What Should I Do When I Finish a Complete Reading of the Qur’an?: Sheikh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Junayd

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Junayd, one of the contemporary salafi scholars in Saudi Arabia, wrote the following during Ramadan 1442 AH.

ماذا أفعل عندما أختم تلاوة القرآن كاملًا. ـ
What Should I Do When I Finish a Complete Reading of the Qur’an?

ـ▪️أولًا – إذا ختم العبد قراءة القرآن كاملًا في شهر رمضان أو غيره مِن الشهور: فإنه يُستحَب له أنْ يَجمع ولده – ذكورًا وإناثًا – وأهل بيته، ومَن شاء، ومَن أحب، ثم يدعو الله بما تيسِّر، ويُؤمنون على دعائه. لِما صحَّ عن أنس – رضي الله عنه -: (( أنه كان إذا ختم القرآن جمَع ولده وأهل بيته فدعا لهم )). أخرجه: سعيد بن منصور، والدارمي، وابن أبي شيبة، وأبو عُبيد، وغيرهم. وصححه: النووي، وابن حجر العسقلاني، والألباني. وصحَّ نحوه أيضًا عن: جمْعٍ مِن التابعين تلامذة أصحاب النبي ﷺ. ونصَّ على الاستحباب أيضًا: أعداد مِن فقهاء الحنفية، والمالكية، والشافعية، والحنابلة، وغيرهم. ومَن لم يتيسر له جمْع ولده وأهل بيته عند الدعاء بعد ختم القرآن: فإنَّه يدعو لوحده بما أحب مِن دعاء لنفسه، وأهله، ومَن شاء. ـ

First: When a person finishes a complete reading of the Qur’an either during the month of Ramadan or in any other month, then it is encouraged for him to gather his children – both male and female – and the members of his household and whoever he wishes or loves and then to supplicate to Allah with whatever is easy for him to do while they say “ameen” to his supplications.

This is based on the following authentic reports regarding Anas, that

When he used to complete the Qur’an, he would gather his children and the members of his household and supplicate for them.

That is reported by Sa’eed ibn Mansur, al-Darimi, ibn Abi Shaybah, Abu ‘Ubayd, and others. It was graded as “authentic” by al-Nawawi, ibn Hajr al-‘Asqalani, and al-Albani.

Similar reports have also been authentically transmitted regarding a number of the Tabi’oon who were students of the Prophet’s companions.

Also, a number the scholars of fiqh from the Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i and Hanbali schools as well as others have all described this action as being encouraged.

And for anyone who does not find it easy to gather his children and family members for supplication after completing the Qur’an, then he can supplicate on his own for whatever he wants to supplicate for himself, his family and whomever he wishes.

ـ ▪️ثانيًا – صحَّ عن بعض التابعين مِن تلامذة الصحابة كمجاهد وعَبدة – رحمهما الله – أنهما قالا: (( كان يُقال: إنَّ الدعاء يُستجاب عند ختم القرآن، ونزلت الرحمة عند خاتمته )). أخرجه: ابن أبي شيبة، والدارمي، والفريابي، وأبو عُبيد، وابن الضريس، وغيرهم. وصححه: النووي، وابن حجر العسقلاني، وغيرهما. وقال مجاهد مِن التابعين – رحمه الله -: (( كانوا يجتمعون عند ختم القرآن، يقولون: تنزل الرحمة )). أخرجه: ابن أبي داود، وغيره. وصححه: النووي، وابن حجر العسقلاني، وغيرهما. وقال الإمام ابن تيمية – رحمه الله -: <<ورُوِيَ عن طائفة مِن السَّلف: (( أنَّ عِنْدَ كُلِّ خَتْمَةٍ دَعْوَةٌ مُجابَةٌ ))>>.اهـ وقال العلامة الألباني – رحمه الله -: <<يُشير بذلك إلى: أنَّ الدعاء بعد ختم القرآن تُرجَى استجابته، وقد جاء في ذلك آثار كثيرة عن السَّلف الصالح>>.اهـ وقال صالح بن الإمام أحمد بن حنبل – رحمهما الله -: (( كان أبي يَختم مِن جمعة إلى جمعة، فإذا خَتم دعا، فيدعو، ونُؤمِّن على دعائه )). ـ

Second: It has been authentically recorded from a number of the Tabi’oon who studied under the Sahabah, such as Mujahid and ‘Abdah, that they used to say:

Some say that supplication is accepted at the completion of the Qur’an and that mercy descends upon the one who has completed it.

This has been reported by ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Darimi, al-Faryabadi, Abu ‘Ubayd, ibn al-Dhurays, and others. It was graded as “authentic” by al-Nawawi, ibn Hajr al-‘Asqalani, and others.

Mujahid, one of the Tabi’oon, said:

The Sahabah used to gather with others when finishing the Qur’an and they would say, “mercy is descending”.

This was reported by ibn Abi Dawud and graded as “authentic” by al-Nawawi, ibn Hajr al-‘Asqalani, and others.

Imam ibn Taymiyah said:

It has been transmitted from a group of the salaf that “for every completion of the Qur’an there is an accepted supplication.”

The great scholar al-Albani said:

This indicates that supplication after completing the Qur’an is hoped to be accepted, and there are many narrations from the pious predecessors on this topic.

Salih, the son of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, said:

My father would complete a reading from one Jumu’ah to the next and when he completed a reading, he would supplication. He supplicated and we would say “ameen” to his supplications.

ـ ▪️ثالثًا – صحَّ عن عبد الرحمن بن الأسود – رحمه الله – وهو مِن تلامذة الصحابة أنه قال: (( كنا نذكر: أنه يُصلَّى عليه إذا ختم القرآن )). يعني: تُصلِّي عليه الملائكة. أخرجه: ابن أبي شيبة، وابن المبارك، والفريابي، وغيرهم. وصحَّ نحوه أيضًا عن جمع من السَّلف الصالح، كما سيأتي. ـ

Third: It has been authentically reported from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Aswad, one of the students of the Sahabah, that he said:

We would say that a person receives salah when he completes the Qur’an

i.e. the angels send salah on him. This was reported by ibn Abi Shaybah, ibn al-Mubarak, al-Faryabadi, and others. And similar reports have also been authentically transmitted from a number of the pious predecessors, as will be discussed shortly.

ـ ▪️رابعًا – أفضل أوقات ختم القرآن لِمن أراد أنْ يَختم نهارًا: “أوَّل النهار”. وأوَّل النهار يبدأ: بطلوع الفجر وأذان صلاته. ولِمن أراد أنْ يَختم ليلًا: “أوَّل الليل”. وأوَّل الليل يبدأ: بغروب الشمس وأذان صلاة المغرب. وذلك لأجل: أنْ تستمر صلاة الملائكة عليه – يعني: دعاءهم له – أطول وقت. حيث ثبت عن جمعٍ مِن التابعين تلامذة الصحابة أنهم قالوا: (( إذا ختم الرجل القرآن بنهار صلَّت عليه الملائكة حتى يُمسي، وإذا فرغ منه ليلًا صلَّت عليه الملائكة حتى يُصبح )). اخرجه: الدارمي، وأبو عُبيد، وابن الضريس، وغيرهم. وصحَّ أنَّ إبراهيم التيمي التابعي – رحمه الله – قال: (( كان يُقال: إذا ختم الرجل القرآن في أوَّل النهار صلَّت عليه الملائكة بقية يومه، وإذا ختمه أوَّل الليل صلَّت عليه الملائكة بقية ليلته. قال: فكانوا يُحبون أنْ يَختموا في أوَّل النهار أو في أوَّل الليل )). اخرجه: أبو عُبيد، وابن الضريس، وغيرهما. ـ

Fourth: For anyone who intends to complete the Qur’an during the daytime, then the best time to complete it is in the first part of the day, and the first part of the day begins with the oncoming of Fajr and the adhan of the Fajr prayer.

For anyone who intends to complete the Qur’an during the nighttime, then the first part of the night, and the first part of the night begins with the setting of the sun and the adhan of the Maghrib prayer.

This is because the salah of the angels – i.e. their supplications for a person – would continue for the longest amount of time.

This is all in light of the authentic reports from a number of the Tabi’oon who studied under the Sahabah in which they said:

When a person completes the Qur’an during the daytime, the angels send salah on him until the nighttime. And if he finishes it during the nighttime, the angels send salah on him until morning.

This was reported by al-Darimi, Abu ‘Ubayd, ibn al-Dhurays, and others.

It has been authentically reported that the tabi’ee Ibrahim al-Taymi said:

The Sahabah used to say, “When a person finishes the Qur’an in the first part of the day, the angels send salah on him for the rest of his day, and if he completes it in the first part of the night, the angels send salah on him for the remainder of his night.” So they would want to complete a reading in the first part of the day or the first part of the night.

This was reported by Abu ‘Ubayd, ibn al-Dhurays, and others.

ـ ▪️خامسًا – لا يَصح دعاء مُعيِّن أو مُخصَّص عن النبي ﷺ، ولا عن أصحابه، يُقال عند ختم القرآن. وعليه: فيدعو العبد بما تيسر في ذِهنه، وأحبَّ. وأمَّا ما يوجد في نهاية بعض المصاحف أو بعض المطويات أو الكتيبات الصغيرة مِن دعاء مكتوب عليه: “دعاء ختم القرآن”. فلا يُعرف عن النبي ﷺ، ولا عن أصحابه، ولا عن باقي السَّلف الصالح، ولا عن أئمة الفقه والحديث والقُرَّاء المشهورين في القُرون الأولى. ـ

Fifth: There is not any specific or particular supplication – neither from the Prophet nor from the Sahabah – that one should say upon completing the Qur’an. What one should do is to supplicate with whatever comes easily to his mind and for what he wants.

As for those supplications that one can find labeled as “Supplication of Completing the Qur’an” at the end of some mushafs or in some pamphlets and booklets, then these things are not known to have come from the Prophet or the Sahabah or any of the pious predecessors, or any of the renowned leading scholars of fiqh, hadith, or recitation from the early generations.

وكتبه: عبد القادر الجنيد. ـ

Written by: ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Junayd

[As posted on the sheikh’s Facebook page here on April 27, 2021]

See also: Supplicating upon Completion of the Qur’an: Sheikh ibn ‘Uthaymeen

See also: The Different Frequencies of Completing the Qur’an

See also: What is the minimum amount of time to complete reciting the Qur’an: Sheikh bin Baaz

See also: How the Prophet Would Recite the Qur’an

See also: Etiquette with the Qur’an Article Index

One thought on “What Should I Do When I Finish a Complete Reading of the Qur’an?: Sheikh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Junayd

  1. Pingback: Supplicating upon Completion of the Qur’an: Sheikh ibn ‘Uthaymeen | Tulayhah

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