Assorted Qur’an Benefits #32

What follows is a collection of benefits originally shared on the Tulayhah social media during March, April, and May of 2019.

♦ Spending What You Love and Being Patient With What You Hate

Imam al-Baghawi mentions the following statement in his tafsir of surah al-Ma’aarij:

قال ابن كيسان : خلق الله الإنسان يحب ما يسره ويهرب مما يكره ، ثم تعبده بإنفاق ما يحب والصبر على ما يكره

Ibn Kaysan said, “Allah created mankind such that he loves what delights him and flees from from what he hates. Then man engages in worshiping Allah by spending what he loves and being patient in the face of what he dislikes.”

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 8/223]


♦ Being Patient for Allah’s Sake

In the midst of surah al-Ra’d, Allah describes His believing slaves with a number of characteristics, including:

 وَالَّذِينَ صَبَرُوا ابْتِغَاءَ وَجْهِ رَبِّهِمْ

“They are those who exercised steadfastness, seeking the Face of their Lord …” [13:22]

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di commented on this quality in his tafsir by writing:

والذين صبروا : على المأمورات بالامتثال ، وعن المنهيات بالانكفاف عنها والبعد منها ، وعلى أقدار الله المؤلمة بعدم تسخطها ، ولكن بشرط أن يكون ذلك الصبر ابتغاء وجه ربهم : لا لغير ذلك من المقاصد والأغراض الفاسدة ؛ فإن هذا الصبر النافع ، الذي يحبس به العبد نفسه ، طلبا لمرضاة ربه ورجاء للقرب منه والحظوة بثوابه ، وهو الصبر الذي من خصائص أهل الإيمان ، وأما الصبر المشترك الذي غايته التجلد ومنتهاه الفخر ؛ فهذا يصدر من البر والفاجر والمؤمن والكافر ؛ فليس هو الممدوح على الحقيقة

They are those who exercised steadfastness …” in the face of the commands by complying with them, in the face of the prohibitions by not engaging in them and avoiding them, and in the face of the painful things that Allah decrees by not resenting them.

However all of this comes with the condition that this steadfastness must be in seeking the Face of their Lord and not for any other objective or lowly purpose.

That is because the steadfastness that is of true benefit is for the slave to restrain himself while seeking the pleasure of his Lord, hoping to draw close to Him and hoping for a share of His reward. This steadfastness is one of unique characteristics of the people of al-eemaan.

As for the steadfastness where one’s objective is merely enduring or it is for nothing more than bragging rights, then this is done by both the righteous and the impious, both the believer and disbeliever, and it is not something that is actually praiseworthy.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg 482]


♦ “Lord, Give Increase to My Ummah

Al-haafidh Ismaa’eel ibn Kathir mentioned the following narration in part of his explanation of surah al-Baqarah:

 وقال ابن أبي حاتم : حدثنا أبو زرعة حدثنا إسماعيل بن إبراهيم بن بسام حدثنا أبو إسماعيل المؤدب ، عن عيسى بن المسيب عن نافع عن ابن عمر قال : لما نزلت ( مثل الذين ينفقون أموالهم في سبيل الله كمثل حبة أنبتت سبع سنابل ) [ البقرة : 261 ] إلى آخرها فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ” رب زد أمتي ” فنزلت : ( من ذا الذي يقرض الله قرضا حسنا فيضاعفه له أضعافا كثيرة ) قال : رب زد أمتي . فنزل : ( إنما يوفى الصابرون أجرهم بغير حساب ) [ الزمر : 10 ] . . ]

Ibn Abi Haatim said … that ibn ‘Umar said:

When the ayah

 مَّثَلُ الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّـهِ كَمَثَلِ حَبَّةٍ أَنبَتَتْ سَبْعَ سَنَابِلَ فِي كُلِّ سُنبُلَةٍ مِّائَةُ حَبَّةٍ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ يُضَاعِفُ لِمَن يَشَاءُ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ

The likeness of those who spend their wealth in Allah’s path is like a seed which grows seven spikes; in each spike is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies for whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing. [2:261]

was revealed, then Allah’s Messenger said, “Lord, give increase to my ummah.” Then the ayah

مَّن ذَا الَّذِي يُقْرِضُ اللَّـهَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا فَيُضَاعِفَهُ لَهُ أَضْعَافًا كَثِيرَةً ۚ وَاللَّـهُ يَقْبِضُ وَيَبْسُطُ وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ

Who is it that would loan Allah a goodly loan so He may multiply it for him many times over? And it is Allah who withholds and grants abundance, and to Him you will be returned. [2:245]

was revealed, and he said, “Lord, give increase to my ummah” and then Allah revealed

إِنَّمَا يُوَفَّى الصَّابِرُونَ أَجْرَهُم بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ

Indeed, the patient will be given their reward without account. [39:10]

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 1/664. See also Tafsir al-Qurtubi 3/275]


♦ Supplications of the Disbelievers Are Only in Vain

Allah mentions the following comparison in surah al-Ra’d:

لَهُ دَعْوَةُ الْحَقِّ ۖ وَالَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِهِ لَا يَسْتَجِيبُونَ لَهُم بِشَيْءٍ إِلَّا كَبَاسِطِ كَفَّيْهِ إِلَى الْمَاءِ لِيَبْلُغَ فَاهُ وَمَا هُوَ بِبَالِغِهِ ۚ وَمَا دُعَاءُ الْكَافِرِينَ إِلَّا فِي ضَلَالٍ

To Allah alone is the valid supplication. But those whom they call on besides Him will not respond to them at all, except like one who reaches out his hands hands towards water to make it reach his mouth but it does not reach it. Supplications of the disbelievers are only in vain. [13:14]

After bringing some statements of the Sahabah and Tabi’oon explaining this, al-haafidh Ismaa’eel Ibn Kathir provided the following gloss of the meaning:

 ومعنى الكلام : أن هذا الذي يبسط يده إلى الماء ، إما قابضا وإما متناولا له من بعد ، كما أنه لا ينتفع بالماء الذي لم يصل إلى فيه ، الذي جعله محلا للشرب ، فكذلك هؤلاء المشركون الذين يعبدون مع الله إلها غيره ، لا ينتفعون بهم أبدا في الدنيا ولا في الآخرة; ولهذا قال : ( وما دعاء الكافرين إلا في ضلال )ـ

The meaning of this statement is that this person who stretches out his hand toward water – either to grab it in his hands or to try to reach some body of water that is far off from him – will not benefit from water that does not reach his mouth, which is the very place that Allah has made for drinking. So just as that person will not benefit, likewise these mushrikoon who worship others alongside Allah will never benefit from their false gods, either in this life nor in the hereafter. That is why Allah said, “And the supplications of the disbelievers are only in vain.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 4/446-447]


Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

See here to read more Parables of the Qur’an

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