Explanation of Ayah al-Kursi: al-Tafsir al-Muyassar

Allah says the following in surah al-Baqarah, in the ayah known as Ayah al-Kursi:

اللَّـهُ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ ۚ لَا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلَا نَوْمٌ ۚ لَّهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۗ مَن ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِندَهُ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِ ۚ يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ ۖ وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلَّا بِمَا شَاءَ ۚ وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ ۖ وَلَا يَئُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا ۚ وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ

Allah – none has the right be worshiped except Him, al-Hayy al-Qayyoom. Neither tiredness nor sleep overtakes Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. Who can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is ahead of them and what is behind them, and they grasp nothing of His knowledge except what He wills. His foot-stool extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding them. And He is al-‘Alee al-‘Atheem. [2:255]

The authors of al-Tafsir al-Muyassar, an abbreviated work of salafi tafsir written in modern times, provided the following explanation of this ayah. The book al-Tafsir al-Muyassar is written as commentary in the margins of the Madinah Mushaf, so the explanations function as a sort of gloss or almost like a paraphrase of the ayah with some additional comments:

الله الذي لا يستحق الألوهية والعبودية إلا هو، الحيُّ الذي له جميع معاني الحياة الكاملة كما يليق بجلاله، القائم على كل شيء، لا تأخذه سِنَة أي: نعاس، ولا نوم، كل ما في السموات وما في الأرض ملك له، ولا يتجاسر أحد أن يشفع عنده إلا بإذنه، محيط علمه بجميع الكائنات ماضيها وحاضرها ومستقبلها، يعلم ما بين أيدي الخلائق من الأمور المستقبلة، وما خلفهم من الأمور الماضية، ولا يَطَّلعُ أحد من الخلق على شيء من علمه إلا بما أعلمه الله وأطلعه عليه. وسع كرسيه السموات والأرض، والكرسي: هو موضع قدمي الرب- جل جلاله- ولا يعلم كيفيته إلا الله سبحانه، ولا يثقله سبحانه حفظهما، وهو العلي بذاته وصفاته على جميع مخلوقاته، الجامع لجميع صفات العظمة والكبرياء. وهذه الآية أعظم آية في القرآن، وتسمى: آية الكرسي. ـ

Allah, the One besides Whom no one else deserves to be deified or worshiped.

He is al-Hayy – the Ever-Living – Who exemplifies every aspect of complete life in a manner befitting His majesty. He is the One presiding over everything.

Weariness – meaning tiredness – does not overtake Him, nor does sleep.

All that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth is His dominion.

No one has the audacity to intercede with Him unless He grants them permission.

His knowledge encompasses everything in existence; what has been, what is now, and what will be. He knows the future affairs that lie ahead of the created beings and the past events that lie behind them.

Not a single created being can come to grasp even the slightest bit of His knowledge except for what Allah teaches him and acquaints him with.

His Kursi extends the expanse of the heavens and the earth. And this Kursi is the place of the Lord’s Feet – exalted is He – and no one knows its nature except for Allah.

It is no burden on Him to preserve and protect the heavens and the earth.

And He is High above all of His creation in terms of His essence and His attributes; Completely embodying every grand and magnificent characteristic.

This ayah is the greatest ayah in the Qur’an, and it is called, “Ayah al-Kursi.”

[al-Tafsir al-Muyassar pg. 42]

Read two more detailed explanations of Ayah al-Kursi here: Tafsir of Ayah al-Kursi Guide

Learn more about this book of tafsir here: al-Tafsir al-Muyassar Mufassir Profile

See also: Tafsir of Surah al-Fatihah: al-Tafsir al-Muyassar

See also: Differing Levels of Merits for Certain Surahs and Ayaat: al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah

4 thoughts on “Explanation of Ayah al-Kursi: al-Tafsir al-Muyassar

  1. Pingback: Tafsir of Surah al-Fatihah: al-Tafsir al-Muyassar | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: Differing Levels of Merits for Certain Surahs and Ayaat: al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: Tafsir of Ayah al-Kursi: Faisal Aal Mubarak | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: Seeking Refuge in Allah: al-Tafsir al-Muyassar | Tulayhah

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