‘Ibad al-Rahman Part 4 – Moderation in Spending: ‘Abd al-Razzaq al-Badr

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Razzaq al-Badr, one of the contemporary scholars of al-Madinah, wrote a small booklet on the qualities of the ‘Ibad al-Rahman – servants of the Most Merciful – mentioned in the end of Surah al-Furqan. We have translated this booklet in a series of posts. This section discusses the fourth quality listed:

الصفة الرابعة : توسطهم في النفقة بين الإسراف والتَّقتير
The Fourth Quality: Moderation in Spending Between Wastefulness and Stinginess

قال عز وجل : [وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا أَنفَقُوا لَمْ يُسْرِفُوا وَلَمْ يَقْتُرُوا وَكَانَ بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ قَوَامًا] ـ

Allah said:

وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا أَنفَقُوا لَمْ يُسْرِفُوا وَلَمْ يَقْتُرُوا وَكَانَ بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ قَوَامًا

And those who, when they spend, do so neither excessively nor sparingly but are ever, between that, moderate [25:67]

ومن أوصاف عباد الرحمن توسطهم في باب النفقة بين الإسراف والتقتير لأنهم علموا أن الله سيسْألهم يوم القيامة عن هذه النِّعمة التي أعطاهم إياها، كما صح عن الرسول الله أنه قال : لا تزول قدما عبد يوم القيامة حتى يسأل عن عمره فيما أفناه ، وعن علمه فيما فعل فيه، وعن ماله من أين اكتسبه، وفيما أنفقه، وعن جسمه فيم أبلاه . ـ

One of the qualities of the ‘Ibad al-Rahman – the slaves of the Most Merciful – is their moderation when it comes to spending, falling between wasteful extravagance on the one hand and miserliness on the other. That is because they know that on the Day of Judgement Allah will ask them ask the blessings He has given them, as has been authentically transmitted from Allah’s Messenger that he said:

The slave’s feet will not move on the Day of Judgement until he is asked about his life and how he spent it, his knowledge and what he did with it, his wealth and where he earned it and how he spent it, and his body and how he wore it out.

فأما عدم إسْرافهم وعدم تقْتيرهم في النفقة فإنهم لا يبذِّرون فيها في تجاوزون الحد الذي أباحه الله من حاجاتهم الواجبة والمستحبة ويقابله في التَّقتير: أنهم يحْرصون على الإنفاق لما لا بد لهم منه، مما يقيم حياتهم، ويكون زادًا ومعينًا لصلاح آخرتهم. ـ

As for their lack of wasteful spending or stinginess when it comes to their spending, then these people do not waste their wealth by exceeding the limits which Allah has set for them regarding their necessary and important needs. On the other side of avoiding miserliness, they are eager to spend on those things which they ought to spend on, such as those things which enable them to live their lives and act of provisions and staples for the betterment of their hereafter.

وهذا هو الواجب على المسلم؛ أن يكون وسطًا في أموره بين الإفْراط والتفريط، سواءٌ في هذا الباب أو غيره من أبواب الدِّين والدنيا. ـ

And this is what is required of the Muslim: that he be moderate in his activities, being neither excessive nor negligent. That is the case whether in this topic of spending or in any other issue of his religious or worldly life.

فعن كعْب بن فروخ، عن قتادة، عن مطرِّف بن عبد الله قال : خير هذه الأمور أوساطها ، والحسنة بين السيئتين . فقلْت لقتادة: ما الحسنة بين السيِّئتين؟ فقال: [وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا أَنفَقُوا لَمْ يُسْرِفُوا وَلَمْ يَقْتُرُوا ] ـ

Ka’b ibn Farroukh transmitted from Qatadah that Mutarrif ibn ‘Abdullah said, “The best part of things is the middle part, and good lies between two ills.” Ka’b asked Qatadah, “What is this good thing between two ills?” He replied:

وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا أَنفَقُوا لَمْ يُسْرِفُوا وَلَمْ يَقْتُرُوا

And they are those that, when they spend, do so neither excessively nor sparingly [25:67]

[Sifat ‘Ibad al-Rahman pg 14-16]

Explore the entire series here: ‘Ibad al-Rahman Series Guide

See also: The Story of Qarun: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: Craving Wealth and Rulership: ibn Taymiyah

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