‘Ibad al-Rahman Part 8 – Attention to Supplication: ‘Abd al-Razzaq al-Badr

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Razzaq al-Badr, one of the contemporary scholars of al-Madinah, wrote a small booklet on the qualities of the ‘Ibad al-Rahman – servants of the Most Merciful – mentioned in the end of Surah al-Furqan. We have translated this booklet in a series of posts. This is the eighth and final quality mentioned before the conclusion:

الصفة الثامنة : عنايتهم بالدعاء والتَّضرع لله
The Eighth Characteristic: Their Attention to Supplication and Humility Towards Allah

قال عز وجل : [وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا] ـ

Allah said:

وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا

And those who say, “Our Lord, grant us from among our wives and offspring comfort to our eyes and make us an example for the righteous.” [25:74]

فمنْ صفات عباد الرحمن الكمل: عنايتهم بالدعاء، فهم مفتقرون إلى الله ملْتجئون إليه، مقْبلون عليه، وجميع حاجاتهم ومصالحهم الدينية والدنيوية يرجونها منه وحده لا شريك له. ـ

One of the characteristics of the complete ‘Ibad al-Rahman – slaves of the Most Merciful – is their attention to supplication, for they are completely in need of Allah and seek refuge in Him and turn to Him. For every single need and benefit – whether in this life or the next – they place their hopes in Him alone, making no partner with Him.

ثم هم في دعائهم يحرصون على جوامع الدعاء وأنفعه، فقولهم: [وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا] هذا الدعاء من أجمع الدعاء وأنفعه، ففيه أولًا دعاء المرء بأنْ تقر عينه، ويسعد قلبه بصلاح أهله وأولاده؛ في تعبدهم، وأخلاقهم، وتعاملاتهم، وعيْشهم، وبرِّهم بوالديهم، وغير ذلك. ـ

But more than that, when it comes to their supplications they stick to those supplications which are comprehensive in meaning and especially beneficial. For example, their statement:

وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا

And those who say, “Our Lord, grant us from among our wives and offspring comfort to our eyes and make us an example for the righteous.”

This is one of the most comprehensive and beneficial supplications, for it begins with a supplication for that which will please his eyes and bring joy to his heart: the uprightness of his family members and progeny in their worship, their character, their manner of interacting with others, their livelihoods, their good behavior to their parents, and so on.

ثم قولهم: [وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا] يتضمن الدعاء بصلاح النفس أولًا، ودلالتها على الخير، حتى يكون بعد ذلك قدوةً للآخرين في خصال الخير، فيأتم الناس به، ويقتدوا بسمته. ـ

And then they say:

وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا

… and make us an example for the righteous.”

This entails a supplication for the uprightness of their own selves first in order that they would be guided towards goodness so much so that they would eventually become examples of those good qualities for others so that people would emulate them and adopt their ways.

فلا يمْكن للعبد أن يكون قدْوةً وإمامًا للمتقين بعْده إلا إن كان متأسِّيًا بالمتقين قبْله ، مقْتديًا بهم في نفسه، حريصًا على تحصيل خصال الخير والفلاح، فعنْد ذلك سيحْرص المتقون على الائْتساء والائتمام به، والانتفاع بتوجيهه وهدْيه. ـ

But it is not possible for a slave to be a good example or a leader for the pious people who would come after him unless he himself has taken the pious people who came before him as his own foundation and example, being eager for acquire success and those good qualities. If that is the case, then the pious people will be eager to take him as their foundation and their example, benefiting from his direction and guidance.

ولهذا ينبغي على كلِّ مسلمٍ أن يحرص على هذا الدعاء، وأن يكون على لسانه؛ لينال هذا الخير العظيم الذي تضمنه. ـ

Because of this, every Muslim ought to be constant in this supplication and always have it on his tongue so that he can then attain the tremendous good which it contains.

[Sifat ‘Ibad al-Rahman pg 28-29]

Explore the entire series here: ‘Ibad al-Rahman Series Guide

See also The Subtleties of the Supplications of Ayyub and Yusuf – ibn al-Qayyim

See also: The supplication is granted so long as one does not show impatience: Ibn Hajr

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