Assorted Qur’an Benefits #2

What follows are a collection of assorted benefits originally posted on our social media page in June, July and August of 2014:

♦ It is part of Allah’s kindness that He warns His slaves of Himself

Allah mentions in surah Aali ‘Imran:

 وَيُحَذِّرُكُمُ اللَّهُ نَفْسَهُ وَاللَّهُ رَءُوفٌ بِالْعِبَادِ

And Allah warns you about Himself. And Allah is kind to His slaves. [al-Qur’an 3:38]

Imam ibn Kathir writes about this ayah:

[قال الحسن البصري : من رأفته بهم حذرهم نفسه . وقال غيره : أي رحيم بخلقه ، يحب لهم أن يستقيموا على صراطه المستقيم ودينه القويم ، وأن يتبعوا رسوله الكريم .]

al-Hasan al-Basri said, “Part of His kindness to them is that He warns them of Himself.” And others said: it means that He is Merciful to His creation. He loves for them to be firmly established on the Straight Path and Upright Deen, and for them to follow His noble Messenger. “

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 2/32]


♦ The Meaning of al-Dhikr

Sa’eed ibn Jubayr said:

الذكر طاعة الله ، فمن لم يطعه لم يذكره وإن أكثر التسبيح والتهليل وقراءة القرآن

al-Dhikr is obeying Allah, so whoever does not obey Him has not made dhikr of Him, even if he engages in an abundance of tasbeeh*, tahleel* and recitation of the Qur’an.

[Jaam’i li-Ahkam al-Qur’an 2/161]

*Translator’s note: ‘Tasbeeh’ refers to saying, “subhanAllaah”, and ‘Tahleel’ refers to saying, “laa ilaaha illallah.”


♦ The Muttaqoon

Allah describes the muttaqoon in surah al-Anbiyaa’ when He says:

 لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ * الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَ‌بَّهُم بِالْغَيْبِ وَهُم مِّنَ السَّاعَةِ مُشْفِقُونَ

…the muttaqoon * Those who fear their Lord unseen, while they are – of the Hour – apprehensive.  [21:48-49]

Imam al-Qurtubi explains this in his tafsir by writing:

للمتقين الذين يخشون ربهم بالغيب أي غائبين ؛ لأنهم لم يروا الله تعالى ، بل عرفوا بالنظر والاستدلال أن لهم ربا قادرا ، يجازي على الأعمال فهم يخشونه في سرائرهم ، وخلواتهم التي يغيبون فيها عن الناس . وهم من الساعة أي من قيامها قبل التوبة . مشفقون أي خائفون وجلون

لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ * الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَ‌بَّهُم بِالْغَيْبِ

… the mutaaqoon * those who have reverential fear of their Lord unseen …

meaning while they are not physically present with Him, because they do not see Allah the exalted, however they recognize through consideration and the evidences around them that the Lord is all-powerful over them, and that He gives recompense for one’s actions. So they fear Him in their private personal matters, as well as in their intimate private gatherings during which they withdraw from the people.

وَهُم مِّنَ السَّاعَةِ

… while they are – of the Hour – …

i.e. of it occurring before they make tawbah

مُشْفِقُونَ

… they are apprehensive.

meaning: they fear it and tremble.

[Jaami’ li-Ahkam al-Qur’an 11/204]


♦ Sabr and Shukr

Qatadah is reported to have said:

 نعم العبد ، عبد إذا ابتلي صبر ، وإذا أعطي شكر

How excellent is the slave who, when he is tested with trials, exercises steadfast patience, and when he receives some blessing, expresses gratitude.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 4/478]


♦ Tests are given to turn us back to Allah

Allah says in His Book in surah al-Sajdah:

وَلَنُذِيقَنَّهُم مِّنَ الْعَذَابِ الْأَدْنَىٰ دُونَ الْعَذَابِ الْأَكْبَرِ‌ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْ‌جِعُونَ

And we will surely let them taste the nearer punishment short of the greater punishment that perhaps they will repent. [32:21]

Ibn ‘Abbaas explained this ayah by saying:

يعني بالعذاب الأدنى مصائب الدنيا وأسقامها وآفاتها ، وما يحل بأهلها مما يبتلي الله به عباده ليتوبوا إليه

The “nearer punishment” means the trials, ailments, annoyances of this worldly life, as well as whatever other sorts of trials Allah allows to occur to His slaves in order that they may turn in repentance to Him.

[Tafsir Ibn Kathir 6/28]


♦ The Firm Word

Imam ibn Kathir records that ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood said:

إن المؤمن إذا مات أجلس في قبره، فيقال له: من ربك؟ ما دينك؟ من نبيك؟ فيثبته الله، فيقول: ربي الله، وديني الإسلام، ونبيي محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم. وقرأ عبد الله: {يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الآخِرَةِ} . ـ

When the believer has died, he is made to sit up in his grave and then it is said to him, “Who is your Lord? What is your deen (religion)? Who is your prophet?” Then Allah will make him firm, so he will say, “My Lord is Allah, My Deen is al-Islaam, and my Prophet is Muhammad (ﷺ).”

Then ‘Abdullah recited the ayah:

يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الآخِرَةِ

Allah keeps firm those who believe, with the firm word, in worldly life and in the Hereafter. [14:27]

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 4/498]


♦ The Bounty of Allah and His Rahmah

Allah says in surah Yunus:

 قُلْ بِفَضْلِ اللَّـهِ وَبِرَ‌حْمَتِهِ فَبِذَٰلِكَ فَلْيَفْرَ‌حُوا هُوَ خَيْرٌ‌ مِّمَّا يَجْمَعُونَ

Say, “In the bounty of Allah and in His mercy – in that let them rejoice; it is better than what they accumulate.” [10:58]

In his book of tafsir, Imam al-Baghawi mentions that the companion Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri explained this ayah by saying:

وقال أبو سعيد الخدري : فضل الله القرآن ورحمته أن جعلنا من أهله

The bounty of Allah is the Qur’an, and His mercy is that He has made us among its people.

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 4/140]


♦ Three Qualities that will Surely Benefit you

Ibn Kathir mentions in his biography of theTaabi’ee Muhammad ibn K’ab al-Qarthi:

وقال عبد الله بن المبارك: حدثنا موسى بن عبيدة، عن محمد بن كعب، قال: إذا أراد الله بعبد خيراً جعل فيه ثلاث خصال: فقهاً في الدين، وزهادة في الدنيا، وبصراً بعيوب نفسه . ـ

‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak narrated from Moosaa ibn ‘Ubaydah that Muhammad ibn Ka’b said, “If Allah wants good for a slave, He creates three characteristics in him: Understanding of the religion, zuhd (abstemiousness) in this worldly life, and insight into his own defects.”

[al-Bidayah w’al-Nihayah 9/286]

Learn more about these and other mufassiroon (those who explained the Qur’an) with our Mufassir Profiles

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