Forms of the Qur’an Explaining the Qur’an: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool

Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool, a professor at Umm al-Qura University in Mecca, summarized the following points in a post of his social media:

صور تفسير القرآن بالقرآن : ـ
Forms of the Qur’an Explaining the Qur’an

ـ – ما أجمل في مكان يفسر بما فصل في مكان آخر. ـ

What is mentioned in a general way in one place is explained in further detail elsewhere.

 ـ – أن يفسر اللفظ بما جاء في تفسيره بعده مباشرة، كما في قوله تعالى: ﴿وما أدراك ما الطارق . النجم الثاقب﴾. ـ

A word or phrase could be explained by what comes immediately after it, such as with Allah’s statement:

وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الطَّارِقُ * النَّجْمُ الثَّاقِبُ

And what will make you know what al-Tariq is? * A strikingly bright star [86:2-3]

 ـ – أن يفسر بالمقابلة، كما في قوله تعالى: ﴿وَأَنَّهُ هُوَ أَغْنَى وَأَقْنَى﴾ (النجم: 48). ـ

Something could be explained by way of contrast, such as with Allah’s statement:

وَأَنَّهُ هُوَ أَغْنَى وَأَقْنَى

And it is He who enriches or impoverishes [53:48]

ـ – أن تفسر الآية بالقراءة المتواترة فيها. أمّا القراءة الشاذة فهي لا يجزم بأنها من الأحرف ولا ليست منها، فيبقى على أدنى الأحوال أنها من الحديث المرفوع، أو الموثوق الذي له حكم الرفع. ـ

An ayah can be explained by another authentically mass-transmitted [mutawaatir] qiraa’ah of the same ayah.

As for a non-canonical [shadhqiraa’ah, it cannot be known with certainty whether this qiraa’ah comes from one of the other ahruf of the Qur’an or not. But at the very least, a non-canonical qiraa’ah would still hold the status of a marfoo’ hadith or a reliable report which is treated in the same way.

ـ – أن تفسر بحسب السياق. ـ

An ayah could be explained in light of the surrounding context.

ـ – أن تفسر بحسب أساليب اللغة. يراجع في هذا مقدمة تفسير الشنقيطي (أضواء البيان في إيضاح القرآن بالقرآن). ـ

An ayah could be explained by conventions of the language. For more on this, refer to al-Shinqitee’s introduction to his tafsir, Adhwaa’ al-Bayaan fee Eedhah al-Qur’an bi’l-Qur’an.

[Original Arabic posted on the sheikh’s Facebook page here]

See also: The Types of Tafsir: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool

For more details or other sources of tafsir, explore: Sources of Tafsir Article Index

See also: The Importance of Tafsir and its Sources: Sheikh al-Fawzan

For more details about how qiraa’aat can explain the Qur’an, explore: Qiraa’aat Article Index

See also: Tafsir of the Qur’an and its Connection to the Qiraa’aat: al-Suyooti

See also: Non-Canonical Recitations Can Help Explain the Qur’an: al-Zarkashi

See also: Is the Qur’an Sufficient on its Own?: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool

Also explore: Supposed Contradictions in the Qur’an Article Index

One thought on “Forms of the Qur’an Explaining the Qur’an: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool

  1. Pingback: The Types of Tafsir: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool | Tulayhah

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