Assorted Qur’an Benefits #25

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our social media during the months of April and May of 2018:

♦ Expiation of Minor Sins

In his Saheeh, Imam Muslim mentions the hadith of the Prophet that:

 الصَّلَوَاتُ الْخَمْسُ وَالْجُمُعَةُ إِلَى الْجُمُعَةِ وَرَمَضَانُ إِلَى رَمَضَانَ مُكَفِّرَاتٌ مَا بَيْنَهُنَّ إِذَا اجْتَنَبَ الْكَبَائِرَ

The five daily prayers, one jumu’ah to the next, and one Ramadan to the next expiate what is in between them, so long as one avoids the major sins.

Commenting on this hadith, sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di pointed out:

وعلم من هذا الحديث: أن كل نص جاء فيه تكفير بعض الأعمال الصالحة للسيئات، فإنما المراد به الصغائر؛ لأن هذه العبادات الكبار إذا كانت لا تكفر بها الكبائر فكيف بما دونها؟

From this hadith, we come to know that every ayah or hadith that mentions the expiation of sins by way of certain righteous actions is only referring to the expiation of minor sins. For the acts of worship mentioned in this hadith are great acts of worship, so if these do not expiate the major sins, then what about lesser acts of worship?

And he also mentioned:

أما الكبائر فلا بد لها من توبة.ـ

As for the major sins, then they require one to make tawbah.

[Bahjah al-Quloob al-Abrar, hadith #24]


♦ The Sanctity of the Sacred Months

Sheikh ‘Abd al-‘Aziz al-Raajihi wrote the following on his twitter account here on April 1st:

لا يجوز للإنسان أن يظلم نفسه بالشرك والمعاصي في جميع الشهور، وفي جميع الأزمان، ولكن ظلم النفس بالمعاصي في الأشهر الحرم أشد وأعظم لقول الله عز وجل : (ذلك ومن يعظم حرمات الله فهو خير له) ولقوله سبحانه: (ذلك ومن يعظم شعائر الله فإنها من تقوى القلوب).ـ

It is not allowed for a person to wrong himself by committing shirk or acts of disobedience in any month or at any time. However, wronging oneself with acts of disobedience during the Sacred Months (Muharram, Rajab, Dhu’l-Qa’dah, & Dhu’l-Hijjah) is even worse and more serious. This is according to Allah’s statement:

ذَٰلِكَ وَمَن يُعَظِّمْ حُرُمَاتِ اللَّـهِ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّهُ

That, and whoever honors the sacred things of Allah, then that is better for him… [22:30]

And His statement:

ذَٰلِكَ وَمَن يُعَظِّمْ شَعَائِرَ اللَّـهِ فَإِنَّهَا مِن تَقْوَى الْقُلُوبِ

That, and whoever honors the symbols of Allah, then that is part of the piety of the hearts. [22:32]

[See reference here]


♦ A Point of Benefit on Responding to the Adhaan

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di wrote:

وقد وردت النصوص الكثيرة بفضله، وكثرة ثوابه، واستحباب إجابة المؤذن، وأن يقول المجيب مثل ما يقول المؤذن إلا إذا قال: “حَيَّ على الصلاة، حيَّ على الفلاح” فيقول كلمة الاستعانة بالله على ما دعا إليه من الصلاة والفلاح الذي هو الخير كله: “لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله”

There are a great number of texts that tell us about the merits of the adhaan, its great rewards, and that it is recommended to respond to the mu’adhin.

So the one responding says just what the mu’adhin says, except when he says, “Come to prayer. Come to success”.

In this case, he says a phrase of seeking Allah’s assistance in accomplishing this prayer and success – which encompasses all good – which he is being called to: [لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله] – “There is no might or power except by Allah.”

[Bahjah al-Quloob al-Abraar, hadith #25]


♦ The Most Severe Ayah About the People of the Hellfire

Both ibn Jarir al-Tabari and ibn Kathir mention the following narration in their explanations of surah al-Naba’:

 قال قتادة : عن أبي أيوب الأزدي ، عن عبد الله بن عمرو قال : لم ينزل على أهل النار آية أشد من هذه : ( فذوقوا فلن نزيدكم إلا عذابا ) قال : فهم في مزيد من العذاب أبدا . ـ

… it is reported that ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr said: There is no ayah revealed about the people of hellfire that is more severe than this one:

فَذُوقُوا فَلَن نَّزِيدَكُمْ إِلَّا عَذَابًا

So taste [the result of your sins], for you will not be increased in anything except punishment [78:30]

So they will be in increasing punishment for all eternity.

[Tafsir ibn Jarir 24/169, and Tafsir ibn Kathir 8/58]


♦ Allah’s Kindness to His Slaves

Imam al-Baghawi mentioned the following in his tafsir of surah Taha:

وقرأ رجل عند يحيى بن معاذ هذه الآية : ( فقولا له قولا لينا ) فبكى يحيى ، وقال : إلهي هذا رفقك بمن يقول أنا الإله ، فكيف رفقك بمن يقول أنت الإله ؟! ـ

Someone recited the following ayah while with Yahya ibn Mu’aadh:

فَقُولَا لَهُ قَوْلًا لَّيِّنًا

And speak [O Moosaa and Harun] to him [i.e. Fir’awn] with gentle speech…  [20:44]

Yahyah began to cry and said, “My God, this is Your kindness to someone who says, ‘I am god’, so what about Your kindness to someone who says, ‘You are God’!?”

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 5/275]


♦ Etiquette of Attending the Congregational Prayers

Allah says in surah al-A’raaf:

يَا بَنِي آدَمَ خُذُوا زِينَتَكُمْ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسْجِدٍ وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا وَلَا تُسْرِفُوا ۚ إِنَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُسْرِفِينَ

O children of Adam, adorn yourselves at every place of prayer, and eat and drink, but do not be wasteful. Certainly Allah does not like those who are wasteful. [7:31]

After discussing the reasons for the revelation of this ayah, al-haafidh ibn Kathir then said:

ولهذه الآية ، وما ورد في معناها من السنة ، يستحب التجمل عند الصلاة ، ولا سيما يوم الجمعة ويوم العيد ، والطيب لأنه من الزينة ، والسواك لأنه من تمام ذلك

From this ayah and what has been transmitted related to its meaning in the sunnah we learn that it recommended to make oneself look pleasant for the prayer, especially on the days of Jumu’ah and ‘Eid. Also, it is encouraged to use musk as this is a type of adornment. And likewise to use the miswak, as this rounds it all off.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 3/406]


♦ How the Muttaqoon Spend Their Nights

In surah al-Dhaariyaat, Allah describes the muttaqoon who will be in Jannah with the following characteristics:

كَانُوا قَلِيلًا مِّنَ اللَّيْلِ مَا يَهْجَعُونَ * وَبِالْأَسْحَارِ هُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُونَ

They used to sleep but little of the night * and in the last hours of the night they would be seeking forgiveness [51:17-18]

The authors of al-Tafsir al-Muyassar provided the following gloss of these ayaat:

كان هؤلاء المحسنون قليلا من الليل ما ينامون ، يُصَلُّون لربهم قانتين له ، وفي أواخر الليل قبيل الفجر يستغفرون الله من ذنوبهم . ـ

These muhsinoon used to only sleep a small part of the night, standing devotedly in prayer to their Lord. And in the last part of the night right before fajr they seek Allah’s forgiveness for their sins.

[al-Tafsir al-Muyassar pg. 521]


Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

2 thoughts on “Assorted Qur’an Benefits #25

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