The Battles of the Prophet Mentioned in the Qur’an: ibn al-Qayyim

The great scholar ibn al-Qayyim mentioned the following in his biography of the Prophet, Zad al-Ma’aad:

فصل في غزواته وبعوثه وسراياه صلى الله عليه وسلم
Chapter on the Battles Led by Prophet, Military Expeditions in which No Fighting Occurred, and Battles Led by the Sahabah

غزواته كلها وبعوثه وسراياه كانت بعد الهجرة في مدة عشر سنين ، فالغزوات سبع وعشرون ، وقيل : خمس وعشرون ، وقيل : تسع وعشرون ، وقيل غير ذلك ، قاتل منها في تسع : بدر ، وأحد ، والخندق ، وقريظة ، والمصطلق ، وخيبر ، والفتح ، وحنين ، والطائف . وقيل : قاتل في بني النضير ، والغابة ، ووادي القرى من أعمال خيبر . وأما سراياه وبعوثه ، فقريب من ستين . ـ

All of the battles led by the Prophet, military expeditions in which no fighting occurred, and battles led by the Sahabah occurred after the Hijrah and took place over the course of ten years.

There were a total of 27 battles led by the Prophet, though some counted 25 or 29 or other numbers.

The Prophet himself fought in nine of them, which were:

  • Badr
  • Uhud
  • al-Khandaq
  • Quraythah
  • al-Mustalaq
  • Khaybar
  • al-Fath (the victory of Mecca)
  • Hunayn
  • al-Taa’if

And some say that he also fought in the battle of Banu al-Nadheer, the battle of al-Ghabah, and the battle of Wadi al-Quraa, which was part of the battle of Khaybar.

Then the battles led by the Sahabah and military expeditions in which no fighting actually occurred numbered around 60.

والغزوات الكبار الأمهات سبع : بدر ، وأحد ، والخندق ، وخيبر ، والفتح ، وحنين ، وتبوك . وفي شأن هذه الغزوات نزل القرآن ، فسورة ( الأنفال ) سورة بدر ، وفي أحد آخر سورة ( آل عمران ) من قوله ( وإذ غدوت من أهلك تبوئ المؤمنين مقاعد للقتال ) [ آل عمران 121 ] إلى قبيل آخرها بيسير ، وفي قصة الخندق ، وقريظة ، وخيبر صدر ( سورة الأحزاب ) ، وسورة ( الحشر ) في بني النضير ، وفي قصة الحديبية وخيبر سورة ( الفتح ) وأشير فيها إلى الفتح ، وذكر الفتح صريحا في سورة ( النصر ) . ـ

The major seminal battles led by the Prophet were seven:

  1. Badr
  2. Uhud
  3. al-Khandaq
  4. Khaybar
  5. al-Fath (the Victory of Mecca)
  6. Hunayn
  7. Tabook

and parts of the Qur’an were revealed about these battles.

(1) Surah al-Anfal [08] is also known as the Surah of Badr.

(2) As for the Battle of Uhud, see the end of surah Aal ‘Imran [03] from

وَإِذْ غَدَوْتَ مِنْ أَهْلِكَ تُبَوِّئُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَقَاعِدَ لِلْقِتَالِ

And remember when you left your family in the morning to post the believers at their stations for the battle [3:121]

until just before the end of the surah.

(3),(4) As for the story of al-Khandaq, al-Quraythah and Khaybar, see the opening of surah al-Ahzab [33].

Surah al-Hashr [59] is about the Battle of Banu al-Nadheer.

(4), (5) Surah al-Fath [48] deals with the story of al-Hudaybiyyah and Khaybar, and also alludes to the victory of Mecca.

(5) The the Victory of Mecca is mentioned explicitly in surah al-Nasr [110].

[Translator’s Note: (6), (7) Surah al-Tawbah deals with the Battle of Hunayn and the Battle of Tabook.]

[Zad al-Ma’aad pg. 125]

Translator’s Note: This list was not written to be exhaustive, but serves to provide a general summary and introduction.

See also: Birr and Ihsan towards Non-Muslims: Ibn al-Qayyim

See also: Paying Attention to Who the Qur’an is Addressing: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool

See also: If They Incline Towards Peace, then Incline Towards it: Tafsir ibn Kathir

See also: Were the Commands to Pardon and Excuse Abrogated?: Tafsir al-Tabari

See also: Allusions to the Battle of Badr in the Qur’an: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

One thought on “The Battles of the Prophet Mentioned in the Qur’an: ibn al-Qayyim

  1. Pingback: Allusions to the Battle of Badr in the Qur’an: Tafsir al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

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