‘Ibad al-Rahman Part 5 – Avoiding Major Sins: Sheikh ‘Abd al-Razzaq al-Badr

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Razzaq al-Badr, one of the contemporary scholars of al-Madinah, wrote a small booklet on the qualities of the ‘Ibad al-Rahman – servants of the Most Merciful – mentioned in the end of Surah al-Furqan. We have translated this booklet in a series of posts. This section deals with the firth quality mentioned:

الصفة الخامسة : بعدهم عن كبائر الذنوب وعظائم الآثام
The Fifth Quality: Distancing Oneself from the Major Sins and Gross Misconduct

قال عز وجل : [وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّـهِ إِلَـٰهًا آخَرَ وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّـهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَلَا يَزْنُونَ] ـ

Allah said:

وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّـهِ إِلَـٰهًا آخَرَ وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّـهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَلَا يَزْنُونَ

And those who do not invoke with Allah another deity or kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed], except by right, and do not commit unlawful sexual intercourse. [25:68]

فمنْ أبرز صفات عباد الرحمن المتقين: اجتنابهم كبائر الذنوب والآثام، وقد خص الله عز وجل في هذا السياق ثلاث كبائر بالذِّكر؛ لأنها أعظم الكبائر وأشدها على الإطلاق، وهي: الشرك بالله عالى ؛ وقتل النفس المعصومة ؛ والزنى . ـ

One of the most important traits of the pious ‘Ibad al-Rahman – the slaves of the Most Merciful – is their avoidance of major sins and misdeeds. In this passage, Allah has selected three major sins to mention because they are the gravest and worst of all the major sins. They are:

  • al-Shirk – Associating partners with Allah, the Most High
  • Killing a person undeservedly
  • Fornication

فأم ا الشِّرْك فهو متعلِّقٌ بحقِّ الله على عباده، وهو الذنب الذي لا يغفره الله لمن مات عليه ، كما قال تعالى: [إِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّـهِ فَقَدِ افْتَرَىٰ إِثْمًا عَظِيمًا] . ـ

As for al-Shirk, it is connected to Allah’s rights over His slaves and it is the sin which Allah will not forgive for whoever dies in that state. This is as Allah said:

إِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّـهِ فَقَدِ افْتَرَىٰ إِثْمًا عَظِيمًا

Indeed, Allah does not forgive associating partners with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allah has certainly fabricated a tremendous sin. [4:48]

فإذا صرف العبد شيئًا من العبادة لغير الله؛ كالدعاء والاستغاثة والنذر والذبْح وغيرها، فقد ارتكب أعظم الموبقات، وأكبر الجرائم، وهو الشِّرْك بالله . ـ

For whenever a slave diverts any act of worship – whether it be supplication, pleading, ritual slaughter and sacrifice, or anything else – to anyone or anything besides Allah then he has committed the gravest of the deadly sins and the worst type of crime; he has associated partners with Allah.

وأما قتل النفس المعصومة فهي جريمةٌ شنيعةٌ، يتعلق حقها بالقاتل الذي ظلم نفسه بهذا الجرْم، وتتعلق بالمقتول الذي أزهقت نفسه بغير وجْه حق ، وتتعلق بأولياء المقتول أيضًا. ـ

As for killing a person undeservedly, then this is a despicable crime. This sin is related to the rights of killer who has wronged himself by committing this crime, and to the rights of the one killed whose life was cut down without any right or just cause, and to the rights of the relatives of the deceased as well.

ولهذا قال النبي : لزوال الدنيا أهون على الله من قتل مؤمنٍ بغير حق . ـ

In this vein the Prophet said, “For the entire creation to cease would be less severe in the sight of Allah than the killing of a believer without just cause.”

وأما الزِّنى فهو منْ أشدِّ الفواحش التي تمْرض القلب وتفسده، وتلحق بالعبد والمجتمع أضرارًا عديدة ومتنوِّعة؛ إيمانيةً ، وبدنية، ونفسية، واجْتماعية. ـ

As for fornication, this is the worst form of sexual immorality which corrupts and diseases the heart and results in many different kinds of harm for both the individual and society as a whole: spiritual harms, bodily harms, psychological harms and societal harms.

قال النبي : إذا زنى الرَّجل خرج منه الإيمان وكان عليه كالظلة، فإذا انقطع رجع إليه الإيمان . ـ

The Prophet said, “When a man commits fornication, eeman leaves him and hovers above him. Then when he stops the eeman returns to him.”

وقد حذر الله ورسوله منْ جميع الوسائل التي تقرِّب لهذه الفاحشة أو تكون سببًا لوقوعها؛ فجاء النهي عن خلوة الرجل بالمرأة الأجنبية، وعن إبداء المرأة شيئًا من زينتها إلا لمحارمها، وعن خروجها من بيتها متعطِّرة ليجد الرِّجال ريحها، والأمر بغضِّ البصر للرِّجال والنِّساء، وغير ذلك من التشريعات الربانية التي تحفظ المجتمع من هذه الكبيرة، وما ذاك إلا لخطورتها وسوء مغبتها. ـ

Both Allah and His Messenger have warned us against every avenue which takes one closer to this sexual immorality or could be a cause of falling into it. There is a prohibition against a man being alone with an unrelated woman, a prohibition against women displaying any of her beauty to any males besides her relatives who are permitted to see her, a prohibition against a woman leaving her home while wearing perfume lest a man catch her scent, a command to both men and women to lower their gaze, and so on with other Divinely-legislated regulations to protect society from this grave sin. And all of this is due to its great danger and terrible outcomes.

وبعد أنْ ذكر الله اجتناب عباده لهذه الكبائر الثلاث؛ أعْقبها بالوعيد لمن قارف هذه الذنوب بالعذاب الشديد المضاعف في جهنم -والعياذ بالله-، قال : [وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ يَلْقَ أَثَامًا * يُضَاعَفْ لَهُ الْعَذَابُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَيَخْلُدْ فِيهِ مُهَانًا] . ـ

After mentioning how His slaves avoid these three major sins, Allah then followed that up with a threat of severe punishment multiplied time and time again in the Hellfire for whoever would commit these sins, and we seek refuge in Allah. He said:

وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ يَلْقَ أَثَامًا * يُضَاعَفْ لَهُ الْعَذَابُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَيَخْلُدْ فِيهِ مُهَانًا

And whoever should do that will meet a penalty. * Multiplied for him is the punishment on the Day of Resurrection, and he will abide therein humiliated [25:68-69]

ثم استثنى من هذا الوعيد الشديد من بادر وسارع إلى التوبة منْ هذه الكبائر، وأناب إلى ربِّه ورجع إليه؛ لينال العفو والغفران، مع الاسْتكْثار من الأعمال الصالحات، وأنواع الطاعات التي تقرِّب إلى الرحمن لترتفع درجته عند ربه وتتبدل سيئاته حسنات . ـ

But then He made an exception to this severe threat for whoever would hasten and rush to repent from these grave sins, turning back to his Lord. Such a person would return back to his Lord in order to have pardon and forgiveness, all the while increasing in his amount of righteous good deeds and all sorts of acts of obedience which would draw him closer to al-Rahman. And so his level with his Lord would be elevated, and his sins would be replaced with good deeds.

قال : [إِلَّا مَن تَابَ وَآمَنَ وَعَمِلَ عَمَلًا صَالِحًا فَأُولَـٰئِكَ يُبَدِّلُ اللَّـهُ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ حَسَنَاتٍ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّـهُ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا * وَمَن تَابَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَإِنَّهُ يَتُوبُ إِلَى اللَّـهِ مَتَابًا] . ـ

Allah said:

إِلَّا مَن تَابَ وَآمَنَ وَعَمِلَ عَمَلًا صَالِحًا فَأُولَـٰئِكَ يُبَدِّلُ اللَّـهُ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ حَسَنَاتٍ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّـهُ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا

Except for those who repent, believe and do righteous work. For them Allah will replace their evil deeds with good. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful. [25:70]

[Sifat ‘Ibad al-Rahman pg 19-22]

Translator’s Note: In the original booklet, the hadith references and gradings are provided in the footnotes. We hope it will be sufficient to mention that all of the hadith narrations mentioned in this booklet were graded as Saheeh by sheikh al-Albani.

Explore the entire series here: ‘Ibad al-Rahman Series Guide

See also: Qualities of the Successful Ones: Tafsir al-Sa’di

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