Assorted Qur’an Benefits #23

What follows are  brief benefits originally posted on our Facebook and Telegram pages in January and the beginning of February 2018:

♦ The Importance of Learning Arabic

Allah informs us in the first part of surah Ibrahim:

وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا بِلِسَانِ قَوْمِهِ لِيُبَيِّنَ لَهُمْ

And We have not sent any messenger except in the language of his people, in order to make it clear to them… [14:04]

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di mentioned the following point in his explanation of this ayah:

ويستدل بهذه الآية الكريمة على أن علوم العربية الموصلة إلى تبيين كلامه وكلام رسوله أمور مطلوبة محبوبة لله لأنه لا يتم معرفة ما أنزل على رسوله إلا بها إلا إذا كان الناس بحالة لا يحتاجون إليها، وذلك إذا تمرنوا على العربية، ونشأ عليها صغيرهم وصارت طبيعة لهم فحينئذ قد اكتفوا المؤنة، وصلحوا لأن يتلقوا عن الله وعن رسوله ابتداء كما تلقى عنهم الصحابة رضي الله عنهم.ـ

This noble ayah can be used to show that the sciences of the Arabic language which enable one to understand Allah’s speech and the speech of His Messenger are something which are encouraged to learn and beloved to Allah. That is because knowing what Allah sent down to His Messenger can not be fully achieved without learning them.

That is the case, except for those people who do not need to learn those sciences – i.e. those how are accustomed to the Arabic language, having been brought up on it since their youth and it being natural for them. In that case, what they have is sufficient and suitable, for they are able to receive the message from Allah and His Messenger just as the Sahabah (may Allah be pleased with them) did.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 488]


Understanding the Parables of the Qur’an

The great mufassir al-haafidh Ismaa’eel ibn Kathir mentioned in his tafsir:

 قال بعض السلف : إذا سمعت المثل في القرآن فلم أفهمه بكيت على نفسي ؛ لأن الله تعالى يقول : ( وتلك الأمثال نضربها للناس وما يعقلها إلا العالمون )

One of the salaf said: If I heard a parable in the Qur’an but didn’t understand it, I would weep for myself, for Allah says,

وَتِلْكَ الْأَمْثَالُ نَضْرِبُهَا لِلنَّاسِ ۖ وَمَا يَعْقِلُهَا إِلَّا الْعَالِمُونَ

And We strike these parables for mankind, but none will understand them except for those who have knowledge.[29:43]

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 1/208]


♦ The Difference Between al-Qudrah and al-Quwwah [both of which are often translated as strength, might, power, etc.]

Sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen mentioned the following point of benefit while explaining part of surah al-Baqarah [2:106]:

و “القدرة” صفة تقوم بالقادر بحيث يفعل الفعل بلا عجز؛ و”القوة” صفة تقوم بالقوي بحيث يفعل الفعل بلا ضعف؛ إذاً المقابل للقدرة: العجز؛ لقوله تعالى: {وما كان الله ليعجزه من شيء في السموات ولا في الأرض إنه كان عليماً قديراً} [فاطر: 44] ؛ والمقابل للقوة: الضعف، قال تعالى: {الله الذي خلقكم من ضعف ثم جعل من بعد ضعف قوة} [الروم:54] ؛ والفرق الثاني بينهما: أن “القوة” يوصف بها من له إرادة، وما ليس له إرادة؛ فيقال: رجل قوي؛ وحديد قوي؛ وأما “القدرة” فلا يوصف بها إلا ذو إرادة؛ فلا يقال: حديد قادر..ـ

al-Qudrah is an attribute that applies to a powerful person when he does an action without any inability on his part, while al-Quwwah is an attribute that applies to a powerful person when he does an action without any weakness on his part.

So the counterpart to qudrah is inability, such as when Allah says:

وَمَا كَانَ اللَّـهُ لِيُعْجِزَهُ مِن شَيْءٍ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَلَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ عَلِيمًا قَدِيرًا

But it is not the case for Allah that anything in the heavens or on the earth is able to escape Him. Indeed, He is all-knowing, all-powerful [35:44]

And the counterpart to quwwah is weakness. Allah said:

اللَّـهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُم مِّن ضَعْفٍ ثُمَّ جَعَلَ مِن بَعْدِ ضَعْفٍ قُوَّةً

Allah is the One who created you from a thing of weakness, and then after that weakness He made you strong. [30:54]

And a second difference between these two terms is that al-quwwah can be used to describe both a living thing which has a will and an inanimate thing without a will, for one can say “a qawiyy man” or “qawwi iron”. On the other hand, al-qudrah can only be used to describe something with a will, so you could not say, “qaadir iron”.

[Tafsir al-Thamin li’l-‘Allaamah al-‘Uthaymeen 1/268]


♦ What to Recite for the Maghrib Prayer

Sheikh ‘Abd al-‘Aziz al-Rajihi wrote the following in a tweet:

لم يكون من عادة النبي المداومة على قصار السور في المغرب بل كان تارة وتارة ، فقد قرأ فيها بالطور والنجم ومرة واحدة بالأعراف ، وقيل : أن أول من سن ملازمة القصار في صلاة المغرب هو مروان رضي الله عنه . ـ

It wasn’t the habit of the Prophet (ﷺ) to always stick to the short surahs in salah al-Maghrib. Rather, sometimes he would do that, and sometimes something else. For he recited surah al-Toor and surah al-Najm in salah al-Maghrib, and one time he recited surah al-A’raaf.

Some say that the first person to start the practice of always sticking to the short surahs in salah al-Maghrib was Marwan (may Allah be pleased with him).

[Tweet from the Sheikh’s Twitter account on February 18th, 2018]


♦ It is not Your Wealth or Your Children …

Allah says in surah Saba’:

وَمَا أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَلَا أَوْلَادُكُم بِالَّتِي تُقَرِّبُكُمْ عِندَنَا زُلْفَىٰ إِلَّا مَنْ آمَنَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَأُولَـٰئِكَ لَهُمْ جَزَاءُ الضِّعْفِ بِمَا عَمِلُوا وَهُمْ فِي الْغُرُفَاتِ آمِنُونَ

And it is not your wealth or your children that bring you nearer to Us, but those who have eemaan and do righteous deeds – for them there will be the double reward for what they did, and they will be in the upper chambers of Paradise, safe. [34:37]

In his explanation of surah Saba’, ibn Kathir mentioned the following:

قال : ( وما أموالكم ولا أولادكم بالتي تقربكم عندنا زلفى ) أي : ليست هذه دليلا على محبتنا لكم ، ولا اعتنائنا بكم

قال الإمام أحمد ، رحمه الله : حدثنا كثير ، حدثنا جعفر ، حدثنا يزيد بن الأصم ، عن أبي هريرة ، رضي الله عنه ، قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : إن الله لا ينظر إلى صوركم وأموالكم ، ولكن إنما ينظر إلى قلوبكم وأعمالكم ” . [ و ] رواه مسلم وابن ماجه ، من حديث كثير بن هشام ، عن جعفر بن برقان ، به . ـ

Allah says, “It is not your wealth or your children that bring you nearer to Us” – meaning: these things are not a proof of Allah’s love for you or His great attention towards you.

Imam Ahmad reported … from Abu Hurayrah that he said, “Allah’s Messenger said: Allah does not look at your outward appearances or your wealth, but He looks at your hearts and your deeds.” And this was also reported by Muslim and ibn Majah …

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 6/522]


Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

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