The Beauty of Reciting the Qur’an Properly: ibn al-Jazari

The great scholar of the qiraa’aat, Abu’l-Khair Muhammad ibn al-Jazari, mentioned the following words in the introduction to one of his most famous works:

فالتجويد هو حلية التلاوة ، وزينة القراءة ، وهو إعطاء الحروف حقوقها وترتيبها مراتبها ، ورد الحرف إلى مخرجه وأصله ، وإلحاقه بنظيره وتصحيح لفظه وتلطيف النطق به على حال صيغته ، وكمال هيئته ; من غير إسراف ولا تعسف ولا إفراط ولا تكلف ، وإلى ذلك أشار النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – بقوله : من أحب أن يقرأ القرآن غضا كما أنزل فليقرأ قراءة ابن أم عبد ، يعني عبد الله بن مسعود ، وكان – رضي الله عنه – قد أعطي حظا عظيما في تجويد القرآن وتحقيقه وترتيله كما أنزله الله تعالى ، وناهيك برجل أحب النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – أن يسمع القرآن منه ولما قرأ أبكى رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – كما ثبت في الصحيحين ، وروينا بسند صحيح عن أبي عثمان النهدي قال : صلى بنا ابن مسعود المغرب بـ ” قل هو الله أحد ” ، ووالله لوددت أنه قرأ بسورة البقرة من حسن صوته وترتيله . ـ

al-Tajweed is the sweetness of recitation and the beautification of reading. It is giving each letter its due rights and reciting them in a slow and measured pace. It is tracing each letter back to its place of articulation and its origin and connecting them sequentially, and pronouncing them correctly and pleasantly in their proper way and perfect manner without any excess, corruption, immoderation, or affectation.

And the Prophet (ﷺ) pointed towards all of this with his statement, “Whoever would like to recite the Qur’an fresh just as it was revealed, then let him recite it with the recitation of ibn Umm ‘Abd” – meaning ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood, for he (may Allah be pleased with him) was granted a tremendous blessing in his ability to recite the Qur’an correctly with tajweed and in a slow and measured pace just as Allah revealed it. And that’s not even mentioning that he was a man whose recitation of the Qur’an the Prophet (ﷺ) loved to listen to, and he used to cry when he recited it, as is authentically recorded in the two Saheeh collections.

And it has also been relayed to us with a sound chain of narration from Abu ‘Uthman al-Nahdi that he said, “Ibn Mas’ood led us in salah al-Maghrib and he recited surah al-Ikhlaas. By Allah! I would have loved it if he had recited surah al-Baqarah with that beautiful voice and slow measured pace of his!”

ـ ( قلت ) : وهذه سنة الله – تبارك وتعالى – ، فمن يقرأ القرآن مجودا مصححا كما أنزل تلتذ الأسماع بتلاوته ، وتخشع القلوب عند قراءته ، حتى يكاد أن يسلب العقول ويأخذ الألباب ; سر من أسرار الله تعالى يودعه من يشاء من خلقه ، ولقد أدركنا من شيوخنا من لم يكن له حسن صوت ولا معرفة بالألحان إلا أنه كان جيد الأداء قيما باللفظ ، فكان إذا قرأ أطرب المسامع ، وأخذ من القلوب بالمجامع ، وكان الخلق يزدحمون عليه ، ويجتمعون على الاستماع إليه ، أمم من الخواص والعوام ، يشترك في ذلك من يعرف العربي ومن لا يعرفه من سائر الأنام [ ص: 213 ] مع تركهم جماعات من ذوي الأصوات الحسان ، عارفين بالمقامات والألحان لخروجهم عن التجويد والإتقان . ـ

And this is the way Allah made things, for whoever recites the Qur’an beautifully and correctly as it was revealed, then it will be a pleasure to listen to and will bring about khushoo’ in the hearts, so much so that people will practically lose their senses. It is one of Allah’s secrets which He entrusts to whomever of His creation He wishes.

And we have seen this from some of our teachers, people who did not have nice voices or know anything about reciting melodiously, however they used to articulate the letters excellently, forming each word perfectly. So when they would recite, it would move the listeners and capture the hearts of large groups of people, and so the people would flock to them and gather around to listen to them – large numbers of people from both the elite and the common folks, both those who know Arabic as well as those peoples who don’t. All of this while passing over the congregations led by those with beautiful voices who were trained to recite in the most melodious ways – ways which traded melody and rhythm at the cost of tajweed and truly excellent recitation.

[al-Nashr fee Qiraa’aat al-‘Ashr 1/212-213]

See also: Etiquette of Reciting and Listening to the Qur’an: ibn ‘Uthaymeen

See also: How the Prophet Would Recite the Qur’an

See also: The Great Merits of Reciting the Qur’an with Contemplation: ibn al-Qayyim

See also: Gathering in the Houses of Allah to Recite and Study the Qur’an: Sheikh Saalih al-Fawzan

See also: Which is more virtuous: reading a small amount of the Qur’an with tarteel and contemplation, or a large amount quickly? – Ibn al-Qayyim

4 thoughts on “The Beauty of Reciting the Qur’an Properly: ibn al-Jazari

  1. Pingback: “Allah commanded me to recite to you”: Sharh al-Nawawi | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: How the Prophet Would Recite the Qur’an | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: What about the Qiraa’ah of ibn Mas’ood?: Makki ibn Abi Taalib | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: Reciting the Qur’an without Understanding: Sheikh bin Baaz | Tulayhah

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