Assorted Qur’an Benefits #30

What follows is a collection of the short benefits published on Tulayhah social media during December 2018 and January 2019:

♦ Those who Fear their Lord Unseen

In surah al-Mulk, Allah says:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُم بِالْغَيْبِ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ وَأَجْرٌ كَبِيرٌ

Indeed, those who fear their Lord unseen will have forgiveness and a great reward. [67:12]

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di commented on this by writing:

لما ذكر حالة الأشقياء الفجار، ذكر وصف الأبرار السعداء فقال: إن الذين يخشون ربهم بالغيب أي: في جميع أحوالهم، حتى في الحالة التي لا يطلع عليهم فيها إلا الله، فلا يقدمون على معاصيه، ولا يقصرون عما أمرهم به

After having mentioned the condition of the miserable sinful people, Allah then described the righteous people of ultimate joy by saying, “Indeed, those who fear their Lord unseen …” – meaning: in all circumstances, even in those instances when no one will know what they do except Allah, and so they neither proceed into disobeying Allah nor do they fall short of what He has commanded them to do.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 1033]

♦ Understanding Life and Death

At the beginning of Surah al-Mulk, Allah describes Himself by saying:

الَّذِي خَلَقَ الْمَوْتَ وَالْحَيَاةَ لِيَبْلُوَكُمْ أَيُّكُمْ أَحْسَنُ عَمَلًا ۚ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْغَفُورُ

“He who created death and life in order to test you – which of you is the best in actions. And He is the Almighty, the Forgiving.” [67:02]

Sheikh Muhammad al-Shawkani mentioned the following in his explanation:

الموت انقطاع تعلق الروح بالبدن ومفارقته له ، والحياة تعلق الروح بالبدن واتصاله به

Death is a disconnection of the soul’s link to the body and a separation of one from the other, while life is the connection and attachment of the soul to the body.

[Fath al-Qadeer 1/1510]

♦ The Importance of Knowing the Context

Ibn Abi Shaybah mentioned the following statement of the Muslim ibn Yasar, one of the scholars of the Tabi’oon, in his collection of statements of the salaf:

حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبيد عن ابن عون قال : قال مسلم بن يسار : إذا حدثت عن الله حديثا فأمسك فاعلم ما قبله وما بعده

Muslim ibn Yasar said, “When you want to speak about what Allah has said, then stop and first know what came before and comes after that ayah.”

[Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah 5067]

See also: Taking Ayaat out of Context: Sheikh ‘Abd al-Razzaq al-Badr

♦ How to Understand Oaths in the Qur’an

Sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen mentioned the following while explaining his introductory text on the foundations of Tafsir:

للقسم فائدتان: الأول بيان عظمة المقسم به . الثانية بيان أهمية المقسم عليه . ولهذا لا يجوز للمخلوق أن يحلف بغير الله عز وجل. ـ

An oath conveys two things:

1) It shows the greatness of the thing that is being used to make the oath
2) It shows the importance of the what the oath is being made about

Because of this it is not permissible for any created being to swear by anything other than Allah, the Mighty and Majestic.

[Sharh Usool al-Tafsir pg 221]

♦ The Meaning of al-Ghaib

Allah opens surah al-Baqarah by saying:

الم * ذَٰلِكَ الْكِتَابُ لَا رَيْبَ ۛ فِيهِ ۛ هُدًى لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ * الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَيُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ

Alif Lam Meem * This is the Book about which there is no doubt. A guidance for the muttaqoon * those who have eman in the ghaib and establish the prayers and spend out of what We have provided them.” [2:1-3]

In part of his explanation of these ayaat, Imam al-Baghawi wrote:

الغيب ما كان مغيبا عن العيون قال ابن عباس : الغيب هاهنا كل ما أمرت بالإيمان به فيما غاب عن بصرك مثل الملائكة والبعث والجنة والنار والصراط والميزان

al-Ghaib refers to what is concealed from one’s eyes.

Ibn ‘Abbaas said, “Here, al-Ghaib refers to everything hidden from your eyes which we have been commanded to believe in, such as the angels, the resurrection of the dead, al-Jannah, the Hellfire, the Sirat (the bridge over the Hellfire), and the scales.”

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 1/62]

♦ Send the Salah on the Prophet

Allah says in surah al-Ahzab:

إِنَّ اللَّـهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ۚ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا

“Indeed, Allah and His angels send salah upon the Prophet. O you who have eemaan, send salah upon him greet him with the Islamic greeting” (33:56)

Imam al-Baghawi briefly addressed this in beginning of his tafsir by writing:

 إن الصلاة من الله في هذه الآية الرحمة ومن الملائكة الاستغفار ومن المؤمنين : الدعاء

-The salah from Allah in this ayah refers to mercy

-from the angels it refers to asking for His forgiveness

-and from the believers it refers to supplication

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 1/63]

And in his explanation of the ayah itself, he wrote:

ـ( ياأيها الذين آمنوا صلوا عليه ) أي : ادعوا له بالرحمة

“O you who have eemaan, send salah upon him” – meaning: supplicate for mercy to be granted to him.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 6/372]

Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

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