Assorted Qur’an Benefits #9

What follows is a collection of benefits that were originally posted on our Facebook page during October and November of 2015:

♦ Taqwa and Gratitude

Allah says in surah Aali ‘Imran:

فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

So have taqwa of Allah that you may be grateful (3:123)

Commenting on this, sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di wrote:

قال { فاتقوا الله لعلكم تشكرون } لأن من اتقى ربه فقد شكره، ومن ترك التقوى فلم يشكره

Allah said, “So have taqwa of Allah that you may be grateful” because whoever exercises taqwa of his Lord  has expressed gratitude to Him while whoever leaves off al-taqwa has not been grateful to Him.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 154]

♦ Belief in Allah and the Last Day

Frequently in the Qur’an and the Sunnah, Allah and His messenger pair and emphasize the belief in Allah with the belief in the Day of Judgement when referring to the believers, such as Allah’s statement:

يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّـهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ

They believe in Allah and the Last Day … [3:114]

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di comments on this occurrence of this phrase in his tafsir by explaining:

وخص الإيمان باليوم الآخر لأن الإيمان الحقيقي باليوم الآخر يحث المؤمن به على ما يقربه إلى الله، ويثاب عليه في ذلك اليوم، وترك كل ما يعاقب عليه في ذلك اليوم

Allah specified eemaan in the Last Day because true eemaan in the Last Day encourages the one one who believes in it to do what will draw him near to Allah and what will result in him being rewarded on that Day as well as leaving off everything for which he would be punished for on that Day.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 152]

♦ Whoever Leaves Off Something for the Sake of Allah …

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di mentioned the following in his thematic tafsir:

 ومن ترك شيئا لله عوضه الله خيرا منه ، ومن قدم هواه على طاعة مولاه فقد خسر دينه وتبع ذلك خسارة دنياه . ـ

Whoever leaves something for the sake of Allah, Allah will replace it for him with something better than that. But whoever prioritizes his own desires above obedience to his Master, then he has lost his deen and the loss of his worldly life follows that.

[Taysir al-Lateef al-Manaan pg. 86]

♦ The Dangers of Pride and Arrogance

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di collected a number of benefits from the story of Nuh, and among them he included:

وكذلك قولهم: { وَمَا نَرَ‌اكَ اتَّبَعَكَ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ هُمْ أَرَ‌اذِلُنَا } ( هود ٢٧ ) من المعلوم لكل أحد عاقل أن الحق يعرف أنه حق بنفسه لا بمن تبعه، وأن هذا القول الذي قالوه صدر عن كبر وتيه، والكبر أكبر مانع للعبد من معرفة الحق ومن اتباعه. ـ

And similarly (Nuh’s people) said:

وَمَا نَرَاكَ اتَّبَعَكَ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ هُمْ أَرَاذِلُنَا

… and we do not see you followed except by those who are the lowest of us … (11:27)

It is well-known to every intelligent person that the truth is known to be the truth by itself and not by who follows it, and it is also known that this statement which they said emanates from pride and arrogance. And pride is the greatest thing preventing the slave from recognizing the truth and following it.

[Taysir al-Lateef al-Manaan pg. 276]

♦ Leaving Off Sinful Deeds

Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali mentioned that some of the salaf used to say:

أعمال البر يعملها البر والفاجر ، وأما المعاصي ، فلا يتركها إلا صديق

The acts of righteousness are performed by both the righteous and the wicked, but as for the acts of disobedience, then no one leaves them off except for the truthful one.

[Jaami’ al-‘Uloom w’al-Hikam 1/254]

♦ Tasbeeh in the Qur’an

Allah says in surah al-Insaan:

 وَاذْكُرِ‌ اسْمَ رَ‌بِّكَ بُكْرَ‌ةً وَأَصِيلًا * وَمِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَاسْجُدْ لَهُ وَسَبِّحْهُ لَيْلًا طَوِيلًا

And remember the name of your Lord [in prayer] morning and evening * And during the night prostrate to Him and exalt Him (sabbiḥhu) a long [part of the] night.” (76:25-26)

In his tafsir of this surah, Imam al-Qurtubi wrote:

 وقال ابن عباس وسفيان : كل تسبيح في القرآن فهو صلاة . وقيل : هو الذكر المطلق سواء كان في الصلاة أو في غيرها

Ibn ‘Abbaas and Sufyan said, “Every tasbeeḥ (exaltation) in the Qur’an means salaah (ritual prayer).”

And some say that this remembrance is general in nature, equally applicable to salaah and other things

[Tafsir al-Qurtubi 19/132]

♦ Conditions for Allah’s Aid

In the midst of discussing the incidents of the Battle of Uhud, Allah revealed the following in surah Aali ‘Imraan:

وَإِن تَصْبِرُ‌وا وَتَتَّقُوا لَا يَضُرُّ‌كُمْ كَيْدُهُمْ شَيْئًا

And if you exercise steadfast patience and taqwa, their plot will not harm you at all (3:120)

Commenting on this in his book of tafsir, Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di wrote:

الله تعالى قد وعد المؤمنين أنهم إذا صبروا واتقوا نصرهم، ورد كيد الأعداء عنهم، وكان هذا حكما عاما ووعدا صادقا لا يتخلف مع الإتيان بشرطه

Allah the Most High had promised the believers that if they exercise steadfast patience and taqwa then He will aid them and turn back enemies’ plots away from them. And this is a general ruling and a true promise which will not fail so long as one meets its conditions.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 153]

♦ The Ill Effects of Shirk and Disobedience

Allah says in surah al-Room:

ظَهَرَ‌ الْفَسَادُ فِي الْبَرِّ‌ وَالْبَحْرِ‌ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ أَيْدِي النَّاسِ لِيُذِيقَهُم بَعْضَ الَّذِي عَمِلُوا لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْ‌جِعُونَ

Corruption has appeared in the rural areas and in the inhabited areas due to what the hands of people have earned so that He may let them taste part of [the consequence of] what they have done in order that perhaps they will return [in repentance]. (30:41)

In part of his commentary on this ayah, Imam al-Shawkaani wrote:

ظهر الفساد في البر والبحر بما كسبت أيدي الناس بين – سبحانه – أن الشرك والمعاصي سبب لظهور الفساد في العالم . ـ

Corruption has appeared in the rural areas and the inhabited areas due to what the hands of people have earned” – Allah makes it clear that shirk and disobedience are a cause of the manifestation of corruption in the world.

[Fath al-Qadeer 1/1137]

♦ An Etiquette of Seeking Knowledge

Allah says to His prophet in surah al-Qiyamah:

 لَا تُحَرِّ‌كْ بِهِ لِسَانَكَ لِتَعْجَلَ بِهِ * إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا جَمْعَهُ وَقُرْ‌آنَهُ * فَإِذَا قَرَ‌أْنَاهُ فَاتَّبِعْ قُرْ‌آنَهُ * ثُمَّ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا بَيَانَهُ

“Move not your tongue with it to hasten with recitation of the Qur’an. * Indeed, upon Us is its collection and its recitation. * So when We have recited it, then follow its recitation. * Then upon Us is its clarification.” (75:16-19)

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di brought the following related benefit in his tafsir of the last ayah:

وفي هذه الآية أدب لأخذ العلم، أن لا يبادر المتعلم المعلم قبل أن يفرغ من المسألة التي شرع فيها، فإذا فرغ منها سأله عما أشكل عليه

And this ayah contains an etiquette of taking knowledge – that the student should not rush to pose questions or interrupt the teacher before the teacher has finished the issue which he is in the midst of. So when the teacher has finished it, then the student can ask him about what he found confusing.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 1061]

Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

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