Assorted Qur’an Benefits #20

What follows is a collection of various benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during August, September, October and November of 2017:

♦ The Knowledge of ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood

Sheikh Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shinqitee mentioned the following narration in part of his tafsir:

وقال ابن مسعود : إذا حدثتكم بحديث أنبأتكم بتصديقه من كتاب الله . أخرجه ابن أبي حاتم . ـ

ibn Mas’ood said, “If any of you were to narrate a hadeeth to me, I can tell you something from Allah’s Book which affirms it.” This was reported by ibn Abi Haatim.

[Adhwaa’ al-Bayaan 2/429]


♦ The Qur’an is the Spring of the Hearts

Imam al-Qurtubi mentioned the following quote in the last part of his tafsir of surah al-Shooraa [42]:

وكان مالك بن دينار يقول : يا أهل القرآن ، ماذا زرع القرآن في قلوبكم ؟ فإن القرآن ربيع القلوب كما أن الغيث ربيع الأرض . ـ

Malik ibn Dinar used to say, “O people of the Qur’an, what has the Qur’an produced in your hearts? For the Qur’an is the spring of the hearts, just as rain is the spring for the earth.”

[Jaami’ li-Ahkam al-Qur’an 16/53]


♦ Be Frequent in Seeking Allah’s Forgiveness

In part of his commentary on surah Aal ‘Imraan [03], Imam al-Qurtubi mentions the following words from the tabi’ee, Makhool:

وروى مكحول عن أبي هريرة قال : ما رأيت أكثر استغفارا من رسول الله ، – صلى الله عليه وسلم – . وقال مكحول : ما رأيت أكثر استغفارا من أبي هريرة . وكان مكحول كثير الاستغفار

Makhool related that Abu Hurayrah said, “I have never seen anyone more prolific in making istighfar than Allah’s Messenger.”

And Makhool said, “I personally have never seen anyone more prolific in making istighfar than Abu Hurayrah.”

And Makhool used to be quite prolific in making istighfar himself.

[Tafsir al-Qurtubi 4/201]


♦ Follow the Truth When It Becomes Clear to You

In one of his many letters, Ibn Taymiyah wrote the following:

وانتقال الإنسان من قول إلى قول لأجل ما تبين له من الحق هو محمود فيه بخلاف إصراره على قول لا حجة معه عليه وترك القول الذي وضحت حجته أو الانتقال عن قول إلى قول لمجرد عادة واتباع هوى فهذا مذموم .ـ

Changing one’s stance from one fiqh position to another as a result of the truth becoming clear to him is something for which he should be commended.

This is in contrast to maintaining a position without having any proof to support it while not adopting the position whose strength has become clear to him, or switching from one position to another merely due to it suiting one’s desires or habits – all of which is blameworthy behavior.

[Majmoo’ al-Fataawaa 20/214-215]


Surah al-Fatihah is the Foundation of the Qur’an

Sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen said:

سورة الفاتحة هي أم القرآن؛ وذلك لأن جميع مقاصد القرآن موجودة فيها، فهي مشتملة على التوحيد بأنواعه الثلاثة، وعلى الرسالة وعلى اليوم الآخر وعلى طرق الرسل ومخالفيهم وجميع ما يتعلق بأصول الشرائع ،ولهذا تسمى أم القرآن،وتسمى السبع المثاني كما صح ذلك عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم

Surah al-Fatihah is the foundation of the Qur’an. That is because all of the Qur’an’s themes are present within it. It includes Tawheed and its three categories, the concept of divine revelation, mention of the Last Day, the ways of the Messengers and those who opposed them, and everything which is related to the foundations of the divine legislation. Because of this, it is called Umm al-Qur’an [lit. “mother of the Qur’an” – foundation of the Qur’an]. And it is also called “The Seven Oft-Repeated”, as has been authentically transmitted from Allah’s Messenger.”

[Sharh al-Mumti’ 3/61]

See also: Ibn Kathir’s brief remarks on the contents of Surah al-Fatihah


♦ The Proper Response to Trials

The great mufassir, Imam ibn Jarir al-Tabari, mentioned the following narration in part of his explanation of surah al-Mu’minoon:

 حدثنا ابن حميد ، قال : ثنا الحكم بن بشير ، قال : أخبرنا عمرو ، قال : قال الحسن : إذا أصاب الناس من قبل الشيطان بلاء ، فإنما هي نقمة ، فلا تستقبلوا نقمة الله بالحمية ، ولكن استقبلوها بالاستغفار ، وتضرعوا إلى الله ، وقرأ هذه الآية : ( ولقد أخذناهم بالعذاب فما استكانوا لربهم وما يتضرعون ) . ـ

… al-Hasan al-Basri said: When a trial from the shaytaan afflicts the people, then this is nothing other than a deserved punishment. So don’t respond to one of Allah punishments with anger and agitation; instead respond to it by asking for Allah’s forgiveness and humbling yourselves to Allah.

And then he recited the ayah:

وَلَقَدْ أَخَذْنَاهُم بِالْعَذَابِ فَمَا اسْتَكَانُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَمَا يَتَضَرَّعُونَ

And We seized them with punishment, but they did not yield to their Lord nor did they humble themselves. [23:76]

[Tafsir al-Tabari 19/60]


♦ Allah’s Great Mercy Towards the Believers

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di mentioned the following point in part of his tafsir of surah al-A’raaf [07]:

قال بعض السلف: أهل الجنة نجوا من النار بعفو اللّه، وأدخلوا الجنة برحمة اللّه، واقتسموا المنازل وورثوها بالأعمال الصالحة وهي من رحمته، بل من أعلى أنواع رحمته.ـ

One of the salaf said: The people of Jannah are saved from the Hell-fire by Allah’s pardon, entered into Jannah by Allah’s mercy, and divided among and inherit the different levels of Jannah according to their righteous deeds – which are themselves part of Allah’s mercy. In fact, those righteous deeds are one of the highest forms of Allah’s mercy.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 325]


♦ Surah al-Maa’idah and Its Contents

al-Haafidh Ismaa’eel ibn Kathir mentioned the following narration in the first part of his explanation of surah al-Maa’idah [05]:

 وقال الحاكم أيضا : حدثنا أبو العباس محمد بن يعقوب ، حدثنا بحر بن نصر قال : قرئ على عبد الله بن وهب ، أخبرني معاوية بن صالح ، عن أبي الزاهرية ، عن جبير بن نفير قال : حججت فدخلت على عائشة ، فقالت لي : يا جبير تقرأ المائدة ؟ فقلت : نعم . فقالت : أما إنها آخر سورة نزلت فما وجدتم فيها من حلال فاستحلوه ، وما وجدتم فيها من حرام فحرموه . ثم قال : [ ص: 6 ] صحيح على شرط الشيخين ولم يخرجاه . ـ

al-Haakim mentioned …. that Jubayr ibn Nufayr said: I had made Hajj so I visited ‘Aa’ishah. She asked me, “Jubayr, do you recite surah al-Maa’idah?” I replied, “Yes,” so she said, “As for it, it is the last surah that was revealed. So whatever you find in it to be halal, then consider it to be halal, and whatever you find in it as haram, then hold it to be haram.”

And al-Haakim said: this is authentic according to the conditions of al-Bukhari and Muslim, though neither of them reported it.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 3/5-6]


Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

 

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