Assorted Qur’an Benefits #27

What follows is a collection of benefits related to the Qur’an which were originally published on our social media pages in the month of July and August 2018:

♦ The Importance of Reciting with Tarteel

While discussing the importance of reciting the Qur’an with tarteel (slow and measured recitation) in his manual of the Qur’anic sciences, al-Suyooti brings the following quote from Imam al-Nawawi:

وقراءة جزء بترتيل أفضل من قراءة جزئين في قدر ذلك الزمان بلا ترتيل

Reciting one juz’ with tarteel is better than reciting two juz’ in the same amount of time without tarteel.

[al-Itqaan fee ‘Uloom al-Qur’an 1/343]

♦ A Parable of Those Who Know the Explanation of the Qur’an

Imam al-Qurtubi mentioned the following narration in part of the introduction to his tafsir:

وقال إياس بن معاوية : مثل الذين يقرءون القرآن وهم لا يعلمون تفسيره ، كمثل قوم جاءهم كتاب من ملكهم ليلا وليس عندهم مصباح ، فتداخلتهم روعة ولا يدرون ما في الكتاب ; ومثل الذي يعرف التفسير كمثل رجل جاءهم بمصباح فقرءوا ما في الكتاب . ـ

Iyaas ibn Mu’aawiyah said: Those who recite the Qur’an without knowing its explanation are a like a people who receive a letter from their king during the night but do not have any lamp. Apprehension comes over them, for they do not know what the letter contains. But the person who knows the explanation is like a man who bring them a lamp so that they can read what is in the letter.

[Tafsir al-Qurtubi 1/41]

♦ Whoever Recites the Qur’an and Follows What it Contains

In his chapter of “Regarding the Virtue of One Who Recites the Qur’an”, ibn Abi Shaybah brought the following narration:

 حدثنا محمد بن فضيل عن عطاء بن السائب عن أبيه عن سعيد بن جبير عن ابن عباس قال : من قرأ القرآن واتبع ما فيه هداه الله من الضلالة ووقاه يوم القيامة سوء الحساب ، وذلك بأن الله يقول : فمن اتبع هداي فلا يضل ولا يشقى . ـ

Ibn ‘Abbaas said: Whoever recites the Qur’an and follows what it contains, Allah will guide him away from misguidance and protect him from a bad reckoning on the Day of Resurrection. That is because Allah says:

فَمَنِ اتَّبَعَ هُدَايَ فَلَا يَضِلُّ وَلَا يَشْقَىٰ

So whoever follows my guidance will neither go astray nor suffer distress [20:123]

[Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah 7/156. The same or similar narrations can also be found in Tafsir al-Tabari, al-Durr al-Manthoor, Tafsir al-Qurtubi, Tafsir al-Baghawi and elsewhere]

♦ A Common Theme of the Oaths in Surah al-Fajr

Allah begins surah al-Fajr with a series of oaths. After discussing the meanings of each one of these oaths in detail, al-haafidh ibn Kathir concluded by summarizing:

وهذا القسم هو بأوقات العبادة ، وبنفس العبادة من حج وصلاة وغير ذلك من أنواع القرب التي يتقرب بها [ إليه عباده ] المتقون المطيعون له ، الخائفون منه ، المتواضعون لديه ، الخاشعون لوجهه الكريم . ـ

These oaths are the times of worship and acts of worship themselves such as Hajj, the prayer, and other forms of devotion through which the slaves seek to draw close to their Lord – those slaves who exercise taqwa and obedience to Allah, who fear Him, who humble themselves towards Him, and who revere His Noble Face.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 8/394]

♦ Wasting Money

In surah al-Balad, Allah describes some blameworthy characteristics, one of which being that a person might boast:

 يَقُولُ أَهْلَكْتُ مَالًا لُّبَدًا

He says: I have wasted wealth in abundance. [90:6]

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di commented on this by writing:

 وسمى الله تعالى الإنفاق في الشهوات والمعاصي إهلاكا، لأنه لا ينتفع المنفق بما أنفق، ولا يعود إليه من إنفاقه إلا الندم والخسار والتعب والقلة، لا كمن أنفق في مرضاة الله في سبيل الخير، فإن هذا قد تاجر مع الله، وربح أضعاف أضعاف ما أنفق. ـ

Allah called this spending on one’s lusts and sinfulness “wasting” because what he spends does not end up benefiting him or giving him any return other than regret, loss, weariness and decrease.

This is in contrast to the person who spends in the path of good in pursuit of Allah’s pleasure. Such a person has entered into a business transaction with Allah where he will find what he initially spent multiplied many times over in profit.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 1093]

♦ Contemplating the Qur’an

In the midst of an explanation of surah al-Hadeed, sheikh Salih al-Fawzan mentioned the following point:

فليس المقصود أنك تحفظ القرآن عن ظهر قلب ، وأنك تقرؤه بتجويد وصوت الحسن ، ليس هذا هو المقصود ، هذا وسيلة إلى التدبر ، والتدبر وسيلة إلى الخشوغ والعمل . وأما مجرد أن تحفظ القرآن وتتلوه وتجيد تلاوته ، فهذا ليس هو المقصود .ـ

The point is not that you memorize the Qur’an by heart and recite it with tajweed and a nice voice. That is not the end goal; that is just a means to contemplating the Qur’an, and contemplating is a means to having khushoo’ and acting according to the Qur’an. As for merely memorizing the Qur’an, reciting it and beautifying your recitation – that is not the end goal.

[Tafsir Hizb al-Mufassal 1/394]

♦ Those Whose Hearts Allah has Tested for Taqwa

Ibn Kathir mentioned the following narration in the first section of his tafsir of surah al-Hujurat:

 وقد قال الإمام أحمد في كتاب الزهد : حدثنا عبد الرحمن ، حدثنا سفيان ، عن منصور ، عن مجاهد ، قال : كتب إلى عمر يا أمير المؤمنين ، رجل لا يشتهي المعصية ولا يعمل بها ، أفضل ، أم رجل يشتهي المعصية ولا يعمل بها ؟ فكتب عمر ، رضي الله عنه : إن الذين يشتهون المعصية ولا يعملون بها ( أولئك الذين امتحن الله قلوبهم للتقوى لهم مغفرة وأجر عظيم ) . ـ

Imam Ahmad said in his “Kitab al-Zuhd” … that Mujahid said:

Somebody wrote to ‘Umar saying: O Ameer al-Mu’mineen, who is better, a man who does not desire to commit a sin and so does not, or a man who does desire to commit a sin but does not act on it?

‘Umar wrote back: Those who desire to commit a sin but do not act on it are

أُولَـٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ امْتَحَنَ اللَّـهُ قُلُوبَهُمْ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ ۚ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ وَأَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ

those whose hearts Allah has tested for taqwa. They will have forgiveness and a tremendous reward. [49:3]

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 7/368]

Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

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