Assorted Qur’an Benefits #33

What follows is a collection of benefits originally shared on the Tulayhah social media during June of 2019.

♦ The Blessing of a Righteous Family

At the end of surah al-Furqan, Allah lists a number of traits of His believing slaves, including:

وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا

And they are those who say, “Our Lord, grant us among our wives and offspring a comfort to our eyes, and make us a good example for the righteous.” [25:74]

Imam al-Baghawi brought the following statement from one of the tabi’oon in his explanation of this ayah:

قال القرظي : ليس شيء أقر لعين المؤمن من أن يرى زوجته وأولاده مطيعين لله – عز وجل – .ـ

Muhammad ibn Ka’b al-Qurathi said, “There is nothing more pleasing to the eye of the believer than to see that his wife and his children are obedient to Allah, the Mighty and Majestic.”

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 6/100]


♦ “What would you say if I were to give you a date tree in Jannah in exchange for that date tree?”

Allah says in surah al-A’laa:

قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَن تَزَكَّىٰ * وَذَكَرَ اسْمَ رَبِّهِ فَصَلَّىٰ

He has succeeded, the one who gives in charity * and mentions the name of his Lord and prays. [87:14-15]

Imam al-Qurtubi brought the following narration in part of his tafsir of this ayah:

قوله تعالى : قد أفلح من تزكى وذكر اسم ربه فصلى … وروى عنه [يعني عن ابن عباس] عطاء قال : نزلت في عثمان بن عفان – رضي الله عنه – قال : كان بالمدينة منافق كانت له نخلة بالمدينة ، مائلة في دار رجل من الأنصار ، إذا هبت الرياح أسقطت البسر والرطب إلى دار الأنصاري ، فيأكل هو وعياله ، فخاصمه المنافق فشكا ذلك إلى رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – فأرسل إلى المنافق وهو لا يعلم نفاقه ، فقال : ” إن أخاك الأنصاري ذكر أن بسرك ورطبك يقع إلى منزله ، فيأكل هو وعياله ، فهل لك أن أعطيك نخلة في الجنة بدلها ” ؟ فقال : أبيع عاجلا بآجل لا أفعل . فذكروا أن عثمان بن عفان أعطاه حائطا من نخل بدل نخلته ففيه نزلت قد أفلح من تزكى . ونزلت في المنافق ويتجنبها الأشقى .ـ

‘Ataa relayed that ibn ‘Abbaas said: these ayaat are about ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan.

He said: There was a munafiq in al-Madinah who had a date tree which hung over of house of an Ansari man. When the winds would blow it would knock down both unripe and ripe dates into the property of the Ansari man, which he and those under his care would then eat. The munafiq argued with him about this situation, so the Ansari man complained about this to Allah’s Messenger. The Prophet sent for the munafiq, not knowing that he was a munafiq, and said, “This Ansari brother of yours mentioned that your unripe and ripe dates fell into his property and so he and his dependents ate them. So what would you say if I were to give you a date tree in Jannah in exchange for that date tree?” The munafiq replied, “That I would sell right now for something else later? I will not do that!” I was told that ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan gave him a whole orchard of date trees in exchange for that one date tree of his. So

قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَن تَزَكَّىٰ

He has succeeded, the one who gives in charity

is about him, while

وَيَتَجَنَّبُهَا الْأَشْقَى

But the most wretched one will avoid the reminder

is about the munafiq.

[Tafsir al-Qurtubi 20/20]


♦ Eemaan is not Complete Without These Three

Allah provides the following example in part of surah Ibrahim where He says:

أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ ضَرَبَ اللَّـهُ مَثَلًا كَلِمَةً طَيِّبَةً كَشَجَرَةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ أَصْلُهَا ثَابِتٌ وَفَرْعُهَا فِي السَّمَاءِ * تُؤْتِي أُكُلَهَا كُلَّ حِينٍ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهَا ۗ وَيَضْرِبُ اللَّـهُ الْأَمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ

Haven’t you seen how Allah strikes a comparison of a good word to a good tree whose root is firmly planted and whose branches are in the sky? It gives its fruit at all times by its Lord’s permission. Allah strikes comparisons for people in order that they would be reminded. [14:24-25]

While commenting on this comparison, Imam al-Baghawi explained that the “good word” is laa ilaaha illallaah – there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah – and went on to say:

 والحكمة في تمثيل الإيمان بالشجرة : هي أن الشجرة لا تكون شجرة إلا بثلاثة أشياء : عرق راسخ ، وأصل قائم ، وفرع عال ، كذلك الإيمان لا يتم إلا بثلاثة أشياء : تصديق بالقلب ، وقول باللسان ، وعمل بالأبدان . ـ

The wisdom in comparing al-eemaan to a tree is that a tree can only be a tree when it has three things:

1) firmly-grounded roots
2) an upright trunk
3) lofty branches

Likewise, al-eemaan is not complete without three things:

1) affirmation of the heart
2) statements of the tongue
3) actions of the body

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 4/347]


♦ The Arrangement of Surahs and Ayaat in the Mushaf was Done According to Revelation

In his famous handbook of the Qur’anic sciences, Imam al-Suyooti concluded his section on the placement of the ayaat in the Qur’an with the following quote:

 وقال ابن الحصار : ترتيب السور ووضع الآيات مواضعها إنما كان بالوحي ، كان رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – يقول : ضعوا آية كذا في موضع كذا وقد حصل اليقين من النقل المتواتر بهذا الترتيب من تلاوة رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – ومما أجمع الصحابة على وضعه هكذا في المصحف . ـ

Ibn al-Hassaar said: The arrangement of the surahs and the placement of ayaat was only done according to revelation. Allah’s Messenger used to say, “Place such-and-such ayah in such-and-such place”. And we can have complete certainty about the arrangement that we have due to the mutawatir reports regarding the Prophet’s recitation as well as due to the fact that the Sahabah unanimously agreed upon organizing it in this way in the mushaf.

[al-Itqan 1/220]


♦ Some Faces Will Be Radiant, Looking at Their Lord

Allah describes the people of Paradise in surah al-Qiyamah by saying:

وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ نَّاضِرَةٌ * إِلَىٰ رَبِّهَا نَاظِرَةٌ

On that Day, some faces will be radiant * Looking at their Lord [75:22-23]

The great mufassir Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari mentioned the following narration in part of his explanation of these ayaat:

 حدثنا محمد بن إسماعيل البخاري ، قال : ثنا آدم قال : ثنا المبارك عن الحسن ، في قوله : ( وجوه يومئذ ناضرة ) قال : حسنة ( إلى ربها ناظرة ) قال : تنظر إلى الخالق ، وحق لها أن تنضر وهي تنظر إلى الخالق . ـ

Muhammad ibn Ismaa’eel al-Bukhari narrated to us that Adam narrated to him that al-Mubarak narrated to him that al-Hasan said about the ayah

“On that Day, some faces will be radiant” – i.e. beautiful

“Looking at their Lord” – i.e. they will be looking at the Creator, so of course their faces would be radiant when looking at their Creator.

[Tafsir al-Tabari 24/72]


♦ Some Clarification on the Seven Ahruf

After a lengthy discussion, sheikh al-Islam ibn Taymiyah summarized some important issues regarding the Qur’an by writing:

القول المرضي عند علماء السلف الذي يدل عليه عامة الأحاديث وقراءات الصحابة أن المصحف الذي جمع عثمان الناس عليه هو أحد الحروف السبعة وهو العرضة الأخيرة وأن الحروف الستة خارجة عن هذا المصحف وأن الحروف السبعة كانت تختلف الكلمة مع أن المعنى غير مختلف ولا متضاد.ـ

The accepted position among the scholars of the salaf which the bulk of hadith narrations and the recitations of the Sahabah support is:

-that the Mushaf which ‘Uthman united the people on is just one of the seven ahruf, specifically the one from the Prophet’s final review of the Qur’an with Jibril

-and that the six other ahruf are not included in this mushaf

-and that the seven ahruf had some differences in their wordings without having differences or contradictions in their meanings.

[al-Saarim al-Maslool 2/249]


Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

See also: Qiraa’aat Article Index


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