorize for Excellence in Tafsir

2 thoughts on “A Beneficial Method of Studying Tafsir: Sheikh Saalih al-‘Usaymi

  1. Pingback: How to Acquire a Firm Understanding of Tafsir: Sheikh Saalih al-‘Usaymi | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: Ten Areas to Memorize for Excellence in Tafsir | Tulayhah

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