The Best Methods of Explaining the Qur’an: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool

Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool, a professor at Umm al-Qura University in Mecca, wrote the following in a series of social media posts dealing with the fundamentals of al-tafsir:

افضل طرق التفسير ؛ ـ
The Best Methods of Explaining the Qur’an

ـ = تفسير القرآن بالقرآن وقد علمنا الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم هذه الطريقة كما مر في حديث استشكال الصحابة لقوله تعالى : (الذين ٱمنوا ولم يلبسوا إيمانهم بظلم) . فما أجمل في مكان فصل في آخر . ـ

Explaining the Qur’an by means of the Qur’an itself. Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) taught us this method, as comes in the hadeeth where the Companions were confused by Allah’s statement:

الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَلَمْ يَلْبِسُوا إِيمَانَهُم بِظُلْمٍ

They who believe and do not mix their belief with thulm [6:82]

For whatever is left general in one place is explained in further detail in another.

ـ = تفسير القرآن بالسنة . فإن من وظيفة الرسول بيان معاني ما نزل إليه. وما مات الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم إلا وبين جميع ما نزل بطريق البيان النبوي وقد سبقت الإشارة إليها. ـ

Explaining the Qur’an by means of the Sunnah. One of the tasks of the Messenger was to explain the meanings of what was revealed to him, and the Messenger did not die until after he had explained all of what had been revealed to him through some method of Prophetic explanation which we have discussed elsewhere.

 ـ = تفسير القرآن بقول الصحابي، فإن كلام الصحابي في تفسير القرآن أما نقل عن الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم أو اجتهاد مبني على ما فهمه عن الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم. وفي الحالين له حكم الرفع. ـ

Explaining the Qur’an with a statement from a Companion. A companion’s statements regarding the explanation of the Qur’an is either something transmitted from Allah’s Messenger himself (ﷺ), or it is that companion’s own independent judgement built of the foundation of what he understood from the Messenger (ﷺ). And in both of these cases, the statement takes the same ruling as something attributed to the Prophet (ﷺ).

ـ = تفسير القرآن بما أجمع عليه التابعون. لأن اجماعهم على المعنى دليل مستقل أنه منقول عن الصحابة عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم. ـ

Explaining the Qur’an according to what the Taabi’oon unanimously agreed on. This is because their unanimous agreement on the meaning of something is itself an independent proof that this meaning was in fact transmitted to them from the Sahabah, which they received from Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ).

ويسمى التفسير بهذه الطرق التفسير بالمأثور . أو التفسير بالمنقول أو التفسير بالرواية . ـ

These methods of explaining the Qur’an are known as Tafsir bi’l-Ma’thoor, or Tafsir bi’l-Manqool, or Tafsir bi’l-Riwaayah [Narration-based Tafsir].

وتسميته بالمأثور حادثة في بدايات القرن السابق . لكن حقيقته كانت موجودة . فقد كانوا يذكرون التفسير بالرأي فيكون مقابله تفسيرا لا رأي فيه وهو المأثور.. ـ

Although this title of Tafsir bi’l-Ma’thoor only came into being during the last century, these methods have in fact been present long before that. For people have long been to talking about Tafsir bi’l-Ra’yi [Opinion-based Tafsir], and the counterpart to that is tafsir which does not involve one’s own opinions – which is Tafsir bi’l-Ma’thoor.

ومن طرق التفسير التفسير بمقتضى اللغة والعقل وهو التفسير بالرأي. يشترط في قبوله أن لا يخالف التفسير بالمأثور مخالفة تضاد . والله الموفق. ـ

And also, there are the methods of explaining the Qur’an which involve linguistics and one’s own reasoning capacities – and that is Tafsir bi’l-Ra’yi [Opinion-based Tafsir]. In order for this type of explanation to be accepted, it must not differ from the Narration-based tafsir in a way that contradicts it.

And Allah is the granter of success.

[Taken from the sheikh’s social media page here]

See also: The Importance of Tafsir and its Sources: Sheikh al-Fawzan

See also: Narration-based Tafsir before Opinion-based Tafsir: Sheikh Saalih Aal al-Sheikh

See also: The Difference Between Narration-based Tafsir and Opinion-Based Tafsir: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool

See also: On Modern Readings of the Qur’an and Sunnah: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool

See also: The Conditions for Making Tafsir: Sheikh Saalih Aal al-Sheikh

See also: The Need for Teaching Tafsir: Ibn ‘Uthaymeen

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5 thoughts on “The Best Methods of Explaining the Qur’an: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool

  1. Pingback: How the Prophet Explained the Qur’an: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: The Difference Between Narration-based Tafsir and Opinion-Based Tafsir: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: Those who say “our Lord is Allah” and then have al-Istiqaamah: Tafsir al-Baghawi | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: How and Why the Sahabah used Israa’eeliyyaat Narrations: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool | Tulayhah

  5. Pingback: On Modern Readings of the Qur’an and Sunnah: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool | Tulayhah

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