Whoever Does Any Part of Righteous Deeds …: Tafsir al-Tabari

Allah says in surah al-Nisaa’:

وَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِنَ الصَّالِحَاتِ مِن ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنثَىٰ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ وَلَا يُظْلَمُونَ نَقِيرًا

And whoever does any part of righteous deeds, whether male or female, while being a believer – those will enter Paradise and will not be wronged even a speck on a date seed. [4:124]

In part of his commentary on this ayah, Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari wrote:

فإن قال لنا قائل: ما وجه دخول: ” مِن ” في قوله: ” ومن يعمل من الصالحات “، ولم يقل: ” ومن يعمل الصالحات “؟ قيل: لدخولها وجهان: ـ

Someone might ask: Why is the phrase “any part of” included in “any part of righteous deeds” rather than just saying “and whoever does righteous deeds”?

In that case, we would respond by saying: there are two reasons why it is included.

أحدهما: أن يكون الله قد علم أن عبادَه المؤمنين لن يُطيقوا أن يعملوا جميع الأعمال الصالحات، فأوجب وَعده لمن عمل ما أطاق منها، ولم يحرمه من فضله بسبب ما عجزتْ عن عمله منها قوّته. ـ

Firstly, Allah knows that His believing slaves will never be able do all of the righteous good deeds. He therefore made His promise apply to those who perform the good deeds within their capacity without depriving anyone of His bounty due to a lack of ability to perform those deeds.

والآخر منهما: أن يكون تعالى ذكره أوجب وعدَه لمن اجتنب الكبائر وأدَّى الفرائض، وإن قصر في بعض الواجب له عليه، تفضلا منه على عباده المؤمنين، إذ كان الفضل به أولى، والصفح عن أهل الإيمان به أحرَى. ـ

Secondly, Allah has made His promise for those who avoid the major sins and perform the obligations even if they fall short in some of the things that were mandated for them. This is a favor from Allah towards His believing slaves, for He is full of bounty and pardon towards the people of al-eemaan.

[Tafsir al-Tabari 9/249]

See also: Whoever does an atom’s weight of good or evil shall see it: Imam al-Shinqitee

2 thoughts on “Whoever Does Any Part of Righteous Deeds …: Tafsir al-Tabari

  1. Pingback: Allah Promises You Forgiveness and Bounty: Tafsir al-Tabari & ibn Kathir | Tulayhah

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