Assorted Qur’an Benefits #29

What follows is a collected of Qur’anic benefits originally posted on our social media channels in November 2018:

Taking Comfort in the Story of Yusuf and Ya’qub

In the beginning of his explanation of surah Yusuf [12], Imam al-Baghawi mentions the following statement:

وقال ابن عطاء : لا يسمع سورة يوسف محزون إلا استراح إليها .ـ

Ibn ‘Ataa’ said, “A sorrowful person cannot listen to surah Yusuf without finding some comfort in it.”

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 4/212]

Waking Up on the Day of Judgement

According to one explanation from the salaf, Allah describes the state of the mushrikoon at the time of their death and on the Day of Judgement in surah Saba’ by saying:

حَتَّىٰ إِذَا فُزِّعَ عَن قُلُوبِهِمْ قَالُوا مَاذَا قَالَ رَبُّكُمْ ۖ قَالُوا الْحَقَّ

When the fright is removed from their hearts, they will say, “What did your Lord say?” They will say, “the truth.” [34:23]

Commenting on this part of the ayah, al-haafidh Ismaa’eel ibn Kathir mentioned:

 ـ ( حتى إذا فزع عن قلوبهم ) يعني : المشركين عند الاحتضار ، ويوم القيامة إذا استيقظوا مما كانوا فيه من الغفلة في الدنيا ، ورجعت إليهم عقولهم يوم القيامة ، قالوا : ماذا قال ربكم ؟ فقيل لهم : الحق وأخبروا به مما كانوا عنه لاهين في الدنيا .ـ

“when the fright is removed from their hearts” – this is referring to the Mushrikoon at the time of death and then on the Day of Judgement when they will wake up from the heedlessness that had characterized them in the worldly life. On the Day of Judgement, their reason will return to them and they will ask, “What did your Lord say?” It will be said to them, “the truth,” and they will be informed of this truth that they had heedless to throughout their worldly lives.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 6/514]

Supplication Against the Misguidance of Trials

Allah informs the believers in surah al-Taghabun:

إِنَّمَا أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَأَوْلَادُكُمْ فِتْنَةٌ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ عِندَهُ أَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ

“You wealth and your children are but a trial. And Allah has with him a great reward.” [64:15]

Commenting on this in his tafsir, Imam al-Baghawi relayed the following narration:

وكان عبد الله بن مسعود يقول : لا يقولن أحدكم : اللهم إني أعوذ بك من الفتنة ، فإنه ليس منكم أحد يرجع إلى مال وأهل وولد إلا وهو مشتمل على فتنة ، ولكن ليقل : اللهم إني أعوذ بك من مضلات الفتن

‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood used to say: None of you should say, “O Allah, I seek refuge with You from trials!” For there is none of you who has any stake in wealth, family or offspring except that he is involved in trials. Instead, let him say, “O Allah, I seek refuge with you from the misguidance of trials!”

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 8/143. See also Tafsir al-Tabari 14/486-487]

♦ Some Characteristics of the Munafiqoon in Surah al-Ma’oon

The great mufassir Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari brought the following narration about the second half of surah al-Ma’oon:

ـ حدثني علي ، قال : ثنا أبو صالح ، قال : ثني معاوية ، عن علي ، عن ابن عباس ، في قوله : ( فويل للمصلين الذين هم عن صلاتهم ساهون ) فهم المنافقون كانوا يراءون الناس بصلاتهم إذا حضروا ، ويتركونها إذا غابوا ، ويمنعونهم العارية بغضا لهم ، وهو الماعون . ـ

Regarding the ayaat,

فَوَيْلٌ لِّلْمُصَلِّينَ * الَّذِينَ هُمْ عَن صَلَاتِهِمْ سَاهُونَ

Woe to those who pray * those who are heedless of their prayer [107:4-5]

… ibn ‘Abbaas said: These are the munafiqoon. It is their way that they want their prayer to be seen by people when others are present, leave off praying when no one is around, and abstain from lending any of their household items to others – which is what al-ma’oon is – out of enmity towards them.

[Tafsir al-Tabari 24/631]

♦ The Outcome of Deviation

Near the beginning of surah al-Saff, Allah says:

فَلَمَّا زَاغُوا أَزَاغَ اللَّـهُ قُلُوبَهُمْ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ

And when they deviated, Allah caused their hearts to deviate. And Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people. (61:5)

The great mufassir Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari mentioned the following narration in his explanation of this ayah:

 وقد حدثني يعقوب بن إبراهيم ، قال : ثنا هشيم ، قال : أخبرنا العوام ، قال : ثنا أبو غالب ، عن أبي أمامة في قوله : ( فلما زاغوا أزاغ الله قلوبهم ) قال : هم الخوارج ( والله لا يهدي القوم الفاسقين ) يقول : والله لا يوفق لإصابة الحق القوم الذين اختاروا الكفر على الإيمان . ـ

… Abu Umamah said about Allah’s statement:

 فلما زاغوا أزاغ الله قلوبهم

So when they deviated Allah caused their hearts to deviate …

these are the Khawaarij

 والله لا يهدي القوم الفاسقين

… and Allah does not guide the definitely disobedient people.

Allah does not grant those people who have chosen kufr over eemaan the accord to find the truth.

[Tafsir al-Tabari 23/358]

See also: Clarifying “Allah does not guide the wrong-doers”: Imam al-Sa’di

A Link Between Surah al-Feel and Surah al-Nasr

Sheikh Muhammad al-Shawkani mentioned the following narration in his tafsir of surah al-Nasr:

 قال الحسن : لما فتح رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم مكة قال العرب : أما إذ ظفر محمد بأهل الحرم ، وقد أجارهم الله من أصحاب الفيل ، فليس لكم به يدان ، فكانوا يدخلون في دين الله أفواجا : أي جماعات كثيرة بعد أن كانوا يدخلون واحدا واحدا ، واثنين اثنين ، فصارت القبيلة تدخل بأسرها في الإسلام . ـ

al-Hasan al-Basri said: When Allah’s Messenger conquered Mecca, the Arabs said to themselves, “If Muhammad was victorious over the People of the Haram whom Allah had protected from the Ashab al-Feel [Abrahah and his army], then you do not have any power against him.” So they began entering into Allah’s religion in multitudes – i.e. in group after group when previously people had only been coming into Islam one or two at a time. It became the case that an entire tribe with all of its members would enter into Islam at once.

[Fath al-Qadeer 1/1664]

Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

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