Assorted Qur’an Benefits #18

We continue our monthly series of “Assorted Qur’an Benefits”. What follows is a collection of various benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during January, February, and March of 2017:

♦ Act According to What You Know

In part of a brief advice directed to the students of the University of Madinah, sheikh ‘Abd al-‘Aziz bin Baaz mentioned:

قد جاء في بعض الآثار( من عمل بما علم أورثه الله علم ما لم يعلم ) وشاهد هذا في كتاب الله سبحانه قوله تعالى : وَالَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا زَادَهُمْ هُدًى وَآتَاهُمْ تَقْوَاهُمْ وقوله سبحانه : وَيَزِيدُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا هُدًى

It has come in some statements of the salaf that “whoever acts according to what he knows, Allah will endow him with knowledge which he does not know”. And a supporting evidence for this in Allah’s Book is His statement:

 وَالَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا زَادَهُمْ هُدًى وَآتَاهُمْ تَقْوَاهُمْ

And those who are guided – He increases them in guidance and gives them their taqwaa. [47:17]

and His statement:

وَيَزِيدُ اللَّـهُ الَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا هُدًى

And Allah increases those who were guided in guidance. [19:76]

[Taken from the sheikh’s website here:]

♦ Allah Gives Them Their Taqwa

Allah says in surah Muhammad:

وَالَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا زَادَهُمْ هُدًى وَآتَاهُمْ تَقْوَاهُمْ

And those who are guided – He increases them in guidance and gives them their taqwa [47:17]

Commenting on this in his tafsir, Imam al-Baghawi wrote:

ـ( وآتاهم تقواهم ) وفقهم للعمل بما أمرهم به ، وهو التقوى

And He gives them their taqwa” – meaning: He grants them the accord to act according to what He has commanded them to do, and that is al-taqwa.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 7/284]

♦ Have Taqwa and Speak Words of Justice

In the last part of surah al-Ahzab, Allah commands:

 يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا

O you who have believed, have taqwa of Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. [33:70]

The authors of al-Tafsir al-Muyassar, a condensed tafsir overseen in part by sheikh Saalih Aal al-Sheikh, commented on this ayah by writing:

يا أيها الذين صدَّقوا الله ورسوله وعملوا بشرعه، اعملوا بطاعته، واجتنبوا معصيته؛ لئلا تستحقوا بذلك العقاب، وقولوا في جميع أحوالكم وشؤونكم قولا مستقيمًا موافقًا للصواب خاليًا من الكذب والباطل

O you who have believed in Allah and His Messenger and who act according to His divine legislation, act in obedience to Him and avoid disobeying Him so that you will not merit the punishment that comes with that. And in all conditions and situations which you find yourselves in, speak with words that are upright, in-line with what is correct, and free of lies and falsehood.

[al-Tafsir al-Muyassar pg. 427]

♦ When the Magicians Believed

In his encyclopedic book of narration-based tafsir, Jalal al-Deen al-Suyooti mentioned the following report:

 وأخرج ابن جرير ، عن ابن عباس قال : لما آمنت السحرة اتبع موسى ستمائة ألف من بني إسرائيل

Ibn Jarir reported that ibn ‘Abbaas said: After the Magicians believed, six-hundred thousand of the Children of Israa’eel followed Moosaa.

[al-Durr al-Manthoor fee al-Tafseer al-Ma’thoor 6/505]

al-Suyooti mentioned this under his tafsir of the following ayah from surah al-A’raaf:

وَقَالَ الْمَلَأُ مِن قَوْمِ فِرْعَوْنَ أَتَذَرُ مُوسَىٰ وَقَوْمَهُ لِيُفْسِدُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَيَذَرَكَ وَآلِهَتَكَ ۚ قَالَ سَنُقَتِّلُ أَبْنَاءَهُمْ وَنَسْتَحْيِي نِسَاءَهُمْ وَإِنَّا فَوْقَهُمْ قَاهِرُونَ

The chiefs of Fir’awn’s people said, “Will you leave Moosaa and his people to spread mischief in the land, and to abandon you and your gods?” He said, “We will kill their sons, and let live their women, and we have indeed irresistible power over them.” [7:127]

♦ Allah Will Inform Them of What They Did

Allah says in surah al-Mujaadilah:

يَوْمَ يَبْعَثُهُمُ اللَّـهُ جَمِيعًا فَيُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا عَمِلُوا ۚ أَحْصَاهُ اللَّـهُ وَنَسُوهُ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ

On the Day when Allah will resurrect them all and inform them of what they did. Allah has kept account of it, while they have forgotten it. And Allah is Witness over all things. [58:6]

Imam al-Qurtubi explained this ayah by writing:

 يخبرهم بما عملوا في الدنيا أحصاه الله عليهم في صحائف أعمالهم ونسوه هم حتى ذكرهم به في صحائفهم ليكون أبلغ في الحجة عليهم

He will inform them of what they had done during their worldly lives. Allah has listed all of that for them in the records of their deeds, although they themselves forgot. So He will remind them of that in their records in order that this could be an even more striking proof against them.

[Jaami’ li-Ahkam al-Qur’an 17/259-260]

♦ When Bilal Called the Adhan from Atop the Ka’bah

Sheikh Muhammad al-Shawkaani mentioned the following narration in his tafsir of surah al-Hujuraat:

وقد أخرج ابن المنذر ، وابن أبي حاتم ، والبيهقي في الدلائل عن ، ابن أبي مليكة قال : لما كان يوم الفتح رقي بلال فأذن على الكعبة ، فقال بعض الناس : أهذا العبد الأسود يؤذن على ظهر الكعبة . وقال بعضهم : إن يسخط الله هذا يغيره ، فنزلت يا أيها الناس إنا خلقناكم من ذكر وأنثى

Ibn al-Mundhir, ibn Abi Haatim, and al-Bayhaqi in his book *al-Dalaa’il* all recorded a narration from ibn Abi Mulaykah, who said:

On the Day of the Opening of Mecca, Bilal climbed to the top of the Ka’bah and made the call to prayer. Some of the people said, “Is this black slave making the call to prayer from atop the Ka’bah?!” Others said, “If Allah doesn’t like this He will change it.” So then the ayah was revealed:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُم مِّن ذَكَرٍ وَأُنثَىٰ وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا ۚ إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِندَ اللَّـهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ

O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, in order that you may know one another. Verily, the most honorable of you with Allah is the most pious of you. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware. [49:13]

[Fath al-Qadeer pg. 1396]

♦ The Meaning of al-Furqan

Allah begins surah al-Furqan by proclaiming:

تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ الْفُرْقَانَ عَلَىٰ عَبْدِهِ لِيَكُونَ لِلْعَالَمِينَ نَذِيرًا

Blessed is He who sent down the Furqan [criterion] upon His Servant that he may be to a warner to all creation [25:1]

In his commentary, Imam al-Qurtubi explained that the Furqan in this ayah has been interpreted to mean the Qur’an, and then mentioned:

 وفي تسميته فرقانا وجهان : أحدهما : لأنه فرق بين الحق والباطل ، والمؤمن والكافر . الثاني : لأن فيه بيان ما شرع من حلال وحرام

Referring to the Qur’an as a “Furqan” [criterion] comes from two angles:

One: That it separates the truth from falsehood and the believer from the disbeliever.

Two: That it contains a clarification of what Allah has legislated to be lawful and what He has legislated to be unlawful.

[Jaami’ li-Ahkam al-Qur’an 13/5]

Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits


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