Hajj is ‘Arafah: Tafsir ibn Kathir

al-Haafidh Ismaa’eel ibn Kaathir mentioned the following points regarding the Day of ‘Arafah in his tafsir of surah al-Baqarah:

وعرفة : موضع الموقف في الحج ، وهي عمدة أفعال الحج ; ولهذا روى الإمام أحمد ، وأهل السنن ، بإسناد صحيح ، عن الثوري ، عن بكير بن عطاء ، عن عبد الرحمن بن يعمر الديلي ، [ ص: 552 ] قال : سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول : ” الحج عرفات – ثلاثا – فمن أدرك عرفة قبل أن يطلع الفجر ، فقد أدرك . وأيام منى ثلاثة ، فمن تعجل في يومين فلا إثم عليه ، ومن تأخر فلا إثم عليه ” . ـ

‘Arafah is a place of standing during the Hajj, and it is one of the pillars of the rituals of the Hajj. In support of this is the hadeeth with a sound chain of narration that was conveyed by Imam Ahmad and authors of the Sunan collections on the authority of al-Thawri, on the authority on Bukayr ibn ‘Ataa’, on the authority of ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Y’amar al-Dayli who said:

I heard Allah’s Messenger say, “Hajj is ‘Arafah” – three times – “so whoever catches ‘Arafah before the rising of dawn, then he has caught the Hajj. And the days of Mina are three, but whoever hastens to leave after two days, then there is no sin upon, and whoever waits, then there is no sin upon him.”

ووقت الوقوف من الزوال يوم عرفة إلى طلوع الفجر الثاني من يوم النحر ; لأن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وقف في حجة الوداع ، بعد أن صلى الظهر إلى أن غربت الشمس ، وقال : ” لتأخذوا عني مناسككم ” . ـ

And the time of observing ‘Arafah is from midday of the Day of ‘Arafah until the dawn of the next day, which is the Day of Sacrifice. This is because the Prophet stood at ‘Arafah during the Farewell Pilgrimage after he had prayed al-Thuhr until the sun set, and he said, “Take your rituals from me.”

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 1/552-553]

See also: The Sacred Months

See also: Ibn Rajab on the First 10 Days of Dhul-Hijjah

See also: “Whoever is Not Able to Stand at ‘Arafah …”: Ibn Rajab

See also: Khutbah regarding Hajj: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: Khutbah related to ‘Eid al-Adhaa: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: Eemaan, jihaad and Hajj mabroor: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali

3 thoughts on “Hajj is ‘Arafah: Tafsir ibn Kathir

  1. Pingback: Eemaan, jihaad and Hajj mabroor: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: “Whoever is Not Able to Stand at ‘Arafah …”: Ibn Rajab | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: Prayer and Sacrifice: Ibn Taymiyah | Tulayhah

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