Assorted Qur’an Benefits #37

The following short quotes and excerpts were originally published on our social media channels during November 2019:

♦ Those Who Recite the Qur’an but Do Not Know its Tafsir

In part of the introduction to his famous book of tafsir, Imam al-Qurtubi mentioned the following statement:
وقال إياس بن معاوية : مثل الذين يقرءون القرآن وهم لا يعلمون تفسيره كمثل قوم جاءهم كتاب من ملكهم ليلا وليس عندهم مصباح فتداخلتهم روعة ولا يدرون ما في الكتاب ومثل الذي يعرف التفسير كمثل رجل جاءهم بمصباح فقرءوا ما في الكتاب. ـ
Iyaas ibn Mu’awiyah said, “Those who recite the Qur’an but do not know its tafsir are like a people who received a letter from their king during the night but do not have any lamp with them, so alarm comes over them and they do not know what the letter contains. But one who knows its tafsir is like a man who brings them a lamp so that they can read what the letter contains.”
[Tafsir al-Qurtubi 1/41]

♦ A Light for the Munafiqoon

Allah describes the munafiqoon in surah al-Nisaa’ by saying:

إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ يُخَادِعُونَ اللَّـهَ وَهُوَ خَادِعُهُمْ

Indeed, the hypocrites [think to] deceive Allah, but He is deceiving them. [4:142]

In his explanation of this, Imam al-Qurtubi mentioned the following narration:

 قال الحسن : يعطى كل إنسان من مؤمن ومنافق نور يوم القيامة فيفرح المنافقون ويظنون أنهم قد نجوا ؛ فإذا جاءوا إلى الصراط طفئ نور كل منافق ، فذلك قولهم : انظرونا نقتبس من نوركم .ـ

al-Hasan al-Basri said: On the Day of Judgement Allah will give every one of the believers and munafiqoon a light. The munafiqoon will rejoice, thinking that they have been saved, but then when they come to the sirat the light of every munafiq will be extinguished. That is when they will say:

انظُرُونَا نَقْتَبِسْ مِن نُّورِكُمْ

Wait for us so that we can get some of your light. [57:13]

[Tafsir al-Qurtubi 5/422]


♦ When the Munafiqoon Stand for Prayer

One of the descriptions of the munafiqoon comes in surah al-Nisaa’ where Allah says:

وَإِذَا قَامُوا إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ قَامُوا كُسَالَىٰ يُرَاءُونَ النَّاسَ وَلَا يَذْكُرُونَ اللَّـهَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا

And when they stand for prayer, they stand lazily, wanting to be seen by others and not remembering Allah except a little [4:142]

Ibn Abi Haatim mentioned the following two narrations from al-Hasan al-Basri regarding this description:

ـ [6141] حدثنا أحمد بن سنان ، ثنا عبد الرحمن بن مهدي ، عن أبي الأشهب، عن الحسن : ولا يذكرون الله إلا قليلا قال: إنما قل لأنه كان لغير الله.ـ

[6142] حدثنا أبي ، ثنا عبد السلام بن مطهر، وعبد الكبير بن المعافى بن عمران الموصلي قالا: ثنا جعفر بن سليمان ، عن عوف ، عن الحسن ، قال: قرأ هذه يراءون الناس ولا يذكرون الله إلا قليلا قال الحسن : فوالله لو كان ذلك القليل منهم لله لقبله، ولكن كان ذلك القليل منهم رياء. ـ

-Regarding the phrase, “and not remembering Allah except a little“, al-Hasan said, “It is only a little because it was not done for Allah.”

-‘Awf said that he recited this ayah, “wanting to be seen by others and not remembering Allah except a little” and then al-Hasan said, “I swear by Allah, if the little that they did was for the sake of Allah then He would have accepted it. But the little that they did was only for the sake of being seen by others.”

[Tafsir ibn Abi Haatim #6141-6142]


A Note of the Frequency of Completing the Qur’an

The great scholar of hadith, qiraa’aat, history and biography Imam al-Dhahabi mentioned the following in part of his biographical entry on the famous reciter Abu Bakr ibn ‘Ayyash:

وقد روي من وجوه متعددة، أن أبا بكر بن عياش مكث نحوا من أربعين سنة يختم القرآن في كل يوم وليلة مرة.ـ
وهذه عبادة يخضع لها، ولكن متابعة السنة أولى. فقد صح أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم نهى عبد الله بن عمرو أن يقرأ القرآن في أقل من ثلاث . وقال عليه السلام: ” لم يفقه من قرأ [القرآن] في أقل من ثلاث “.ـ

It has been reported from a number of different routes that Abu Bakr ibn ‘Ayyash made it his regular practice for about 40 years to complete an entire reading of the Qur’an once every 24 hours.

This level of worship is certainly impressive, however following the Sunnah is better. For it has been authentically transmitted that the Prophet forbade ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr from completing the Qur’an in less than three days, and he also said, “He who completes the Qur’an in less than three days has not understood it.”

[Siyar A’laam al-Nubalaa’ 8/503]

Translator’s Note: Abu Bakr ibn ‘Ayyash is perhaps more commonly known as Shu’bah, as in the riwayah of Shu’bah ‘an ‘Aasim. In earlier centuries, this way of reciting was one of the most popular, while today the other main transmission of the qiraa’ah of ‘Aasim ibn Abi’l-Nujood – Hafs ‘an ‘Aasim – has become the most common method of reciting the Qur’an.


♦ A Description of the Muttaqoon

Allah begins His description of the muttaqoon in the beginning of surah al-Baqarah by mentioning the following three characteristics:

الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَيُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ

Those who believe in the Unseen and establish the prayer and spend out of what We have provided them. [2:3]

Near the end of his commentary on this ayah, Imam al-Qurtubi wrote:

وقيل : الإيمان بالغيب حظ القلب . وإقام الصلاة حظ البدن . ومما رزقناهم ينفقون حظ المال

And some have said: eemaan in the Unseen is the share of the heart, establishing the prayer is the share of the body, and spending out of what We have provided is the share of one’s wealth.

[Tafsir al-Qurtubi 1/179]


Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

3 thoughts on “Assorted Qur’an Benefits #37

  1. السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

    I have found some words on the benefits of Quran but I am unable to find a reference to it both in arabic or English sources.

    Please help me with this. I follow work on Tulayhah and have had at least 50 others join in and benefit Alhamdulillah.

    I thought it was best to ask someone who could find a reference if there is any to this.

    Quote:

    “The pious predecessors would say:

    ‎القران كالصـاحب
    The Qur’an is like a companion

    ‎كلما طالت الصحبه عرفت اسراره
    As your friendship with it grows, you begin to learn it’s secrets

    ‎فالصاحـب لايعطي سره من يجالسه دقائق
    For the companion does not disclose (reveal) his secrets to the one who accompanies him for a few minutes

    ‎ثم ينصرف
    And then leaves”

    Muhammad al-Awaaji

    • وعليكم السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته

      I found this quote widely scattered across Arabic social media without any attribution in most cases. In two cases, it was attributed to the book [خلاصة البرهان في اختصار وترتيب إعجاز القرآن للباقلاني] by sheikh Muhammad al-‘Awaaji, a professor of Tafsir at the Islamic University of al-Madinah. I found the book in pdf form here but was not able to perform a successful text search for that quote within it. So it is possible that it is a quote from al-Baqilani (the subject of the book), or from another source quoted in the study, or from sheikh al-‘Awaaji himself.

      Sorry that I could not be of more help. InshaAllaah if I find the quote later I will share it here. May Allah you for sharing any beneficial content with others.

      BaarakAllaahu feek

      -Khalil Klopfenstein

      • InshaaAllah, wa feekum barakAllah! Aameen wa iyyakum. JazakAllahu Khair for your efforts in translating and sharing, it helps us Alhamdulillah. I will continue to share work from Tulayhah. BarakAllahu Feek. May Allah reward you all for providing beneficial content for sharing and studying. Aameen

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