Assorted Qur’an Benefits #7

What follows is a collection of benefits originally posted on our Facebook page during March and April 2015:

♦ The Firm Word

al-Haafidh ibn Kathir records that ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood said:

 إن المؤمن إذا مات أجلس في قبره، فيقال له: من ربك؟ ما دينك؟ من نبيك؟ فيثبته الله، فيقول: ربي الله، وديني الإسلام، ونبيي محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم. وقرأ عبد الله: {يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الآخِرَةِ}. ـ

When the believer has died, he is made to sit up in his grave and then it is said to him, “Who is your Lord? What is your deen (religion)? Who is your prophet?” Then Allah will make him firm, so he will say, “My Lord is Allah, My Deen is al-Islaam, and my Prophet is Muhammad (ﷺ).”

Then ‘Abdullah recited the ayah:

يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الآخِرَةِ

Allah keeps firm those who believe, with the firm word, in worldly life and in the Hereafter. [14:27]

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 4/498]


Surah Maryam – “the surah of gifts”

Sheikh al-Islaam ibn Taymiyah mentions the following point in his discussion of the major themes of surah Maryam where he wrote:

وذكر موسى وموهبته له أخاه هارون نبيا كما وهب يحيى لزكريا وعيسى لمريم وإسحاق لإبراهيم . فهذه السورة ” سورة المواهب ” وهي ما وهبه الله لأنبيائه من الذرية الطيبة والعمل الصالح والعلم النافع

Allah mentioned Moosaa and his gift to his brother Haaroon of prophethood, just as Yahya was given as a gift to Zakariyyah and ‘Eesaa was to Maryam and Ishaaq was to Ibrahim.

So this surah is ‘the surah of gifts’ and it is what Allah gave to His prophets in terms of good offspring, righteous deeds and beneficial knowledge.”

[Majmoo’ al-Fataawa 15/231]

Read ibn Taymiyah’s full discussion of the major themes of surah Maryam here.


♦ “To Warn Whoever is Alive”

Allah says in surah Yaasin:

 وَمَا عَلَّمْنَاهُ الشِّعْرَ‌ وَمَا يَنبَغِي لَهُ ۚ إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا ذِكْرٌ‌ وَقُرْ‌آنٌ مُّبِينٌ ﴿٦٩﴾ لِّيُنذِرَ‌ مَن كَانَ حَيًّا وَيَحِقَّ الْقَوْلُ عَلَى الْكَافِرِ‌ينَ

“And We did not give Prophet Muhammad, knowledge of poetry, nor is it befitting for him. It is not but a message and a clear Qur’an (69) To warn whoever is alive and justify the word against the disbelievers. ” [36:69-70]

Commenting on part of the second ayah, Imam al-Baghawi wrote:

 أَيْ لِيُنْذِرَ الْقُرْآنُ ( مَنْ كَانَ حَيًّا ) يَعْنِي : مُؤْمِنًا حَيَّ الْقَلْبِ ; لِأَنَّ الْكَافِرَ كَالْمَيِّتِ فِي أَنَّهُ لَا يَتَدَبَّرُ وَلَا يَتَفَكَّرُ

i.e. for the Qur’an to warn ‘whoever is alive’ – meaning: the believer, whose heart is living, because the disbeliever is like one who is dead in the sense that he does not contemplate or consider [the Qur’an].

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 7/28]


♦ “Do not take knowledge all at once…”

قال يونس بن يزيد: قال لي الزهري: لا تأخذ العلم جملة، فإن من رام أخذه جملة ذهب عنه جملة، ولكن الشيء بعد الشيء مع الأيام والليالي

Yunus ibn Yazeed said: al-Zuhri said to me, “Do not take knowledge all at one, for whoever desires to take it all at once – it will depart from him all at once. Rather, take it bit by bit with the passing of days and nights.”

[Jaami’ Bayaan al-‘Ilm 1/104]


♦ A Comparison Between the Sunnah and Jannah

Imam al-Qurtubi mentioned a statement from the taabi’ee Al-Dhahhaak in his tafsir:

وقال الضحاك : … مثل السنة في الدنيا كمثل الجنة في العقبى من دخل الجنة في العقبى سلم كذلك من لزم السنة في الدنيا سلم

Al-Dhahhaak said: The Sunnah is to the worldly life as al-Jannah is to the hereafter: whoever enters into al-Jannah in the hereafter is safe, and likewise whoever sticks to the sunnah in this worldly life is safe.

[Jaami’ li-Ahkaam al-Qur’an 13/337-338]


♦ “… And Make My Offspring Righteous for me”

Allah teaches us a supplication in surah al-Ahqaaf:

قَالَ رَ‌بِّ أَوْزِعْنِي أَنْ أَشْكُرَ‌ نِعْمَتَكَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَىٰ وَالِدَيَّ وَأَنْ أَعْمَلَ صَالِحًا تَرْ‌ضَاهُ وَأَصْلِحْ لِي فِي ذُرِّ‌يَّتِي ۖ إِنِّي تُبْتُ إِلَيْكَ وَإِنِّي مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

He says, “My Lord, enable me to be grateful for Your favor which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents and to work righteousness of which You will approve and make my offspring righteous for me. Indeed, I have repented to You, and indeed, I am of the Muslims.” [46:15]

In his explanation of this du’aa, Imam al-Qurtubi mentioned the following point of benefit:

قوله تعالى : وأصلح لي في ذريتي أي اجعل ذريتي صالحين . قال ابن عباس : فلم يبق له ولد ولا والد ولا والدة إلا آمنوا بالله وحده . ولم يكن أحد من أصحاب رسول الله أسلم هو وأبواه وأولاده وبناته كلهم إلا أبو بكر

Allah’s statement, “and make my offspring righteous for me” – meaning, make my offspring righteous ones. Ibn ‘Abbaas explained it by saying, “such that neither a child nor a father nor a mother remains except that they believe in Allah alone.” And this was not the case for any of the companions of the messenger of Allah that his parents, sons and daughters all believed – except for Abu Bakr.”

[Jaami’ li-Ahkam al-Qur’an 16/183]


♦ Eternal Gold or Temporary Sand

In his tafsir of surah al-‘Aalaa, Imam al-Qurtubi mentioned the following narration:

 وقال مالك بن دينار : لو كانت الدنيا من ذهب يفنى ، والآخرة من خزف يبقى ، لكان الواجب أن يؤثر خزف يبقى ، على ذهب يفنى . قال : فكيف والآخرة من ذهب يبقى ، والدنيا من خزف يفنى

Malik Ibn Dinar said, “If the worldly life consisted of temporary gold, and the hereafter of eternal sand, then what would be incumbent is to prefer the eternal sand over the temporary gold”

He went on to say, “Then what about since the hereafter consists of eternal gold, while the worldly consists of temporary sand?”

[Jaami li-Ahkam al-Qur’an 20/22]


♦ A Note of Fir’awn’s Punishment of the Banu Israa’eel

In numerous places in the Qur’an, Allah describes Fir’awn as torturing the Banu Israa’eel, making particular mention of his killing the ‘sons’ while letting the ‘women’ live. Imam al-Qurtubi commented on this word choice by writing:

فكان فرعون يذبح الأطفال ويبقي البنات وعبر عنهم باسم النساء بالمآل وقالت طائفة ” يذبحون أبناءكم ” يعني الرجال وسموا أبناء لما كانوا كذلك واستدل هذا القائل بقوله ” نساءكم ” والأول أصح ؛ لأنه الأظهر والله أعلم

So Fir’awn sacrificed the children while the daughters were left alone, and they were described by the name “women” because that is what they would become.

And one group said, “he slaughtered your sons” means “men” and they were called “sons” because that is what they were [i.e. regardless of age] and they support this statement with Allah’s statement “your women”, but the first position is more correct, because it is more immediately apparent, and Allah knows best.

[Jaami’ li-Ahkaam al-Qur’an 1/363]


♦ Those Who Hinder Others from Allah’s Path

In his tafsir of surah al-Furqan, Imam al-Baghawi mentioned :

وكل من صد عن سبيل الله فهو شيطان

Everyone who hinders others from the path of Allah is a shaytaan

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 6/82]


Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

See here to read more assorted Qur’an benefits

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