Assorted Qur’an Benefits #36

The following short quotes and excerpts were originally published on our social media channels during the second half of October 2019:

♦ The Virtue of Teaching the Qur’an

Allah says in surah Fussilat:

وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ قَوْلًا مِّمَّن دَعَا إِلَى اللَّـهِ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا وَقَالَ إِنَّنِي مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

And who is better in speech than one who invites to Allah and does righteousness and says, “Indeed, I am of the Muslims.” [41:33]

Ibn Hajr al-‘Asqalani mentioned this ayah in his explanation of Imam al-Bukhari’s chapter entitled “The Best of You Are Those Who Learn the Qur’an and Teach it” and commented on the first quality mentioned in the ayah by saying:

وَالدُّعَاءُ إِلَى اللَّهِ يَقَعُ بِأُمُورٍ شَتَّى ، مِنْ جُمْلَتِهَا تَعْلِيمُ الْقُرْآنِ وَهُوَ أَشْرَفُ الْجَمِيع

Calling to Allah can be done through many different ways, one of which is teaching the Qur’an, which is the most noble of them all.

[Fath al-Bari 9/76]

Sabr in the Qur’an

In his work dedicated to the virtues of Sabr and Shukr (steadfast patience and gratitude), Imam ibn al-Qayyim preceded his discussion of the places where Sabr is mentioned in the Qur’an by writing:

قال أبو عبد الله أحمد بن حنبل: (ذكر الله سبحانه الصبر في القرآن في تسعين موضعًا)

Abu ‘Abdullah Ahmad ibn Hanbal said, “Allah has mentioned al-sabr in ninety places throughout the Qur’an.”

[‘Uddah al-Sabireen pg. 113]

♦ Do Not Be Decieved

Allah says towards the end of surah Luqman:

إِنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّـهِ حَقٌّ ۖ فَلَا تَغُرَّنَّكُمُ الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا وَلَا يَغُرَّنَّكُم بِاللَّـهِ الْغَرُورُ

Indeed, the promise of Allah is truth, so let not the worldly life delude you and be not deceived about Allah by the Deceiver. [31:33]

A number of mufassiroon including ibn Jarir al-Tabari, al-Baghawi, al-Qurtubi and al-Suyooti mentioned the following statement in their explanations of this ayah:

 ابن حميد قال : ثنا ابن المبارك ، عن ابن لهيعة ، عن عطاء بن دينار ، عن سعيد بن جبير قوله : ( ولا يغرنكم بالله الغرور ) قال : أن تعمل بالمعصية وتتمنى المغفرة .ـ

Regarding the phrase, “And be not deceived about Allah by the deceiver”, Sa’eed ibn Jubayr said, “that you would commit acts of disobedience while vainly hoping for forgiveness.”

[Mawsoo’ah Madrasah Makkah fee al-Tafsir 6/337]

‘Azm al-Umoor – Great Determination

Allah recounts Luqman’s advice to his son in surah Luqman where he says:

يَا بُنَيَّ أَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ وَأْمُرْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَانْهَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَاصْبِرْ عَلَىٰ مَا أَصَابَكَ ۖ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ مِنْ عَزْمِ الْأُمُورِ

O my son, establish the prayer, enjoin what is good, forbid against evil, and be patient with what befalls you. Indeed, that is part of the ‘azm al-umoor. [31:17]

Ibn Abi Haatim recorded that the Tabi’ee Sa’eed ibn Jubayr explained this ayah by saying:

 وأخرج ابن أبي حاتم عن سعيد بن جبير في قوله : وأمر بالمعروف يعني : بالتوحيد، وانه عن المنكر يعني : عن الشرك، واصبر على ما أصابك في أمرهما . يقول : إذا أمرت بمعروف أو نهيت عن منكر وأصابك في ذلك أذى وشدة، فاصبر عليه، إن ذلك يعني : هذا الصبر على الأذى في الأمر بالمعروف والنهي عن المنكر، من عزم الأمور يعني : من حق الأمور التي أمر الله . ـ

“Enjoin what is good” – meaning: Enjoin al-Tawheed

“Forbid against evil” – meaning: against al-shirk

“and be patient with what befalls you” in carrying out those two tasks

If you enjoin what is good and forbid against evil and then harm and difficulty befalls you while doing so, then patiently continue in doing so.

“Indeed, that” – i.e. being patience with the harms faced while enjoining what is good and forbidding against evil “is part of the ‘azm al-‘umoor” – i.e. it is part of actualizing those things which Allah has commanded.

[Mawsoo’ah Madrasah Makkah fee al-Tafsir 6/337. See also al-Durr al-Manthoor 6/523]

♦ Responding to the Call to Prayer

Allah describes the Day of Resurrection in surah al-Qalam by saying:

خَاشِعَةً أَبْصَارُهُمْ تَرْهَقُهُمْ ذِلَّةٌ ۖ وَقَدْ كَانُوا يُدْعَوْنَ إِلَى السُّجُودِ وَهُمْ سَالِمُونَ

Their eyes humbled, humiliation will cover them. And they used to be invited to prostration when they were healthy and good. [68:43]

al-Haafidh ibn Rajab mentioned this ayah in his explanation of Saheeh al-Bukhari under the chapter of “The Obligation of Praying in Congregation” along with the following narration:

 وروي عن أبي سنان ، عن سعيد بن جبير ، عن ابن عباس ، في قوله تعالى : وقد كانوا يدعون إلى السجود وهم سالمون قال : نزلت في صلاة الرجل يسمع الأذان فلا يجيب . ـ

Abi Sinan narrated than Sa’eed ibn Jubayr said that ibn ‘Abbaas commented on this ayah by saying, “This is referring to the prayer of a man who hears the call to prayer but does not respond to it.”

[Fath al-Bari 4/9]

Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

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