Assorted Qur’an Benefits #35

The following short quotes and excerpts were originally published on our social media channels during the first half of October 2019:

♦ The Sickness and the Cure

Allah says in surah al-Israa’:

إِنَّ هَـٰذَا الْقُرْآنَ يَهْدِي لِلَّتِي هِيَ أَقْوَمُ وَيُبَشِّرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ الصَّالِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ أَجْرًا كَبِيرًا

This Qur’an certainly guides to that which is most correct and gives glad tidings to the believers who do righteous good deeds that there will be a great reward for them. [17:9]

In his book of narration-based tafsir, Jalal al-Deen al-Suyooti wrote the following under this ayah:

 وأخرج ابن أبي حاتم عن قتادة في الآية قال : إن هذا القرآن يدلكم على دائكم ودوائكم؛ فأما داؤكم فالذنوب والخطايا، وأما دواؤكم فالاستغفار . ـ

Ibn Abi Haatim brought the following quote from Qatadah under his explanation of this ayah:

Indeed, this Qur’an shows you your sickness and your cure. As for your sickness, it is sins and errors, and as for your cure, it is seeking Allah’s forgiveness.

[al-Durr al-Manthoor 9/622]

♦ “We Offered the Trust to the Heavens and the earth and the mountains …”

Allah informs us in surah al-Ahzab:

إِنَّا عَرَضْنَا الْأَمَانَةَ عَلَى السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَالْجِبَالِ فَأَبَيْنَ أَن يَحْمِلْنَهَا وَأَشْفَقْنَ مِنْهَا وَحَمَلَهَا الْإِنسَانُ ۖ إِنَّهُ كَانَ ظَلُومًا جَهُولًا

Indeed, we offered the Trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, and they declined to bear it and feared it; but man took it upon himself. Indeed, he was unjust and ignorant. [33:72]

Imam al-Baghawi brings several narrations of the salaf explaining the word amanah or “trust” in this ayah, including:

وقال زيد بن أسلم : هو الصوم ، والغسل من الجنابة ، وما يخفى من الشرائع .ـ

Zayd ibn Aslam said: It is fasting, performing ghusl to remove ritual impurity, and whatever parts of the legislation are done in private.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 6/380]

♦ Regarding the Descriptions of Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj

In part of his book of thematic tafsir, sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di devoted a chapter to the story of Dhu’l-Qarnayn and some benefits which can be derived from it. He concluded the chapter with the following words about Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj:

وقد ورد في صفاتهم أحاديث في الصحيحين تؤيد ما في هذه الآيات من صفاتهم، وأورد أصحاب السير والتواريخ الأول من صفاتهم وهيئاتهم آثارا لا خطام لها ولا زمام، شوشت أفكار أكثر الناس، ومنعتهم من الاستدلال بالآيات القرآنية، والأحاديث الصحيحة النبوية، وتطبيقها على الواقع، فعليك بلزوم ما دل عليه الكتاب والسنة، ودع ما سوى ذلك؛ فإن فيه الهدى والرشد والنور. ـ

A number of authentic hadith narrations have come regarding the descriptions of Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj which reinforce the information about their descriptions found in these ayaat. However the authors of biographies and history texts have transmitted many statements regarding their descriptions and outward characteristics without exercising any sort of inhibitions or restraint in what they relayed! Those reports have muddled the ideas of most people and have stopped them from taking the information found in the ayaat of the Qur’an and authentic hadith narrations of the Prophet as their evidence and making those the point of reference. So one must stick to what the Qur’an and the Sunnah indicate and leave off whatever else is besides that, for that is the approach which contains guidance, right direction and light.

[Taysir al-Lateef al-Mannaan pg. 264]

♦ The Importance of Context

al-Haafidh ibn Kathir included the following quote in part of the introduction to his famous work of tafsir while discussing the importance of not explaining the Qur’an without knowledge:

وقال أبو عبيد حدثنا معاذ ، عن ابن عون ، عن عبد الله بن مسلم بن يسار عن أبيه ، قال إذا حدثت عن الله فقف حتى تنظر ما قبله وما بعده . ـ

… Muslim ibn Yasaar said, “When you want to speak about what Allah has said, hold off until you have looked at the ayaat preceding it and the ayaat following it.”

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 1/12]

♦ “al-Qadhaa’ wa’l-Qadr are two deep valleys …”

In his famous biographical encyclopedia Siyar A’laam al-Nubalaa’, Imam al-Dhahabi mentioned the following quote in his entry of Muslim ibn Yasaar:

قال قتادة : قال مسلم بن يسار في الكلام في القدر : هما واديان عميقان ، يسلك فيهما الناس ، لن يدرك غورهما ، فاعمل عمل رجل تعلم أنه لن ينجيك إلا عملك ، وتوكل توكل رجل تعلم أنه لا يصيبك إلا ما كتب الله لك .ـ

Qatadah said: Muslim ibn Yasaar said the following regarding al-Qadr:

al-Qadhaa’ wa’l-Qadr are two deep valleys which the people travel through but will never know their true depth. Therefore, perform the deeds of a man who knows that only his deeds can save him, and have the tawakkal of a man who knows that only what Allah has decreed for him can happen to him.

[Siyar A’laam al-Nubalaa’ 4/512]

Wind in the Qur’an

In part of his famous handbook to the Qur’anic sciences, Imam al-Suyooti included a section dealing with words used in the Qur’an which are always used with one meaning, or almost always used with one meaning. The following quote from the Companion Ubay ibn Ka’b discusses two words which both refer to the wind but are used in different ways in the Qur’an:

وأخرج ابن أبي حاتم وغيره ، عن أبي بن كعب ، قال : كل شيء في القرآن من ( الرياح ) فهي رحمة ، وكل شيء فيه من ( الريح ) فهو عذاب . ـ

Ibn Abi Haatim and others reported that Ubay ibn Ka’b said, “Every instance of the word al-Riyaah [الرياح] in the Qur’an is referring to mercy, while every instance of the word al-Reeh [الريح] is referring to punishment.”

[al-Itqan, see chapter 39]

Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

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