Those who say “our Lord is Allah” and then have al-Istiqaamah: Tafsir al-Baghawi

In part of surah Fussilat, Allah praises:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا رَبُّنَا اللَّهُ ثُمَّ اسْتَقَامُوا تَتَنَزَّلُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ أَلَّا تَخَافُوا وَلَا تَحْزَنُوا وَأَبْشِرُوا بِالْجَنَّةِ الَّتِي كُنْتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ

Those who say “our Lord is Allah” and then have al-Istiqaamah, then the angels will descend on them: “Do not fear and do not grieve! And have glad tidings of al-Jannah which you have been promised!” [41:30]

In his tafsir of this ayah, Imam Husayn al-Baghawi mentioned the following narrations:

 قوله عز وجل : ( إن الذين قالوا ربنا الله ثم استقاموا ) سئل أبو بكر الصديق – رضي الله تعالى عنه – عن الاستقامة فقال : أن لا تشرك بالله شيئا . وقال عمر بن الخطاب – رضي الله عنه – : ” الاستقامة ” أن تستقيم على الأمر والنهي ، ولا تروغ روغان الثعلب . وقال عثمان بن عفان – رضي الله عنه – : أخلصوا العمل لله . وقال علي – رضي الله عنه – : أدوا الفرائض . وقال ابن عباس : استقاموا على أداء الفرائض . ـ وقال الحسن : استقاموا على أمر الله تعالى فعملوا بطاعته ، واجتنبوا معصيته . ـ وقال مجاهد وعكرمة : استقاموا على شهادة أن لا إله إلا الله حتى لحقوا بالله . ـ وقال مقاتل : استقاموا على المعرفة ولم يرتدوا . وقال قتادة : كان الحسن إذا تلا هذه الآية قال : اللهم أنت ربنا فارزقنا الاستقامة . ـ

Allah’s statement:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا رَبُّنَا اللَّـهُ ثُمَّ اسْتَقَامُوا

Those who say “our Lord is Allah” and then have al-Istiqaamah

Abu Bakr al-Siddiq was asked about al-Istiqaamah and he replied by saying, “It is that you do not associate any partners with Allah at all.”

‘Umar ibn al-Khattab said, “al-Istiqaamah is that you steadfastly observe the commands and prohibitions, and that you do not swerve off into falsehood and deceit.”

‘Uthman ibn ‘Affaan said, “They make their deeds sincerely for the sake of Allah.”

‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib said, “They perform the obligatory duties.”

Ibn ‘Abbaas said, “They are steadfast in fulfilling the obligatory duties.”

al-Hasan al-Basri said, “They are steadfast upon Allah’s command, so they act in obedience to Him and avoid disobeying Him.”

Mujahid and ‘Ikrimah said, “They are steadfast upon the testimony of laa ilaaha illallaah – there is no deity worthy of worship other than Allah – until they meet Allah.”

Muqatil said, “They are steadfast, based on a foundation of knowledge, and do not leave the religion.”

Qatadah said that when al-Hasan used to recite this ayah he would say, “O Allah, You are our Lord, so provide us with al-istiqaamah!”

قوله عز وجل : ( تتنزل عليهم الملائكة ) قال ابن عباس : عند الموت . وقال قتادة ومقاتل : إذا قاموا من قبورهم . قال وكيع بن الجراح : البشرى تكون في ثلاث مواطن : عند الموت وفي القبر وعند البعث . ( ألا تخافوا ) من الموت . وقال مجاهد : لا تخافوا على ما تقدمون عليه من أمر الآخرة . ( ولا تحزنوا ) على ما خلفتم من أهل وولد ، فإنا نخلفكم في ذلك كله . وقال عطاء بن أبي رباح : لا تخافوا ولا تحزنوا على ذنوبكم فإني أغفرها لكم . ( وأبشروا بالجنة التي كنتم توعدون ) . ـ

Allah’s statement:

تَتَنَزَّلُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ

angels descend upon them

ibn ‘Abbaas said that this is referring to the time of death.

Qatadah and Muqatil said that it means when they would risen from their graves.

Wakee’ ibn al-Jarrah said, “The glad tidings will be at three different stations: 1) at the time of death, 2) in the grave, and 3) at the time of being resurrected from death.”

أَلَّا تَخَافُوا

“Do not fear …”

i.e. do not fear death.

Mujahid said, “Don’t fear the Hereafter which you are moving forward into.”

وَلَا تَحْزَنُوا

“… and do not grieve… “

over the wives and children which you are leaving behind, for We will certainly take care of them all after you.

‘Ataa’ ibn Abi Rabaah said, “Neither fear nor grieve over your sins, for I will forgive them of you.”

وَأَبْشِرُوا بِالْجَنَّةِ الَّتِي كُنتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ

“… And have glad tidings of al-Jannah which you have been promised!”

[Tafsir al-Baghawi 7/172-173]

See also: The Sahabah and Tabi’oon known for their Tafsir: al-Suyooti

See also: “And who is better in speech than one who invites to Allah…” Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: An Example of Reconciling Different Explanations from the Salaf: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool

See also: The Best Methods of Explaining the Qur’an: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool

One thought on “Those who say “our Lord is Allah” and then have al-Istiqaamah: Tafsir al-Baghawi

  1. Pingback: “And who is better in speech than one who invites to Allah…” Tafsir al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

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