Assorted Qur’an Benefits #19

What follows is a collection of various benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during April, May, June and July of 2017:

♦ O Turner of the Hearts …

In his tafsir of surah Aal ‘Imraan, al-haafidh ibn Kathir mentioned the following narration:

قال ابن أبي حاتم : حدثنا عمرو بن عبد الله الأودي – وقال ابن جرير : حدثنا أبو كريب – قالا جميعا : حدثنا وكيع ، عن عبد الحميد بن بهرام ، عن شهر بن حوشب ، عن أم سلمة ، رضي الله عنها ، أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يقول : ” يا مقلب القلوب ثبت قلبي على دينك ” ثم قرأ : ( ربنا لا تزغ قلوبنا بعد إذ هديتنا وهب لنا من لدنك رحمة إنك أنت الوهاب )

Ibn Abi Haatim recorded … that Umm Salamah said that the Prophet said, “O Turner of hearts, make my heart steady upon Your religion” and then he recited:

 رَبَّنَا لَا تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ

Our Lord, do not let our hearts deviate after You have guided us, and grant us mercy from You. Truly, You are the Bestower. [3:8]

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 2/14]


♦ Fasting Combines All Types of Patience

Sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen made the following remarks:

الصيام صبر على طاعة الله، وصبر عن محارم الله، وصبر على أقدار الله المؤلمة من الجوع والعطش وضعف البدن والنفس؛ فقد اجتمعت فيه أنواع الصبر الثلاثة، وتحقق أن يكون الصائم من الصابرين، وقد قال الله تعالى: {إنما يوفى الصابرون أجرهم بغير حساب} [الزمر:10].ـ

Fasting is exercising patience in the obedience of Allah, and it is also exercising patience against the prohibitions of Allah, and it is also exercising patience in the face of those painful things – such as hurt, thirst, weakness of body and soul – which Allah has ordained.

So all three types of sabr – steadfast patience – are combined in fasting, and so the fasting person becomes one of the sabiroon. And Allah has said:

إِنَّمَا يُوَفَّى الصَّابِرُونَ أَجْرَهُم بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ

Only those who are patient shall receive their rewards in full, without reckoning. [39:10]

[Majmoo’ Fataawaa wa Rasaa’il al-‘Uthaymeen 20/200]


♦ Allah Responds to the Supplication of the Distressed

In surah al-Naml, Allah describes Himself by saying:

أَمَّن يُجِيبُ الْمُضْطَرَّ إِذَا دَعَاهُ وَيَكْشِفُ السُّوءَ

… He Who responds to one in distress when he calls Him, and Who removes harm [27:62]

In his commentary on this ayah, Imam al-Qurtubi mentioned the following athar:

وجاء رجل إلى مالك بن دينار فقال : أنا أسألك بالله أن تدعو لي فأنا مضطر ; قال : إذا فاسأله فإنه يجيب المضطر إذا دعاه

A man came to Maalik ibn Dinar and said, “I ask you, by Allah, to supplicate on my behalf, for I am truly in distress.”

So Maalik ibn Dinar responded, “If that is the case, then you should ask Him yourself for He is the One who responds to one in distress when he calls Him.”

[Tafsir al-Qurtubi 13/207]


♦ The Command to be Just

In his explanation of surah al-An’aam, ayah 152, al-haafidh ibn Kathir mentioned several ayaat commanding one to be just, and then commented:

يأمر تعالى بالعدل في الفعال والمقال ، على القريب والبعيد ، والله تعالى يأمر بالعدل لكل أحد ، في كل وقت ، وفي كل حال

Allah commands for there to be justice in both one’s actions and one’s statements, towards both one’s close ones and towards others, and Allah commands us to be just towards everyone, at all times, in every situation.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 3/204]


♦ Greeting ‘Eid al-Fitr

In his tafsir of the ayaat of fasting in surah al-Baqarah, the great mufassir Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari mentioned the following narration:

 قال ابن زيد : كان ابن عباس يقول : حق على المسلمين إذا نظروا إلى هلال شوال أن يكبروا الله حتى يفرغوا من عيدهم ، لأن الله تعالى ذكره يقول : ” ولتكملوا العدة ولتكبروا الله على ما هداكم ” .ـ

‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Zayd said: Ibn ‘Abbaas used to say:

It is a duty upon the Muslims that when they spot the crescent moon of the month of Shawwaal, they should exalt Allah by making takbeer until they have completed their ‘Eid prayer. That is because Allah mentioned this when He said:

وَلِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُوا اللَّـهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَاكُمْ

… (and Allah wants) for you to complete the period of fasting and to exalt Allah for having guided you … [2:185]

[Tafsir al-Tabari 3/480]


♦ Follow the Blessed Book

Towards the end of surah al-An’aam, Allah describes the Qur’an by saying:

وَهَـٰذَا كِتَابٌ أَنزَلْنَاهُ مُبَارَكٌ فَاتَّبِعُوهُ وَاتَّقُوا لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ

And this is a blessed Book which We have sent down, so follow it and have taqwa so that you may receive mercy [6:155]

Part of sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di’s commentary on this verse reads:

 فاتبعوه فيما يأمر به وينهى، وابنوا أصول دينكم وفروعه عليه واتقوا الله تعالى أن تخالفوا له أمرا لعلكم إن اتبعتموه ترحمون فأكبر سبب لنيل رحمة الله اتباع هذا الكتاب، علما وعملا.ـ

So follow it” – in what it commands and prohibits, and base both the foundations and the secondary implications of your religion upon it – “and have taqwa” – of Allah so that you do not go against His commands – “so that” – if you follow it – “you may receive mercy” – for the greatest causal factor in attaining Allah’s mercy is following this Book in both beliefs and actions.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 315]


♦ Respond to Allah and to the Messenger …

Allah commands the believers in surah al-Anfaal by saying:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَجِيبُوا لِلَّـهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ

O you who have believed, respond to Allah and to the Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life [8:24]

Sheikh Muhammad al-Shawkaani commented on this ayah, writing:

ويستدل بهذا الأمر بالاستجابة على أنه يجب على كل مسلم إذا بلغه قول الله أو قول رسوله في حكم من الأحكام الشرعية أن يبادر إلى العمل به كائنا ما كان ويدع ما خالفه من الرأي وأقوال الرجال

This command to respond to Allah and His Messenger demonstrates that whenever a statement from Allah or His Messenger regarding a ruling from the sharee’ah reaches us, then it is an obligation upon every Muslim to hasten to act in accordance with that – whatever it may be – and to leave whatever opinions and positions of men oppose it.

[Fath al-Qadeer pg. 534]


Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

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