Assorted Qur’an Benefits #14

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during July 2016:

The Reminder Benefits the Believers

In part of his tafsir of surah al-Ghaashiyah, sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen mentioned the following admonition:

ونقول إذا رأيت قلبك لا يتذكر بذكرى فاتهمه ؛ لأن الله يقول : {فَإِنَّ الذِّكْرَىٰ تَنفَعُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ} [الذاريات ٥٥] ، فإذا ذُكرت ولم تجد من قلبك تأثرا وانتفاعا فاتمم نفسك ، واعلم أن فيك نقص إيمان ؛ لأن لو كان إيمانك كاملا لانتفعت بالذكرى ؛ لأن الذكرى لابد أن تنفع المؤمنين . ـ

And we say: if you observe that your heart is not reminded by a reminder then be concerned, for Allah says,

فَإِنَّ الذِّكْرَىٰ تَنفَعُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

indeed, the reminder benefits the believers [51:55]

So if it is reminded and you do not find your heart being affected or benefiting, then be concerned for yourself and know that you have some deficiency of eemaan. For if your eemaan were complete then you would have benefited from the reminder, because a reminder will certainly benefit the believers.”

[al-Tafseer al-Thameen l’il-‘Alaamah al-‘Uthaymeen 14/470]

Your Lord is Almighty, Merciful

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di made the following incisive point in his work on the principles of Tafsir:

ولما ذكر في سورة الشعراء قصص الأنبياء معى أممهم ، ختم كل قصة بقولة : [ وَإِنَّ رَ‌بَّكَ لَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّ‌حِيمُ ] فإن كل قصة تضمنت نجاة النبي وأتباعه ، وذلك برحمة الله ولطفه ، وتضمنت إهلاك المكذبين له ، وذلك من آثار عزته . ـ

And in surah al-Shu’araa’ [26] whenever Allah mentioned the stories of the prophets and their respective nations, He concluded each story with His statement:

 وَإِنَّ رَ‌بَّكَ لَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّ‌حِيمُ

And indeed, your Lord, He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful

for each story includes the saving of the prophet and his followers, and that is by Allah’s mercy and kindness, and each story also includes the destruction of those who denied the prophets, and that is from the signs of His might.

[al-Qawaa’id al-Hisaan pg. 57]

♦ Remember Allah Often

al-Haafidh Ismaa’eel ibn Kathir mentioned the following quote towards the end of his explanation of surah al-Jumu’ah [62]:

وقال مجاهد : لا يكون العبد من الذاكرين الله كثيرا ، حتى يذكر الله قائما وقاعدا ومضطجعا . ـ

Mujahid said, “A slave will not be one of those who remembers Allah abundantly until he remembers Allah while he is standing, while he is sitting and while he is lying on his back.”

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 8/124]

*Translator’s note: Mujahid was a student of ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbaas from among the tabi’oon. He went through the entire Qur’an with ibn ‘Abbaas three times, asking him about each ayah as they went. He is one of the most well-known explainers of the Qur’an from the early Muslims.

♦ Do Not Be Diverted From the Remembrance of Allah

In surah al-Munaafiqoon, Allah commands the believers by saying:

 يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تُلْهِكُمْ أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَلَا أَوْلَادُكُمْ عَن ذِكْرِ اللَّـهِ ۚ وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُونَ

O you who believe! Let not your wealth nor your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah. And whosoever does that, then they are the losers. [63:9]

Regarding the meaning of “the remembrance of Allah” in this ayah, Imam al-Baghawi mentioned:

قال المفسرون يعني الصلوات الخمس ، نظيره قوله : ” لا تلهيهم تجارة ولا بيع عن ذكر الله ” ( النور 37) ـ

The mufassiroon have said that “the remembrance of Allah” is referring to the five daily prayers. And the counterpart to this ayah is in Allah’s statement:

لَّا تُلْهِيهِمْ تِجَارَةٌ وَلَا بَيْعٌ عَن ذِكْرِ اللَّـهِ

neither trade nor sale diverts them from the Remembrance of Allah… [24:37]

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 8/135]

♦ To Allah Belongs the ‘Izzah

In surah al-Munaafiqoon, Allah informs us that:

وَلِلَّـهِ الْعِزَّةُ وَلِرَسُولِهِ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَلَـٰكِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

“And to Allah belongs the ‘izzah [power, honor, might], and to His Messenger, and to the believers, but the hypocrites do not know. ” [63:8]

Sheikh Abu Muhammad al-Baghawi explained this in his tafsir by writing:

فعزة الله : قهره من دونه ، وعزة رسوله : إظهار دينه على الأديان كلها ، وعزة المؤمنين : نصر الله إياهم على أعدائهم

-So Allah’s ‘izzah is His irresistible power over those beneath Him
-and the Messenger’s ‘izzah is that his religion is given victory over all other religions
-and the ‘izzah of the believers is Allah’s aiding them against their enemies.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 8/134]

♦ Explaining the Qur’an by Means of the Qur’an Itself

Sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen mentioned the following principle in his explanation of the fundamentals of the science of al-Tafsir:

وهذه قاعدة : أننا إذا وجدنا تفسير القرآن بالقرآن فإننا لا نعدل به شيئا ، وذلك لأن الله عز وجل هو الذي فسره ، وهو الذي أنزله ، وهو أعلم بما أراد . ـ

Here is a principle: That when we find an explanation of the Qur’an coming from the Qur’an itself, then we do not place anything on an equal level with that. That is because Allah is the One who has explained it, and He is the One who revealed it, and He is the most knowledgeable regarding what was meant.

[Sharh Usool fee al-Tafsir pg. 196]

♦ An Appropriate Recompense

In surah al-Naba’, Allah informs us of some of the punishments present in the Hell-fire, and then describes them as:

 جَزَاءً وِفَاقًا

An appropriate recompense [78:26]

Commenting on this in his book of tafsir, Imam al-Baghawi wrote:

ـ ( جزاء وفاقا ) أي جزيناهم جزاء وافق أعمالهم . قال مقاتل : وافق العذاب الذنب ، فلا ذنب أعظم من الشرك ، ولا عذاب أعظم من النار

“An appropriate recompense” – meaning, We shall give them a recompense that corresponds to their deeds.

Muqaatil said: The punishment corresponds to the sin, for there is no greater sin than shirk, and there is no greater punishment than the Hell-fire.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 8/316]

Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

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